First Long Exam Flashcards Preview

Psych 101 (Bea Torre) > First Long Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in First Long Exam Deck (36):
1

Any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by experience or practice.

Learning

2

Ivan Pavlov

The man who worked on Classical Conditioning through the use of the Bell as a Conditioned Stimulus and a Dog as the test subject.

3

A response to a stimulus similar to the original Conditioned Stimulus.

Stimulus Generalization

4

Occurs when an organism learns to respond to different stimuli in different ways.

Stimulus Discrimination

5

What is Extinction?

When something which is conditioned/learned(CS) is unlearned by the removal of the Uncontrolled Stimulus.

6

The reappearance of a previously extinguished CR

Spontaneous Recovery

7

Higher-order Conditioning

A strong Conditioned Stimulus is paired with a new neutral stimulus.

8

John B. Watson

Little Albert experiment on the conditioning of Albert to be scared of mice.

9

Learning to make voluntary responses through the effects of positive or negative consequences.

Operant Conditioning

10

Edward Thorndike

Developed the law of effect (pleasure is rewarded, and will be repeated; unpleasurable is not, and will not be repeated)

11

B.F. Skinner

Skinners Box (Rat in the box to push down a bar to get food), where he studied Operant Conditioning

12

Any event or stimulus, that when following a response, increases the probability that a behavior/response will occur again.

Reinforcement

13

What is Positive Reinforcement? Negative Reinforcement?

1) Addition or experience of a stimulus to increase the occurrence of a behavior
2) Removal of a stimulus to decrease the occurrence of a behavior

14

A type of reinforcement where every response is reinforced.

Continuous Reinforcement

15

A type of reinforcement where some instances of the response are reinforced, while some are not.

Intermittent Reinforcement

16

Four types of Intermittent Reinforcement

Fixed and Variable Interval, and Fixed and Variable Ratio

17

Any event or stimulus that, when following a response, decreases the probability that the response will occur again.

Punishment

18

Small steps toward some ultimate goal are reinforced until the goal is reached

Shaping

19

Reinforcing each step in a sequence of behaviors

Chaining

20

Genetically determined behavior and not under the influence of learning

Instinctual Behavior

21

Tendency to revert to genetically controlled patterns of behavior

Instinctive Drift

22

Application of operant conditioning to bring about changes in behavior

Behavior Modification

23

Learning of a new behavior through the watching the actions of a model

Observational Learning

24

An active system that receives info from senses, puts it to a usable form, organizes it as it stores it away, and retrieves that information from the storage.

Memory

25

Three Processes of Memory

Encoding, Storage, Retrieval

26

Models of Memory

Information-Processing Model, Paralleled Distribution Processing Model, Levels of Processing Model

27

First Stage of Memory in Info Processing Model

Sensory

28

Two parts of Storage Memory

Iconic (Visual) and Echoic (Auditory)

29

William James

Functionalism

30

Ivan Pavlov

Classical Conditioning

31

Sigmund Freud

Emotion and MOtivation, Also Psychoanalysis

32

Titchener

Structuralism (Every experience can be broken down)

33

Wundt

First Psych Lab and researcher of the human mind

34

CLASSICAL PERSPECTIVES IN PSYCH

PBBHCSE

35

DATA GATHERING METHODS

C2LENS

36

Why is Psych a Science

it has Systematic Empiricism (5 senses to gather data), Info is open to public, and has solvable problems