First Aid/Immediate Care Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in First Aid/Immediate Care Deck (18):
1

What is the chain of survival?
(4 items)

Early access
Early basic life support
Early defibrillation
Early advanced life support

2

What are the 3 roles in a first aid situation?

Responder- first on scene
Assistant- gets medical kit and another person to help
Communicator- tell cpt and get other help/doctor if possible

3

What are the principles of immediate care?
(5 points)

Asses the situation
Do no further harm
Stabilise airway, breathing and circulation
Give treatment within your skill level
Refer to medical help

4

AVPU checks for response.
It stands for...

Alert
Voice (responds to)
Pain (responds to)
Unresponsive to stimulus

5

Use the acronym AMPLE to asses medical history. It stands for...

Allergies
Medication
Past medical history
Last food or fluid intake
Extras (any other info come to light?)

6

Handover of a patient uses MIST, stands for...

Mechanism of injury
Injuries
Signs and symptoms
Treatment given

7

CPR- ration of chest compressions to breaths...

30 compressions to 2 breaths

8

Child and infant CPR requires...

5 rescue breaths
30:2 breaths to compressions

9

Nose bleed- treatment is...
For how long?

Pinch fleshy part of nose for 10 mins
Do this 3 times.
If it doesn't stop, seek medical help

10

Swelling uses the mnemonic RICE.
Stands for...

Rest
Ice
Compression
Elevation

11

Choking calls for...

5 back slaps
5 abdominal thrusts
Remember to check between each action to see if blockage has cleared.

12

A stroke is diagnosed using the mnemonic FAST. Stands for...

Facial weakness
Arms weak, esp on one side
Speech slurred
Time - get medical help asap

13

What are the 3 different bleeds?

Arterial
Veinal
Capillary

14

Signs/symptoms of shock?

Sweating
Cold clammy skin
Thirsty
Rapid weak pulse

15

3 types of burn

Superficial
Partial thickness
Full thickness

16

Signs / symptoms of a heart attack?

Chest pain
Ashen grey
Difficulty breathing
Anxiety
Tingling in fingers
Feeling of impending doom

17

Types of burns are...

Dry (flames)
Wet
Cold
Chemical
Electrical
Radiation (sunburn)

18

An infant needs CPR.
How many rescue breaths?

5