Flashcards in First Long Exam Deck (36):
Any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by experience or practice.
The man who worked on Classical Conditioning through the use of the Bell as a Conditioned Stimulus and a Dog as the test subject.
A response to a stimulus similar to the original Conditioned Stimulus.
Occurs when an organism learns to respond to different stimuli in different ways.
What is Extinction?
When something which is conditioned/learned(CS) is unlearned by the removal of the Uncontrolled Stimulus.
The reappearance of a previously extinguished CR
A strong Conditioned Stimulus is paired with a new neutral stimulus.
John B. Watson
Little Albert experiment on the conditioning of Albert to be scared of mice.
Learning to make voluntary responses through the effects of positive or negative consequences.
Developed the law of effect (pleasure is rewarded, and will be repeated; unpleasurable is not, and will not be repeated)
Skinners Box (Rat in the box to push down a bar to get food), where he studied Operant Conditioning
Any event or stimulus, that when following a response, increases the probability that a behavior/response will occur again.
What is Positive Reinforcement? Negative Reinforcement?
1) Addition or experience of a stimulus to increase the occurrence of a behavior
2) Removal of a stimulus to decrease the occurrence of a behavior
A type of reinforcement where every response is reinforced.
A type of reinforcement where some instances of the response are reinforced, while some are not.
Four types of Intermittent Reinforcement
Fixed and Variable Interval, and Fixed and Variable Ratio
Any event or stimulus that, when following a response, decreases the probability that the response will occur again.
Small steps toward some ultimate goal are reinforced until the goal is reached
Reinforcing each step in a sequence of behaviors
Genetically determined behavior and not under the influence of learning
Tendency to revert to genetically controlled patterns of behavior
Application of operant conditioning to bring about changes in behavior
Learning of a new behavior through the watching the actions of a model
An active system that receives info from senses, puts it to a usable form, organizes it as it stores it away, and retrieves that information from the storage.
Three Processes of Memory
Encoding, Storage, Retrieval
Models of Memory
Information-Processing Model, Paralleled Distribution Processing Model, Levels of Processing Model
First Stage of Memory in Info Processing Model
Two parts of Storage Memory
Iconic (Visual) and Echoic (Auditory)
Emotion and MOtivation, Also Psychoanalysis
Structuralism (Every experience can be broken down)
First Psych Lab and researcher of the human mind
CLASSICAL PERSPECTIVES IN PSYCH
DATA GATHERING METHODS