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Flashcards in First Aid Deck (13):
0

3 objectives if first aid?

Prevent further injury, infection, and loss of life

1

8 fundamental elements if first aid?

1. Bleeding
2. burns
3. fractures
4. electric shock
5. obstructed airways
6. heat retaliated injuries
7. cold weather injuries
8. Shock

2

4 methods to control bleeding

1. Direct pressure
2. Elevation
3. Pressure points
4. Tourniquet

3

What is a pressure point?

Where a main artery lies superficial and over a bone

4

List some pressure points

Temporal artery. Popliteal
Facial artery. Anterior/posterior tibial
Carotid artery
Subclavian
Brachial inner upper arm
Brachial inner elbow
Radial
Femoral
Iliac

5

First degree burn

Redness warm to touch mild pain

6

2nd degree burn

Blistering extreme pain

7

3rd degree burn

Destroys tissue and adipose tissue pain not there due to burnt nerve endings

8

Closed/simple fracture

Without break in skin

9

Open/compound fracture?

Bone protrudes through skin

10

Heat related injuries?

Heat exhaustion: disturbance of blood flow to the brain, heart and lungs. Cool clammy skin, pupils dilated, sweating profusely
Heat stroke: breakdown of sweating mechanism and unable to eliminate heat from body. Hot dry skin, uneven pupils, weak rapid pulse

11

Cold weather injuries?

Hypothermia: cooling of whole body. Maybe pale and unconscious. Breathing slow and shallow, faint pulse.
Superficial frostbite: Ice crystals form on upper skin
Deep frostbite: ice crystals form in deeper layers of skin.

12

Types of shock?

Septic: bacteria releasing toxins to blood
Anaphylactic: allergic reaction
Cardiogenic: heart attack or obstruction
Hypovolemic: blood loss
Neurogenic: damage to spinal chord