Flashcards in First Aid Deck (13):
3 objectives if first aid?
Prevent further injury, infection, and loss of life
8 fundamental elements if first aid?
4. electric shock
5. obstructed airways
6. heat retaliated injuries
7. cold weather injuries
4 methods to control bleeding
1. Direct pressure
3. Pressure points
What is a pressure point?
Where a main artery lies superficial and over a bone
List some pressure points
Temporal artery. Popliteal
Facial artery. Anterior/posterior tibial
Brachial inner upper arm
Brachial inner elbow
First degree burn
Redness warm to touch mild pain
2nd degree burn
Blistering extreme pain
3rd degree burn
Destroys tissue and adipose tissue pain not there due to burnt nerve endings
Without break in skin
Bone protrudes through skin
Heat related injuries?
Heat exhaustion: disturbance of blood flow to the brain, heart and lungs. Cool clammy skin, pupils dilated, sweating profusely
Heat stroke: breakdown of sweating mechanism and unable to eliminate heat from body. Hot dry skin, uneven pupils, weak rapid pulse
Cold weather injuries?
Hypothermia: cooling of whole body. Maybe pale and unconscious. Breathing slow and shallow, faint pulse.
Superficial frostbite: Ice crystals form on upper skin
Deep frostbite: ice crystals form in deeper layers of skin.