First Semester Final Exam Flashcards Preview

Social Studies 8 2017 > First Semester Final Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in First Semester Final Exam Deck (37):
1

An abolitionist from KS. He is known for the Pottawatomie Creek Massacre and the Raid on Harpers Ferry.

John Brown

2

He was a Kansas Senator. He was an abolitionist known for leading the 400 person Lane’s Army of the North. He led the Jayhawkers.

James Lane

3

A Republican leader who was against the expansion of slavery. He won the Presidential election in 1860. This prompted southern states to start seceding.

Abraham Lincoln

4

A nickname given to the violence in Kansas in the 1850s over the issue of slavery.

Bleeding Kansas

5

A four part agreement that included admitting California as a free state, banning slave trade in D.C., using popular sovereignty to decide on slavery in area gained from Mexico, and creating a new Fugitive Slave Act.

Compromise of 1850

6

A case involving a slave suing for his freedom. He lost. The court determined slaves were property and had no rights of citizenship. It further determined that the federal government did not have the right to prohibit slavery.

Dred Scott v. Sandford

7

A law that allowed people in two U.S. territories to vote on the issue of slavery. They used popular sovereignty to decide whether to allow or forbid slavery.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

8

John Brown tried to seize weapons from the federal arsenal here. He failed and was put to death for treason. He had been attempting to arm slaves and lead them in a revolt.

Harpers Ferry (The Raid on Harpers Ferry)

9

A Missourian that crossed the border into Kansas to illegally vote in KS elections.

Border Ruffian

10

The location of the first shots of the Civil War being fired. The fort refused to surrender to the Confederacy. When the fort was taken, the U.S. sent troops to the South to stop the rebellion.

Fort Sumter (Charleston, South Carolina)

11

President of the Confederacy

Jefferson Davis

12

The Union General who won Western victories at places like Shiloh and Vicksburg. He was the leader who Lee surrendered to at Appomattox Court House in VA.

Ulysses S. Grant

13

Commanded Confederate troops

Robert E. Lee

14

A Confederate Bushwhacker that was known for an attack on Lawrence.

William C. Quantrill

15

A Union General known for using total war in his March Through Georgia.

William T. Sherman

16

Describe the economic impact of the Civil War.

The North and South both suffered economically during the war. The South faced more problems than the North. Inflation was one of the problems experienced.

17

This started with Lee’s invasion of the North. He moved his men into Pennsylvania and eventually encounters the Union. The end results are that the Confederacy lost and they never regained the strength they had going into the battle.

Battle of Gettysburg

18

How did the Battle of Antietam start and what was the result?

When the Union found Lee’s battle plans, they knew he was headed North into Maryland. The Union pursued him and that is how the Battle of Antietam started. The end result was Lee’s retreat and a Union victory. This results in Lincoln issuing the Emancipation Proclamation.

19

A battle that took place in Mississippi. The Union won and gained control of the Mississippi River.

The Battle of Vicksburg

20

What was the burning of Lawrence?

An attack led by William C. Quantrill. His men killed many anti-slavery men and boys in Lawrence.

21

What was the Emancipation Proclamation?

Lincoln’s declaration of freedom for slaves in the Confederate states.

22

Anti-slavery Kansans

Jayhawkers

23

Pro-slavery Missourians

Bushwhackers

24

Freedmen that moved to Kansas

Exodusters

25

The President who ended Reconstruction when he entered office.

Rutherford B. Hayes

26

Who was Andrew Johnson?

He was Lincoln’s Vice President. He replaced Lincoln after he was killed. Johnson was the first President to be impeached.

27

What is amnesty?

When the government pardons someone for wrongdoings.

28

Laws that restricted the rights of African Americans.

Black codes

29

The enforced separation of races.

Segregation

30

What does impeach mean?

To bring formal charges against a public official.

31

The amendment that abolished slavery.

13th amendment

32

This amendment defined a citizen as someone born in the U.S and said that all citizens are equally protected under the laws of the U.S. Constitution.

14th amendment

33

The amendment that gave voting rights to African American males. It said you could not deny someone the right to vote based on “color, race, or previous condition of servitude.”

15th amendment

34

Excused white voters from taking a literacy test in order to vote.

grandfather clause

35

What were Jim Crow Laws?

segregation laws

36

What was Radical Reconstruction?

The plan created by Radical Republicans during Reconstruction. The idea was to limit the power of former Confederates and give rights to African Americans.

37

What was sharecropping?

The idea of working for a landowner to plant and harvest crops in exchange for a share of the profits from the crop.