(noun) the cause of serious pain and suffering, or a state of such suffering
Some people consider blindness an affliction, but to others it is just a challenge.
Other forms: Melanie was afflicted (verb) with a rare bone disease.
(adj) shining, bright; giving off light or energySynonyms: beaming, brilliant, glowingAntonyms: cloudy, dark, dim
(adj) unfinished; remaining to be decided
Synonyms: forthcoming, undetermined
The debate team lost this round because their argument was filled with (acclaimed OR flawed) logic.
(adj) of very little importance or value
Stop asking ______questions and ask me something that matters!
Synonyms: insignificant, commonplace
Antonyms: valuable, worthwhile
Jarrod would have loved to come to your party, but he had a _____ commitment on the other side of town.
(adj) earlier, formerBecause of a prior delay , the trains were all running late.Antonyms: after, later
(verb) to make speechless with amazementAl was dumbfounded when she found out she had won the lottery .Synonyms: astonish, bewilder, stun
(adj) unable to read or writeThough he could read a few basic signs and words, Mark was basically illiterate.Other forms: The problem of illiteracy (noun) is very real, even in America.
(adj) strong or healthy
The third little pig was the smartest because he built a ___house made out of bricks.
Antonyms: weak, soft
(noun) fruit of the family that includes oranges, lemons, grapefruits, and limesIf you drive through parts of Florida, you can gaze at beautiful citrus trees.Other forms: Citrus or citrusy are adjectives: This soda has a very citrusy taste.
(adj) strong or healthy
The third little pig was the smartest because he built a robust house made out of bricks.
Antonyms: weak, soft
(adj) useless; unsuccessful
Synonyms: ineffective, futile
Antonyms: productive, successful
(adj) not willing to believe something
I tried to tell Becky about my 8-foot-tall boyfriend, but she was ___and didn’t think I was telling the truth .
Synonyms: cynical, skeptical
Antonyms: credulous, gullible
(adj) difficult to perceive, barely observable; delicateThe chicken had a very subtle apple flavor to it.Synonyms: faintAntonyms: obvious, blatantOther forms: To tell someone they made a big mistake without hurting their feelings requires somesubtlety (noun).
(adj) partly open
(verb) 1. to turn away 2. to prevent1.
When Simone saw something gross on the TV, she always averted her eyes.
2. The two powerful countries barely averted a terrible war.
Synonyms: avoid, deter
(verb) to speed up, or to cause to speed up
You can accelerate a plant’s growth by using fertilizers.
Other forms: A car with good acceleration (noun) can go from zero to 60 miles per hour in less thansix seconds.
If you want to learn another language quickly, you can take an accelerated (adj) class.
Deanna ran a respectable campaign for class president, but her opponent ran a(n) (vicious OR acrid)one full of attacks and dirty tricks.
(adj) unfinished; remaining to be decidedThe school was all talking about the pending decision on whether students would be allowed to weartank tops.Synonyms: forthcoming, undeterminedOther forms: Pending can also be a preposition: I will be the new king, pending King Arthur’s return.
(noun) doubt; the state of being unsureLocked in his uncertainty about whom he wanted to ask to the dance, Juan waited too long and had togo alone.Synonyms: indecision, ambiguityAntonyms: certainty, surenessOther forms: Juan was uncertain (adj) he wanted to go to the dance at all.
(adj) of, or relating to, dogsEven though Snuffles is a cat, she shows a canine-like loyalty to me.Other forms: Canine can also be a noun meaning “a dog” or “the four pointy teeth that many animals(including humans) have”: When the canine opened his mouth, I could see his sharp canines.
perceive (verb) to become aware of through any of the senses, especially sight or hearingGazing through the mist, the elf could just barely perceive the enemy army marching toward him.Synonyms: discern, spotOther forms: If you are perceptive (adj) and show a lot of perception (noun), you demonstrate that youare fully aware of what’s going on .
(noun) approval or loud applauseThe young rapper performed his first show in Los Angeles to great acclaim.Antonyms: criticism, disapprovalOther forms: Acclaim can also be a verb meaning “to praise strongly or applaud loudly,” as in: The newspaper acclaimed the rock star’s show.
Raul has been arguing with me all morning about the dumbest things; I wonder why he’s so (dumbfounded OR peevish).
This morning a strange _____ occurred in Ms. Orso’s class when Brian walked in to find his desk filled with pudding.
(verb) to desire something eagerly, especially something important or in the futureBeyoncé always aspired to be a singer, but she never knew she’d become an actress as well.Synonyms: yearn, long forOther forms: Even though Jojoba was young, he had lots of big aspirations (noun).
Not yet resolved, Allysa’s _____ court case was making it hard for her to find a job.
(adj) possible; capable of being or becomingThere are many potential uses for solar energy, but we don’t use much of it today.Synonyms: imaginable, probableOther forms: Potential can also be a noun meaning “possibility.” It’s usually used in a positive way,like: I see a lot of potential in these new phones that can play movies.
(noun) a distant view or prospectFrom the top of the tower, you can gaze out at the amazing vista.Synonyms: outlook, panorama
(adj) useless, unsuccessfulDevon made a fruitless attempt to hit a half-court shot for $1,000.Synonyms: ineffective, futileAntonyms: productive, successfulOther forms: I searched for my cat fruitlessly (adverb) for many days before realizing the fruitlessness (noun) of the situation.
I know you believe you were kidnapped by aliens, but I think it’s all just a _____ of your imagination.
The warlord told his troops to continue attacking until the enemy was completely _____.
(verb) to move back suddenly as though in pain or fear Having cut his arm pretty badly, Wade _____whenever he accidentally touched it. Synonyms: flinch, recoil
(verb) to speed up, or to cause to speed upYou can ________ a plant’s growth by using fertilizers. Antonyms: decelerate Other forms: A car with good acceleration (noun) can go from zero to 60 miles per hour in less than six seconds. If you want to learn another language quickly, you can take an accelerated (adj) class.
(noun) something that happens in real life or in a story; an event, sometimes one that is a slight problemSynonyms: occurrence
When I first got my pet ferret he was pretty wild, but he’s become much more (docile OR gaudy) in his old age.
(verb) to put out, extinguish; to satisfyIf I’ve been at cheerleading practice and I’m thirsty, for some reason milk just doesn’t quenchmy thirst.Synonyms: put down, relieveAntonyms: start
(noun) a person who becomes dependent on something that is habit-forming, like a drug oran activityKyle was a shoe addict: He owned more than 20 pairs!Synonyms: fanatic, fiendOther forms: Many types of drugs can be addictive (adj); you can even get addicted (verb) to thecaffeine in coffee. Addictions (noun) can be very serious and sometimes extremely harmful.
(adj) 1. balanced or ready for action 2. calm and controlled1. The superhero, poised on the edge of the cliff, suddenly jumped into action.2. Even though everyone was yelling insults at the star, she remained poised.Synonyms: self-confident, self-assuredOther forms: Jason showed a lot of poise (noun) when he saved that kid.
(adj) shining, bright; giving off light or energyDuring the day, the sun is the most radiant star in the sky.Synonyms: beaming, brilliant, glowingAntonyms: cloudy, dark, dimOther forms: The young actress seemed to glow radiantly (adverb) when she walked down the red carpet, but the photos couldn’t capture the radiance (noun) of her expression.
(adj) evil, spiteful; painfully severe or extremeCarrie was nice to Julie’s face, but then she’d spread vicious lies behind her back.Synonyms: savage, cruel, malicious
(verb) to pound or beat rapidly or violently; to pulsate or vibrateI had a terrible headache and my head started to ______. Other forms: At the dance club, I was overwhelmed by the smoke and the bright, throbbing (adj) lights.
(verb) to let someone know; to informWhen we lost our dog, we went from house to house and notified all the neighbors.Other forms: I was sad when my family received official notification (noun) that we would have to leaveour home.
1. (verb) to break or burst 2. (noun) the act of breaking or bursting1. He had to go to the hospital because he ruptured his appendix.2. The storm caused a big rupture in the dam.
(verb) to move back suddenly as though in pain or fearHaving cut his arm pretty badly, Wade winced whenever he accidentally touched it.Synonyms: flinch, recoil
1. (verb) to break or burst 2. (noun) the act of breaking or bursting1. He had to go to the hospital because he _____his appendix. 2. The storm caused a big ______in the dam.
(adj) much more than enough; extravagantInstead of a normal dinner, we had a lavish feast for my birthday.Synonyms: abundant, splendid, luxuriantOther forms: Lavish can also be a verb meaning “to give freely or generously,” as in: Trish’s aunt always lavished (verb) gifts on her.
(noun) a big noisy fight, often involving lots of peopleUnfortunately, the concert was cancelled when a brawl broke out in the back.Other forms: Brawl can also be a verb meaning “to fight noisily,” as in: The hockey players brawled forfive minutes before the refs could break up the fight.
The beautiful young bride flashed an _____ smile at her husband as they walked happily along the beach.
(verb) to gain ownership of something; to obtain by one’s own actionsOnly once he became the spokesperson for a brand of cereal could the rapper finally acquire theyellow sports car he always wanted.Synonyms: obtainAntonyms: lose, forfeit
perceive (verb) to become aware of through any of the senses, especially sight or hearingGazing through the mist, the elf could just barely _____the enemy army marching toward him. Synonyms: discern, spot Other forms: If you are perceptive (adj) and show a lot of perception (noun), you demonstrate that you are fully aware of what’s going on .
(adj) of very little importance or valueStop asking trivial questions and ask me something that matters!Synonyms: insignificant, commonplace Antonyms: valuable, worthwhile
(adj) partly openIf you leave the door ajar in the summertime, mosquitoes will end up in your kitchen.Other forms: Ajar can also be used as an adverb: The door was standing ajar.
(adj) earlier, formerAntonyms: after, later
I knew what I was getting for my birthday because my mom left the door slightly _____ when she was wrapping my presents.
(verb) to surprise or amaze people into a state of shock Nina was ___to learn that her bus driver was actually 104 years old. Synonyms: astound Antonyms: bore
(adj) poisonous; causing harmDon’t drink laundry detergent: It’s toxic!Antonyms: harmlessOther forms: Toxic is sometimes used as a noun: Many cleaning supplies, like laundry detergent,are toxics .
(adj) 1. having the power to attract 2. being able to attract iron1. Ronda has a magnetic personality, which is probably why she’s so popular. 2. Some metals aremore magnetic than others.Synonyms: alluringAntonyms: uninteresting, repellentOther forms: My fridge is covered in magnets (noun).
Eileen’s first attempt to get concert tickets was _____ , but she may be able to buy them from someone on Craigslist.
(noun) a story of heroic exploits; a long, detailed accountI can tell you the saga of Harriet Tubman’s life, but it might take a while.Synonyms: tale, history, epic
(verb) to surprise or amaze people into a state of shockNina was flabbergasted to learn that her bus driver was actually 104 years old.Synonyms: astound Antonyms: bore
(verb) to make or become less in amount or intensity We waited for the storm to ______ before we went outside. Synonyms: lessen, decrease Antonyms: increase, amplify
(adj) cautious and watchful; careful of dangerIn certain cities, you need to be wary of thieves who might try to pick your pocket.Synonyms: alert, suspiciousAntonyms: careless
(noun) a quick or clever replyI was silent when Wayne made fun of me, but later that night I thought of lots of clever retorts.Other forms: Retort can also be a verb, as in: “At least I’m not a fool,” my sister retorted.
(adj) silent or gloomy because of anger or resentmentAfter finding out that they weren’t going to stop and get ice cream, the toddler became sullen andfrowned quietly.Synonyms: glum, frowningAntonyms: cheerful
(verb) to let someone know; to informWhen we lost our dog, we went from house to house and ____all the neighbors. Other forms: I was sad when my family received official notification (noun) that we would have to leave our home.
Jake completely forgot to study for the math test, and now he’s filled with _____ about his grade.
(adj) having a very bad reputation; famous for something evilOne of the most infamous killers in New York City history was “Son of Sam.”Synonyms: notoriousAntonyms: well-liked, belovedOther forms: Al Capone got a lot of infamy (noun) from running a powerful gang in Chicago.
(adj) not willing to believe somethingI tried to tell Becky about my 8-foot-tall boyfriend, but she was incredulous and didn’t think I wastelling the truth .Synonyms: cynical, skeptical Antonyms: credulous, gullible
(adj) too flashy and showyThat shirt covered with all those different colored jewels is gaudy.Synonyms: garishAntonyms: understated, subtle
(verb) to make something happen or come into being as though by magicThe basketball captain announced that the team would have to conjure up $200 this year to pay foruniforms.Synonyms: summonOther forms: A conjurer (noun) is a magician who makes things appear.
(noun) 1. the force that makes objects fall toward the center of the Earth (or any other largemass) 2. seriousness1. There is less gravity on the moon, so astronauts have been able to hop along the surface likekangaroos. 2. Chloe didn’t realize the gravity of her dad’s illness until he was rushed to the hospital.Synonyms: 2. importance, severityAntonyms: 2. unimportance, sillinessOther forms: With so much gravitation (noun), Jupiter sucked the space ship into its gravitational (adj)field. As a verb, gravitate can mean “to be naturally drawn toward/attracted to”:I don’t tend to gravitate(verb) toward science, though; I prefer history.
Sit down and I will tell you the _____ of Thorak, the ancient hero who saved the world from the mighty dragon.
(adj) well behaved; easy to handleDolphins are some of the most docile creatures on Earth.Antonyms: headstrong, stubborn, uncooperative
The perfume had a strong _____ smell that reminded me of lemons and oranges.
(verb) to destroy completely; to leave in utter ruinThe nuclear bomb annihilated the city.Synonyms: massacre, obliterateAntonyms: help, preserveOther forms: Anyone who challenges me to a dance competition faces total annihilation (noun).
(adj) gloomy, harsh, and frighteningWar is a grim business. Synonyms: dreadful, savage, frightful Antonyms: mild, delightful
(verb) to destroy completely; to leave in utter ruinSynonyms: massacre, obliterateAntonyms: help, preserve
The ballerina was _____ and confident as she waited for the orchestra to begin the first number.
(adj) sharp, irritating, or bitter to the sense of taste or smellI thought the crab apples would be delicious, but they tasted extremely acrid instead.Synonyms: pungent, sharp
(adj) gloomy, harsh, and frighteningWar is a ____business. Synonyms: dreadful, savage, frightful Antonyms: mild, delightful
(adj) needing fast action or attentionRory ran out of homeroom with an urgent note for his friend Camille.Synonyms: critical, pressingOther forms: An intense person, Kiki brought an urgency (noun) to everything she did.
Today our class got a special visit from Officer Janowski and his dog Bilbo from the police department’s _____ unit.
(noun) a troublemaker; someone who encourages others to rebelTony tried to get Lisa kicked off the school paper staff because he thought she was a firebrand.Synonyms: rebel, agitator
(adj) showing annoyance or irritation; being in a bad moodBecause my dad didn’t get enough sleep last night, he was peevish all day.Synonyms: irritable, grumpyAntonyms: friendly, pleasant
(adj) having a very bad reputation; famous for something evil Synonyms: notoriousAntonyms: well-liked, beloved
(noun) 1. a group of people trained to sing together 2. the part of a song that’s repeated aftereach verse1. The chorus was invited to sing at the White House. 2. The chorus to that song is so catchy!Synonyms: 1. choir 2. hookOther forms: Some choral (adj) concerts are pretty amazing.
(noun) fruit of the family that includes oranges, lemons, grapefruits, and limes
(adj) sudden or unexpectedWe made an abrupt change of plans when we realized we had no money.
(verb) to make or become less in amount or intensityWe waited for the storm to abate before we went outside.Synonyms: lessen, decreaseAntonyms: increase, amplify
(verb) to pound or beat rapidly or violently; to pulsate or vibrateI had a terrible headache and my head started to throb.Other forms: At the dance club, I was overwhelmed by the smoke and the bright,throbbing (adj) lights.
(adj) not normalKane is a nice guy, but he has some really abnormal habits.Synonyms: unusual, unique
(adj) 1. balanced or ready for action 2. calm and controlled Synonyms: self-confident, self-assured
(noun) a slight fault; a defectBecause of a flaw in the stitching, my shirt started falling apart very quickly.Other forms: Something with a flaw is flawed (adj).
braggart humble person
(adj) of, or relating to, dogs
(adj) not normalKane is a nice guy, but he has some really ________ habits. Synonyms: unusual, unique
(noun) someone who brags a lotKylie was so into herself; she was such a braggart.Other forms: Braggart can also be used as an adjective: The braggart general could talk all night about himself.
A good politician should be able to talk about her accomplishments without sounding like a(braggart OR retort).
(noun) doubt; the state of being unsureSynonyms: indecision, ambiguityAntonyms: certainty, sureness
(adj) sudden or unexpectedWe made an ____ change of plans when we realized we had no money.
(verb) 1. to turn away 2. to preventSynonyms: avoid, deter
(noun) something that happens in real life or in a story; an event, sometimes one that is a slight problemBecause of the incident with my exploding can of Pepsi, Lauren never invites me to her parties anymore.Synonyms: occurrence
(noun) joy, fun, and laughterThere was so much mirth around the Thanksgiving table; everyone seemed to be smiling and enjoyingthemselves.Synonyms: glee, hilarityAntonyms: sadness, distress
It was hard to _____ my eyes from the man sitting at the table next to us; he must have been at least seven feet tall!
(noun) something that is made up in the mind but has no connection to realityYou think she likes you? Ha! That’s just a figment of your imagination.Synonyms: dream, fantasyAntonyms: reality
The banker became _____ around the world after he stole billions of dollars from his clients.
(noun) the cause of serious pain and suffering, or a state of such sufferingSome people consider blindness an _______, but to others it is just a challenge. Other forms: Melanie was afflicted (verb) with a rare bone disease.
(noun) something that is made up in the mind but has no connection to realitySynonyms: dream, fantasyAntonyms: reality
(noun) a story of heroic exploits; a long, detailed accountSynonyms: tale, history, epic