Final Exam Review 12/11/12 Flashcards Preview

Radiographic Positioning > Final Exam Review 12/11/12 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Exam Review 12/11/12 Deck (150):
1

The body habitus of the very slender person

What is asthenic

2

In computed radiography, this houses the image storage phosphors that acquire the latent image

What is the imaging plate?

3

This refers to parts or angulation toward the feet

What is caudad or caudal?

4

This refers to parts nearest the point of attachment, point of reference, origin, or beginning

What is proximal?

5

The term that refers to a hole in a bone through which blood vessels and nerves pass

What is a foramen?

6

The number of primary branches of the right bronchus

What is 3?

7

The three projections that comprise an acute abdomen series

What are AP supine abdomen, AP upright abdomen, and PA chest?

8

The abdominal projection that will not demonstrate free air levels within the abdomen

What is the AP supine abdomen?

9

The cavity that contains the heart and lungs

What is the thoracic cavity?

10

The thoracic structures that are of primary interest with the left lateral projection of the chest

What are the heart and left lung?

11

Another name for the scaphoid

What is the navicular?

12

The bony process that is located on the anterior surface of the proximal humerus

What is the lesser tubercle?

13

This structure articulates with the ulna to form the humeroulnar joint

What is the trochlea?

14

Of the following digits of the hand, the one that produces the least OID in the lateral projection of that digit:
Second digit, third digit, fourth digit

What is the second digit?

15

The projection of the forearm that requires the elbow be flexed 90 degrees

What is the lateral projection?

16

The end of the clavicle that articulates with the scapula

What is the lateral end?

17

The part of the scapula that articulates with the head of the humerus to form the scapulohumeral joint

What is the glenoid fossa?

18

The joint classification of the shoulder joint

What is ball and socket?

19

The bone that forms the anterior part of the shoulder girdle

What is the clavicle?

20

The bone that articulates with the medial end of the clavicle

What is the sternum?

21

The name of the small round bones located on the plantar surface of the foot, typically beneath the first MTP joint

What are sesamoids?

22

The tarsal bone located on the medial side of the foot between the talus and the three cuneiforms

What is the navicular?

23

The projection of the foot that will demonstrate the metatarsals nearly superimposed on each other

What is the lateral projection?

24

The degree of rotation for an AP oblique projection of the knee

What is 45 degrees?

25

The joint formed by the articulation of the head of the fibula with the lateral condyle of the tibia

What is the proximal tibiofibular joint?

26

A health professionals moral responsibility and the science of appropriate conduct toward others

What are ethics?

27

Receives the energy of the x-ray beam and forms the image of the body part

What is the image receptor?

28

The degree of film blackening

What is radiographic or optical density?

29

The factor that controls radiographic contrast

What is kVp?

30

The person with this body habitus possesses a high, transverse stomach

What is hypersthenic?

31

The name of the double-walled serous membrane that encloses the lung

What is the pleura?

32

The central ray location for a supine AP projection of the abdomen

What is the iliac crest?

33

The term for the area between the two lungs

What is the mediastinum?

34

The number of ribs that should be demonstrated above the diaphragm on a well-inspired PA chest radiograph

What is 10?

35

The serous membrane that lines the abdominopelvic walls

What is the peritoneum?

36

The bones that comprise the palm of the hand

What are the metacarpals?

37

The two bones that comprise the forearm

What are the radius and ulna?

38

The central ray location for a lateral projection of the second through fifth digits

What is the proximal interphalangeal joint or PIP?

39

The projection of the elbow that best demonstrates the radial head free of bony superimposition

What is the AP oblique in lateral or external rotation?

40

The projection of the humerus that will place the humeral epicondyles parallel to the plane of the image receptor

What is the AP projection?

41

Classification of bone the scapula belongs in

What are flat bones?

42

The border of the scapula that extends from the superior angle to the inferior angle

What is the medial or vertebral border?

43

The border of the scapula on which the scapular notch is located

What is the superior border?

44

The central ray location for an AP projection of the shoulder

What is 1 inch inferior to the coracoid process?

45

The projection of the shoulder that best demonstrates the greater tubercle of the humerus in profile

What is the AP projection with external rotation?

46

The lateral bone of the lower leg

What is the fibula?

47

The largest tarsal bone

What is the calcaneus?

48

Large process at the distal end of the tibia

What is the medial malleolus?

49

The constricted portion of the femur just inferior from the head

What is the neck?

50

The number of tarsal bones in the foot

What is seven?

51

This marker should be used on an upright left lateral position

What is the left marker?

52

This person is responsible for obtaining necessary clinical history when the radiologist is unable to see the patient

Who is the radiographer?

53

The difference in adjacent densities on a radiographic image

What is radiographic contrast?

54

The distance between the body part and the image receptor

What is OID?

55

This is the most convenient and effective method for preventing the spread of microorganisms

What is handwashing?

56

Another name for an AP supine abdomen

What is KUB?

57

Level of the central ray for a PA projection of the chest

What is T7?

58

Projection performed to demonstrate air/fluid levels in the abdomen for the patient who is unable to stand

What is the left lateral decubitus?

59

The two large muscles located on either side of the lumbar spine

What are the psoas muscles?

60

The lower, broad aspect of the lungs

What is the base?

61

The joint formed by the articulation of the proximal end of the middle phalanx with the distal end of the proximal phalanx of the ring finger

What is the proximal interphalangeal joint of the fourth digit?

62

The structure that articulates with the radial head

What is the capitulum?

63

The carpal bone that is most commonly fractured

What is the scaphoid?

64

The central area of the long, cylindrical shaft of the radius, ulna and humerus

What is the body?

65

The large bony process easily located by touching on the posterior aspect of the forearm

What is the olecranon process?

66

The large, rounded, elevated process prominently located on the lateral surface of the proximal humerus

What is the greater tubercle?

67

The articulation between the glenoid cavity and the head of the humerus

What is the scapulohumeral joint?

68

The type of bone classification of the clavicle

What is long bone?

69

The small, synovial fluid-filled sacs, which relieve pressure and reduce friction in joint tissues

What are bursae?

70

The projection of the shoulder which will place the humeral epicondyles perpendicular to the image receptor

What is AP projection in internal rotation?

71

The bones that articulate with the proximal phalanges of the foot

What are the metatarsals?

72

Another projection term that refers to the AP projection of the foot

What is dorsoplantar?

73

This projection of the knee best demonstrates the femoropatellar space open

What is the lateral projection?

74

The central ray location for an AP oblique projection of the foot

What is the base of the third metatarsal?

75

The femoral structures that articulate with the tibia

What are the condyles?

76

Forced or excessive extension of a limb or part

What is hyperextension?

77

The term that applies to turning the palm of the hand up

What is supination?

78

The type of violation committed if a radiographer refuses to perform an exam on an AIDS patient

What is ethical?

79

This type of joint only permits flexion or extension

What is a hinge joint?

80

This body plane divides the body into equal anterior and posterior halves

What is mid-coronal?

81

The part of the lung that extends above the clavicle

What is the apex?

82

The largest organ in the abdominal cavity

What is the liver?

83

Breathing instructions for an AP upright abdomen

What is “hold your breath on expiration”?

84

The central ray location for an AP upright abdomen

What is 2 inches above the iliac crest?

85

A pathologic condition of the lung that involves replacement of air with fluid in the lung interstitium and alveoli

What is pulmonary edema?

86

The central ray location for the PA projection of the hand

What is the third metacarpophalangeal joint or MCP?

87

The projection of the elbow that best demonstrates the olecranon process in profile

What is the lateral projection?

88

The largest of the carpal bones

What is the capitate?

89

The process that is located on the lateral aspect of the distal forearm

What is the radial styloid process?

90

Of these four fingers, index finger, thumb, small finger and ring finger, the one that produces the greatest OID in the lateral projection

What is the ring finger?

91

The recommended SID for AC joints

What is 72 inches?

92

The projection of the shoulder that best demonstrates the greater tubercle of the humerus in profile

What is the AP external rotation shoulder?

93

The central ray location for an AP projection of the scapula

What is 2 inches below the coracoid process?

94

The body position used to demonstrate the left shoulder with the PA oblique projection of the shoulder (Scapular Y)

What is left anterior oblique or LAO?

95

The breathing instructions for an AP projection of the scapula

What is breath normally (or shallow breathing)?

96

Two large eminences located on the distal end of the femur

What are the condyles?

97

The tarsal bone that comprises the heel of the foot

What is the calcaneus?

98

The largest bone of the lower limb

What is the femur?

99

The name of the bones the heads of the metatarsals articulate with

What are proximal phalanges?

100

The degree and direction of angulation for the lateral projection of the knee

What is five degrees cephalic?

101

This term refers to parts farthest from the point of attachment, point of reference or away from the center of the body

What is distal?

102

The term referring to toward the head of the body

What is cephalic?

103

The term that refers to the path of the x-ray beam

What is projection?

104

Movement of a body part toward the midline of the body

What is adduction?

105

The best way a radiographer can control voluntary motion

What is giving clear instructions to the patient?

106

Name one of the projections of the abdomen that utilizes a horizontal beam

What is the AP upright abdomen or the Left Lateral Decubitus abdomen?

107

The respiration phase for an AP abdominal radiograph done in the supine position

What is hold your breath on expiration?

108

Inflammation of the bronchi

What is bronchitis?

109

The presence of gas or air in the pleural cavity

What is pneumothorax?

110

The plane that must be accurately parallel with the IR to prevent distortion of the thoracic structures during a lateral chest radiograph

What is the midsagittal plane?

111

The degree of flexion needed for a lateral projection of the elbow

What is 90 degrees?

112

The carpal bone that lies between the scaphoid and the triquetrum

What is the lunate?

113

The central ray location for an AP projection of the first digit of the hand

What is the first metacarpophalangeal joint?

114

The central ray location for an AP projection of humerus

What is the mid-humerus?

115

The roughened process of the humerus located superior to the intertubercular groove

What is the greater tubercle?

116

The breathing instructions for an AP projection of the shoulder

What is stop breathing?

117

The area of the proximal humerus located directly below the tubercles, which is the site of many fractures

What is the surgical neck?

118

The position of the humeral epicondyles in relation to the image receptor for an AP shoulder in external rotation

What is parallel?

119

Another name for the medial end of the clavicle

What is the sternal extremity?

120

The name of the lateral end of the scapular spine

What is the acromion?

121

The central ray location for the AP oblique projection of the toes

What is the third metatarsophalangeal joint?

122

The term that refers to the inferior tip of the patella

What is the apex?

123

The central ray location for a lateral projection of the ankle

What is the medial malleolus?

124

The structure of the knee that is best demonstrated with the tangential projection

What is the patella?

125

The projection of the knee that will place the patella over the lateral condyle of the femur

What is the AP oblique projection with lateral or external rotation?

126

The most common body habitus in the United States

The most common body habitus in the United States

What is sthenic?

127

The projection when the central ray enters the anterior body surface and exits the posterior body surface

What is AP?

128

This exposure factor is used to control involuntary motion

What is exposure time?

129

The respiration phase needed to expand lung fields to the maximum extent possible

What is inspiration?

130

The plane passing through the midline of the body dividing it into equal right and left halves

What is the midsagittal plane?

131

In the lung, this exchanges oxygen and carbon dioxide by diffusion

What is alveoli?

132

The optimal respiration phase for a PA or lateral chest radiograph

What is full inspiration on the second breath?

133

The recommended SID for chest radiography

What is 72 inches?

134

Causes involuntary motion on an AP abdominal radiograph

What is peristalsis?

135

This structure of the upper abdomen should be seen on the abdomen radiograph when the patient is upright

What is the diaphragm?

136

The central ray location for a lateral projection of the hand

What is the second metacarpophalangeal joint or MCP?

137

The process located on the medial side of the distal forearm

What is the ulnar styloid process?

138

The joint formed by the articulation of the head of a metacarpal with a digit

What is the metacarpophalangeal joint?

139

The projection of the humerus which places the humeral epicondyles perpendicular to the image receptor

What is the lateral projection?

140

The degree of rotation required for the PA oblique projection of the wrist in lateral rotation

What is 45 degrees?

141

The most anterior bony projection of the scapula

What is the coracoid process?

142

The bony part of the humerus that articulates with the glenoid cavity

What is the head of the humerus?

143

Respiration phase for the AP and AP axial projections of the clavicle

What is expiration?

144

The portion of the humerus located between the tubercles and the head

What is the anatomic neck?

145

The central ray location for AP projection of the acromioclavicular joints

What is midline of the body at the level of the AC joints?

146

The central ray location for the AP projection of the knee

What is ½ in below the apex of the patella?

147

The structure the head of the femur articulates with

What is the acetabulum?

148

The structure that is located on the distal tibia

What is the medial malleolus?

149

The most commonly performed oblique projection of the foot

What is the AP oblique in medial rotation?

150

The bone that articulates superiorly with the calcaneus

What is the talus?