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Flashcards in Finishing processes- finishes Deck (16):
1

Give examples of chemical finishes

- Stain resistance
- Water resistance
- Flame retardency
- Crease resistance

2

Why are finishes used?

To improve the performance of a material

3

What is stain resistance? (give uses)

- won't discolour if staining liquids are dropped on to the fabric
- stops the absorption of water and dirt
- stiffens fabric

4

What is water resistance? (give uses)

- repels water
- durable finish
- raincoats and umbrella

5

What is flame retardency? (give uses)

- so that it doesn't catch fire
- on children's wear
- firefighter clothing
- makes fabric stiffer and weaker

6

What is crease resistance? (give uses)

- making sure fabric doesn't crease after coming in contact with water
- results in fabric being soft and smooth
- wool

7

What are the different types of finishes?

- mechanical
- chemical
- smart

8

Give examples of mechanical finishes

- brushing
- calendering
- heat-setting

9

Give examples of smart finishes (only need to know one)

- anti-bacterial finishes
- coating
- biological finishes
- thermochromatic (need to know)

10

What is brushing? (give uses)

- Fabric passed through wire rollers which brush the fabric to leave it soft and fluffy
- cotton, nylon, polyester

11

What is calendering? (give uses)

- Heated rollers press the surface of the fabric to compact it giving it a shine
- cotton

12

What is an antibacterial finishing? (give uses)

- making sure microorganisms are killed
- used in hospitals

13

What is a biological finishing? (give uses)

- uses enzymes to change fabric's appearance
- stone washed denim effect on denim

14

What is a thermochromatic finishing? (give uses)

- change colour depending on the change in temperature
- childrens' clothes
- firefighter clothing

15

What are nanomaterials?

- self-cleaning textile surfaces or protective insulating clothing
- tiny structure
- strength
- electrical characteristics

16

Give examples of integrated electronics with textiles designs

- sensors
- light emitting garments
- roll up illuminated mat
- lights (LEDs we worked with in year 9)