First Aid Flashcards Preview

Lifeguarding > First Aid > Flashcards

Flashcards in First Aid Deck (48)
Loading flashcards...
1

Signs of Shock

pale, cool, clammy skin
restlessness, weakness
fear
anxiety
blue coloured lips or nails
confused
shallow/rapid breathing

2

Treatment for Shock

WARTS
Warmth
ABC's
Rest and reassurance
Treatment (what caused the shock?)
Semi-prone position

3

Airway obstruction

Signs: choking, unconscious?
Treatment: "Are you choking?", ABC's, abdominal thrusts

4

Anaphylaxis

Signs: rash, itchy, wheezing, swelling face
Treatment:
EPIPEN?
maintain open airway
check circulation, start CPR if needed
-CALL EMS
-treat for shock

5

Signs of Aspiration

coughing
raspy breathing
pain in chest
nausea
distress, anxiety

6

Treatment for aspiration

-> When liquid enters the airway
COUGH
keep open airway, CPR if needed
* Advise medical attention, can still affect them 72 hours after
Treat for shock

7

Asthma

Signs: trouble breathing, anxiety
Treatment:
Help victim into comfortable position
Help them take meds if they have any
Treat for shock

8

Hyperventilation

Over-breathing
Treatment:
Maintain open airway, CPR if needed
Treat for shock

9

Respiratory distress

Signs: over-breathing, anxiety
Treatment:
Maintain open airway, CPR if needed
Treat for shock

10

Signs of an Angina

pain, pressure on chest/shoulder
flushed face
shortness of breath
anxiety
shock

11

Treatments for Angina

Keep open airway
Contact EMS
Help victim into comfortable position (SEMI SITTING, keeps up)
Encourage victim to take meds (ASA, etc.)
Treat for shock

12

Signs of a Heart Attack

pain, pressure in chest/shoulder
pain in arms, neck, back or jaw
trouble breathing
flushed face, sweating
anxiety
rapid pulse
denial of symptoms
shock
nausea and weakness

13

Treatment of a Heart Attack

Maintain open airway
CALL EMS
Help victim into semi-sitting position
Encourage ASA tablet
Treat for shock

14

Signs of Cardiac Arrest

NO pulse
unconsciousness, unresponsive
shock
sudden onset

15

Treatment for Cardiac Arrest

CALL EMS
start CPR immediately
treat for shock

16

Signs of a stroke

head pain
lack of strength on one side
facial problems
trouble understanding speech or speaking
unequal pupils
anxiety
confused
shock

17

Treatment of a stroke

Maintain open airway, CPR if needed
CALL EMS
help victim into semi-sitting position
treat for shock

18

Bleeding

Treatment: RED
Rest affected area
Elevate body part
Direct pressure on the wound *tie knot overtop of wound*

Treat for shock
Call EMS if there is a lot of blood loss

19

Signs of Internal Abdominal Bleeding

Abdominal muscle spasm
Pain in abdomen
Trouble breathing
Shock
Anxiety
Decreased consciousness

20

Treatment for Internal Abdominal Bleeding

Maintain open airway, CPR if needed
CALL EMS
Treat for shock

21

Nosebleed

Pinch nose where soft nostril meets cartilage
Treat for shock
Contact EMS if it lasts for more than a few minutes or if it recurs

22

Head injuries

** Spinal related signs/symptoms
Maintain open airway
CALL EMS
Treat area for bleeding, swelling, bruising
Treat for shock

23

Spinal injuries

Maintain open airway
Immobilize the head and body in alignment
Treat obvious trauma
CALL EMS

24

Chest wounds

Maintain open airway
Immobilize the head and body in alignment
Treat obvious trauma
CALL EMS
Protect and support injured area
Treat for shock

25

Bites

Control bleeding
Seek medical assistance (infection)
Treat for shock

26

Eye injuries

Treat for shock
DO NOT remove object
If something is floating in eye, try flushing it out with water
If chemicals are the cause, flush eye with running water for 15 minutes
CALL EMS
Bandage eye

27

Burns

Maintain open airway
Flush burned area with col water (NOT ice)
Repeat until victim notes the heat has subsided
Treat for shock
Call EMS if the burn is big, or on the face, neck

28

2nd Degree Burns

*Blisters, redness, swelling*

Maintain open airway
Flush area with cool water (NOT ice)
Repeat until heat subsides
Apply dry, sterile dressing to wound (bandages between each finger, toe)
Treat for shock
CALL EMS

29

3rd Degree Burns

*Through skin to muscles, bones, nerves, black, grey tissue*

Maintain open airway
CALL EMS
Flush area with cool water (NOT ice)
Repeat until heat subsides
Apply dry, sterile dressing to wound (bandages between each finger, toe)
Treat for shock

30

Hypoglycemia - not enough sugar in body

Pale, cold, clammy skin
Weakness
Anxiety
Cyanosis of lips/nails
Medical ID

Treatment: Open airway, help victim take sugar, treat for shock