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Flashcards in Final Exam Study Guide Deck (98)
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1

What two key Old Testament figures is Matthew’s genealogy is structured around?

Abraham and David

2

What does form narrative criticism study?

It treats the Gospel as a story

3

Who dominated the Sanhedrin in Jesus’ day?

Sadducees

4

Most people in the Roman Empire were from what “class?”

Lower Class

5

What is the comparison between the number of miracles in Mark’s Gospel versus the other three Gospels.

More miracles

6

Which Gospel(s) tells us anything about Jesus’ childhood?

Luke

7

Which is the only Gospel relating that at the transfiguration, Jesus, Moses, and Elijah were discussing Jesus’ coming “departure” or exodus in Jerusalem?

Luke

8

Whose Gospel places an emphasis on Jesus as the savior for all people.

Luke

9

What is a “redactor?”

An Editor

10

Whose Gospel has a larger number of Aramaic words than the other two Synoptics?

Mark

11

The healing of Jairus’s daughter is an example of which Gospel writer’s concise style?

Mark

12

At what two significant events does a voice from heaven addresses Jesus in Mark?

Baptism and Transfiguration

13

What is the Greek translation of the Hebrew Old Testament called?

Septuagint

14

Who probably established the Qumran community that produced the Dead Sea Scrolls?

The Essenes

15

Which Gospel is considered to have been written first by most NT scholars?

Mark

16

In reference to the text, what does “Synoptic” mean and what are the Synoptic Gospels?

Viewed together
Matthew, Mark, Luke

17

According to John Dominic Crossan, what did Jesus heal or cure?

Illness

18

What was the basic premise of the history of religions school?

Religious growth is evolutionary, all religions go from simple to complex

19

Who authored - The Quest for the Historical Jesus?

Albert Schweitzer

20

Who was likely the most influential New Testament scholar of the 20th century?

Rudolf Bultman

21

During what period was Historical Criticism first applied to the Bible?

Enlightenment-17th and 18th Century

22

Where have the most radical attacks on the historical Jesus in recent years (1980-90s) come from?

Participants of Jesus’ Seminar

23

Which “criteria of authenticity” claims that a saying of Jesus is authentic if it appears neither in the teaching of Judaism nor in the teaching of first-century Christianity?

Criterion of Dissimilarity

24

Is there evidence in John’s Gospel of an eyewitness accounts?

Yes

25

According to the text, did the Gospel writers feel at liberty to paraphrase, interpret or rearrange the words of Jesus or the events of his life?

Yes

26

What is the relationship do biases and presuppositions have with the writing of history?

It is impossible to have an unbabsis historian

27

Would most New Testament scholars assert that in most cases we have the exact words of Jesus?

No

28

Do all four Gospel writers follow chronological order as they report events?

No

29

How might most of the alleged contradictions between John and the Synoptics be explained? (particular themes)

Contradictions
- Length of ministry: 1 yr v. 2 or 3 (counted by Passovers mentioned)
- Cleansing temple: Syn at end of ministry, John at start
- Relationship of Lord's Supper and Jesus' death to passover

30

What was likely the language Jesus spoke?

Aramaic