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Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (42)
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1

Medieval

500-1400 (A.D.)

2

Renaissance

1400-1600

3

Baroque

1600-1750

4

Classical

1750-1825

5

Romantic

1825-1900

6

Modern

1900-present

7

Pitch

Highness or lowness of a note

8

Phrase

A musical sentence

9

Harmony

Simultaneous sounding of a number of different notes

10

Rhythm

The beat of a piece of music

11

Meter

The way in which beats are grouped together

12

Form

The overall structure of a piece of music

13

Tempo

The speed of a piece of music

14

Dynamics

Intensity (loudness or softness) of sound

15

What are the four sections of the orchestra

Strings
Woodwinds
Brass
Percussion

16

Machaut

Greatest composer of the French Ars Nova; wrote the first complete polyphonic setting of the ordinary of the mass

17

Josquin de Prez

Greatest composer of the renaissance

18

Palestrina

Renaissance composer who best represented the wishes of the Council of Trent

19

Monteverdi

Bridge composer between the renaissance and baroque

20

Vivaldi

Most celebrated Italian baroque composer; wrote hundreds of violin concerti

21

Handel

German baroque composer who made his game in England; composer messiah

22

Bach

Greatest composer of the baroque; master of polyphony (counterpoint)

23

Haydn

“Grandfather” of the classical period; helped establish standard forms of the symphony, sonata, and string quartet; wrote 104 numbered symphonies

24

Mozart

Greatest musical genius of all time; master of every classical genre; wrote 40 numbered symphonies & a requiem (mass for the dead)

25

Beethoven

Supreme iconic figure of the western art music; bridged the classical and romantic periods; wrote 9 symphonies, 32 piano sonatas

26

Schubert

Wrote 9 classical symphonies, & over 600 romantic songs; master of melody

27

Chopin

Polish romantic master of the piano

28

Schumann

Romantic zealot; married to Clara (one of the greatest pianist of her time)

29

Liszt

Perhaps the greatest pianist ever

30

Brahms

Romantic composer who was the last great composer of the classical tradition; composed 4 symphonies and a German requiem

31

Tchaikovsky

Russian romantic composer of intensely emotional music; wrote 6 symphonies & the ballets “swan lake “, “nutcracker “, & “sleeping beauty”

32

Verdi

Greatest Italian romantic imposter of opera

33

Wagner

Greatest German romantic composer of opera

34

Rachmaninov

Great Russian post romantic composer and pianist

35

Dvorak

Greatest of the Czech (bohemian) nationalist (romantic) composers

36

Grieg

Greatest Norwegian nationalist composer (romantic)

37

Sibelius

Greatest Finnish nationalist composer (romantic)

38

Debussy

Greatest French impressionist composer

39

Ravel

Took French Impressionism and adapted it to classical forms

40

Schoenberg

His explorations with atonality broke with the past and ushered in the modern period

41

Stravinsky

Considered the greatest Russian composer of the 20th century

42

Ives

American composer who was well ahead of his time in experimenting with 20th century techniques