Flashcards in First Aid/Immediate Care Deck (18):
What is the chain of survival?
Early basic life support
Early advanced life support
What are the 3 roles in a first aid situation?
Responder- first on scene
Assistant- gets medical kit and another person to help
Communicator- tell cpt and get other help/doctor if possible
What are the principles of immediate care?
Asses the situation
Do no further harm
Stabilise airway, breathing and circulation
Give treatment within your skill level
Refer to medical help
AVPU checks for response.
It stands for...
Voice (responds to)
Pain (responds to)
Unresponsive to stimulus
Use the acronym AMPLE to asses medical history. It stands for...
Past medical history
Last food or fluid intake
Extras (any other info come to light?)
Handover of a patient uses MIST, stands for...
Mechanism of injury
Signs and symptoms
CPR- ration of chest compressions to breaths...
30 compressions to 2 breaths
Child and infant CPR requires...
5 rescue breaths
30:2 breaths to compressions
Nose bleed- treatment is...
For how long?
Pinch fleshy part of nose for 10 mins
Do this 3 times.
If it doesn't stop, seek medical help
Swelling uses the mnemonic RICE.
Choking calls for...
5 back slaps
5 abdominal thrusts
Remember to check between each action to see if blockage has cleared.
A stroke is diagnosed using the mnemonic FAST. Stands for...
Arms weak, esp on one side
Time - get medical help asap
What are the 3 different bleeds?
Signs/symptoms of shock?
Cold clammy skin
Rapid weak pulse
3 types of burn
Signs / symptoms of a heart attack?
Tingling in fingers
Feeling of impending doom
Types of burns are...