Final Exam Objectives Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Final Exam Objectives Deck (38):
1

What additive is in a gray tube?

Sodium fluoride

2

What additive is in a red/gray tube?

None

3

What additive is in a lavender tube?

EDTA

4

What additive is in a green tube?

Sodium heparin or lithium heparin

5

What additive is in a light blue tube?

Sodium citrate

6

What tests does the chemistry department do?

Electrolytes (Na, Cl, K, CO2)

Green, gold, black/red, red

7

What tests does the coagulation department do?

Prothrombin test (PT)
Partial thromboplastin (PTT)
Activated partial thromboplastin (APTT)
Thrombin clotting time (TCT)
Fibrinogen (FIBRIN)
Bleeding time (BT)

Light blue tube

8

What tests does the hematology department do?

CBC:
WBC
RBC
Hgb
Hct
Diff

PBC:
WBC
RBC
Hgb
Hct

Lavender tube

9

What tests does the microbiology department do?

Anything that grows

Blood culture - blood culture bottle

Urine culture - cup

10

What tests does the special chemistry department do?

24 hour urine test

11

What tests does the urinalysis department do?

Urinalysis

12

What tests are in a lipid panel?

Cholesterol, Triglycerides, HDL, LDL (calculated), CHOL/HDL ratio (cardiac risk)

NEED TO FAST FOR ABOUT 24 HOURS

13

What tests are in a renal panel?

Electrolytes (Na, K, Cl, CO2), BUN, Creatinine, Glucose, Calcium, Albumin, Phosphorus, Anion gap

14

What tests are in a CMP?

Electrolytes (Na, K, Cl, CO2), Glucose, BUN, Creatinine, Calcium, Total protein, Albumin, Total Bilirubin, AST (SGOT), ALT (SGPT), Alkaline phosphatase, Anion gap

15

What tests are in an electrolyte panel?

Na, K, Ca, CO2, Anion gap

16

What tests are in a BMP?

Electrolytes (Na, K, Cl, CO2), Glucose, BUN, Creatinine, Calcium, Anion gap

17

What are the two most common needles used by a phlebotomist?

Venipuncture
Butterfly

18

Name the most common blood collection systems

Vacutainer
Straight needle
Butterfly
Syringe

19

Why are blood cultures ordered?

When a patient has a fever to see if there is an infection

20

Microtainers can be used for all departments except:

Blood bank
Coagulation

21

What are the two parts of a syringe?

Barrel
Plunger

22

Name three primary veins:

Median cubital, cephalic, basilic

23

What is the draw order with a vacutainer system?

Blood cultures
Sodium citrate (blue top)
Serum tube with or without clot activator (red, red/gray, gold)
Heparin tube (green)
EDTA tube (purple)
Sodium fluoride/potassium tube (gray)

24

The fluid portion of blood after clotting has taken place is called:

Serum

25

List 3 ways to ID a patient for Blood blank?

Verbally
ID bracelet

26

What do you clear for coags when drawing from a central line?

1

27

You have to go draw a CBC, blood culture x1 TCT and lytes. Put the order which you are supposed to draw.

Blood culture
TCT
Electrolytes
CBC

28

What departments make up the lab?

Chemistry
Special chemistry
Urinalysis
Hematology
Coagulation
Microbiology
Blood bank

29

Label 3 layers of the blood sample, additives are EDTA.

Top: serum
Middle: white blood cells
Bottom: red blood cells

30

CMP

Comprehensive Metabolic Panel

31

GTT

Glucose tolerance test

32

LD

Lactic dehydrogenase

33

CP

Creatine phosphokinase

34

PT

Prothrombin test

35

BUN

Blood Urea Nitrogen

36

PBC

Partial blood count

37

UC&S

Urine culture and sensitivity

38

EDTA

Ethylendiaminetraacetic acid