Flocabulary 1-4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Flocabulary 1-4 Deck (126):
1

affliction

(noun) the cause of serious pain and suffering, or a state of such suffering

Some people consider blindness an affliction, but to others it is just a challenge.

Other forms: Melanie was afflicted (verb) with a rare bone disease.

1

(adj) shining, bright; giving off light or energySynonyms: beaming, brilliant, glowingAntonyms: cloudy, dark, dim 

radiant

2

(adj) unfinished; remaining to be decided

Synonyms: forthcoming, undetermined 

pending

2

The debate team lost this round because their argument was filled with (acclaimed OR flawed) logic.

flawed

3

(adj) of very little importance or value

Stop asking ______questions and ask me something that matters!

Synonyms: insignificant, commonplace

Antonyms: valuable, worthwhile

trivial

3

Jarrod would have loved to come to your party, but he had a _____ commitment on the other side of town.

prior

3

prior

(adj) earlier, formerBecause of a prior delay , the trains were all running late.Antonyms: after, later

3

dumbfound

(verb) to make speechless with amazementAl was dumbfounded when she found out she had won the lottery .Synonyms: astonish, bewilder, stun

3

illiterate

(adj) unable to read or writeThough he could read a few basic signs and words, Mark was basically illiterate.Other forms: The problem of illiteracy (noun) is very real, even in America.

4

(adj) strong or healthy

The third little pig was the smartest because he built a ___house made out of bricks.

Antonyms: weak, soft

robust

4

citrus

(noun) fruit of the family that includes oranges, lemons, grapefruits, and limesIf you drive through parts of Florida, you can gaze at beautiful citrus trees.Other forms: Citrus or citrusy are adjectives: This soda has a very citrusy taste.

5

robust

(adj) strong or healthy

The third little pig was the smartest because he built a robust house made out of bricks.

Antonyms: weak, soft

6

(adj) useless; unsuccessful

Synonyms: ineffective, futile

Antonyms: productive, successful 

fruitless

7

(adj) not willing to believe something

I tried to tell Becky about my 8-foot-tall boyfriend, but she was ___and didn’t think I was telling the truth .

Synonyms: cynical, skeptical

Antonyms: credulous, gullible

incredulous

7

subtle

(adj) difficult to perceive, barely observable; delicateThe chicken had a very subtle apple flavor to it.Synonyms: faintAntonyms: obvious, blatantOther forms: To tell someone they made a big mistake without hurting their feelings requires somesubtlety (noun).

7

(adj) partly open 

ajar

8

avert

(verb) 1. to turn away 2. to prevent1.

When Simone saw something gross on the TV, she always averted her eyes.

2. The two powerful countries barely averted a terrible war.

Synonyms: avoid, deter

9

accelerate

(verb) to speed up, or to cause to speed up

You can accelerate a plant’s growth by using fertilizers.

Antonyms: decelerate

Other forms: A car with good acceleration (noun) can go from zero to 60 miles per hour in less thansix seconds.

If you want to learn another language quickly, you can take an accelerated (adj) class.

9

Deanna ran a respectable campaign for class president, but her opponent ran a(n) (vicious OR acrid)one full of attacks and dirty tricks.

vicious

9

defect flaw

synonym

10

pending

(adj) unfinished; remaining to be decidedThe school was all talking about the pending decision on whether students would be allowed to weartank tops.Synonyms: forthcoming, undeterminedOther forms: Pending can also be a preposition: I will be the new king, pending King Arthur’s return.

11

uncertainty

(noun) doubt; the state of being unsureLocked in his uncertainty about whom he wanted to ask to the dance, Juan waited too long and had togo alone.Synonyms: indecision, ambiguityAntonyms: certainty, surenessOther forms: Juan was uncertain (adj) he wanted to go to the dance at all.

12

canine

(adj) of, or relating to, dogsEven though Snuffles is a cat, she shows a canine-like loyalty to me.Other forms: Canine can also be a noun meaning “a dog” or “the four pointy teeth that many animals(including humans) have”: When the canine opened his mouth, I could see his sharp canines.

13

perceive

perceive (verb) to become aware of through any of the senses, especially sight or hearingGazing through the mist, the elf could just barely perceive the enemy army marching toward him.Synonyms: discern, spotOther forms: If you are perceptive (adj) and show a lot of perception (noun), you demonstrate that youare fully aware of what’s going on .

13

acclaim

(noun) approval or loud applauseThe young rapper performed his first show in Los Angeles to great acclaim.Antonyms: criticism, disapprovalOther forms: Acclaim can also be a verb meaning “to praise strongly or applaud loudly,” as in: The newspaper acclaimed the rock star’s show.

13

Raul has been arguing with me all morning about the dumbest things; I wonder why he’s so (dumbfounded OR peevish).

peevish

15

This morning a strange _____ occurred in Ms. Orso’s class when Brian walked in to find his desk filled with pudding.

incident

16

aspire

(verb) to desire something eagerly, especially something important or in the futureBeyoncé always aspired to be a singer, but she never knew she’d become an actress as well.Synonyms: yearn, long forOther forms: Even though Jojoba was young, he had lots of big aspirations (noun).

17

Not yet resolved, Allysa’s _____ court case was making it hard for her to find a job.

pending

17

potential

(adj) possible; capable of being or becomingThere are many potential uses for solar energy, but we don’t use much of it today.Synonyms: imaginable, probableOther forms: Potential can also be a noun meaning “possibility.” It’s usually used in a positive way,like: I see a lot of potential in these new phones that can play movies.

17

vista

(noun) a distant view or prospectFrom the top of the tower, you can gaze out at the amazing vista.Synonyms: outlook, panorama

18

fruitless

(adj) useless, unsuccessfulDevon made a fruitless attempt to hit a half-court shot for $1,000.Synonyms: ineffective, futileAntonyms: productive, successfulOther forms: I searched for my cat fruitlessly (adverb) for many days before realizing the fruitlessness (noun) of the situation.

18

I know you believe you were kidnapped by aliens, but I think it’s all just a _____ of your imagination.

figment

18

The warlord told his troops to continue attacking until the enemy was completely _____.

annihilated

20

acrid sweet

antonym

23

(verb) to move back suddenly as though in pain or fear Having cut his arm pretty badly, Wade _____whenever he accidentally touched it. Synonyms: flinch, recoil

wince

24

(verb) to speed up, or to cause to speed upYou can ________ a plant’s growth by using fertilizers. Antonyms: decelerate Other forms: A car with good acceleration (noun) can go from zero to 60 miles per hour in less than six seconds. If you want to learn another language quickly, you can take an accelerated (adj) class.

accelerate

25

(noun) something that happens in real life or in a story; an event, sometimes one that is a slight problemSynonyms: occurrence

incident

27

When I first got my pet ferret he was pretty wild, but he’s become much more (docile OR gaudy) in his old age.

docile

28

quench

(verb) to put out, extinguish; to satisfyIf I’ve been at cheerleading practice and I’m thirsty, for some reason milk just doesn’t quenchmy thirst.Synonyms: put down, relieveAntonyms: start

29

addict

(noun) a person who becomes dependent on something that is habit-forming, like a drug oran activityKyle was a shoe addict: He owned more than 20 pairs!Synonyms: fanatic, fiendOther forms: Many types of drugs can be addictive (adj); you can even get addicted (verb) to thecaffeine in coffee. Addictions (noun) can be very serious and sometimes extremely harmful.

30

poised

(adj) 1. balanced or ready for action 2. calm and controlled1. The superhero, poised on the edge of the cliff, suddenly jumped into action.2. Even though everyone was yelling insults at the star, she remained poised.Synonyms: self-confident, self-assuredOther forms: Jason showed a lot of poise (noun) when he saved that kid.

31

radiant

(adj) shining, bright; giving off light or energyDuring the day, the sun is the most radiant star in the sky.Synonyms: beaming, brilliant, glowingAntonyms: cloudy, dark, dimOther forms: The young actress seemed to glow radiantly (adverb) when she walked down the red carpet, but the photos couldn’t capture the radiance (noun) of her expression.

32

vicious

(adj) evil, spiteful; painfully severe or extremeCarrie was nice to Julie’s face, but then she’d spread vicious lies behind her back.Synonyms: savage, cruel, malicious

34

(verb) to pound or beat rapidly or violently; to pulsate or vibrateI had a terrible headache and my head started to ______. Other forms: At the dance club, I was overwhelmed by the smoke and the bright, throbbing (adj) lights.

throb

36

notify

(verb) to let someone know; to informWhen we lost our dog, we went from house to house and notified all the neighbors.Other forms: I was sad when my family received official notification (noun) that we would have to leaveour home.

36

peevish pleasant

antonym

37

rupture

1. (verb) to break or burst 2. (noun) the act of breaking or bursting1. He had to go to the hospital because he ruptured his appendix.2. The storm caused a big rupture in the dam.

37

wince

(verb) to move back suddenly as though in pain or fearHaving cut his arm pretty badly, Wade winced whenever he accidentally touched it.Synonyms: flinch, recoil

38

1. (verb) to break or burst 2. (noun) the act of breaking or bursting1. He had to go to the hospital because he _____his appendix. 2. The storm caused a big ______in the dam.

rupture

39

dumbfound astonish

synonym

40

lavish

(adj) much more than enough; extravagantInstead of a normal dinner, we had a lavish feast for my birthday.Synonyms: abundant, splendid, luxuriantOther forms: Lavish can also be a verb meaning “to give freely or generously,” as in: Trish’s aunt always lavished (verb) gifts on her.

41

brawl

(noun) a big noisy fight, often involving lots of peopleUnfortunately, the concert was cancelled when a brawl broke out in the back.Other forms: Brawl can also be a verb meaning “to fight noisily,” as in: The hockey players brawled forfive minutes before the refs could break up the fight.

42

The beautiful young bride flashed an _____ smile at her husband as they walked happily along the beach.

radiant

42

potential promise

synonym

43

acquire

(verb) to gain ownership of something; to obtain by one’s own actionsOnly once he became the spokesperson for a brand of cereal could the rapper finally acquire theyellow sports car he always wanted.Synonyms: obtainAntonyms: lose, forfeit

44

perceive (verb) to become aware of through any of the senses, especially sight or hearingGazing through the mist, the elf could just barely _____the enemy army marching toward him. Synonyms: discern, spot Other forms: If you are perceptive (adj) and show a lot of perception (noun), you demonstrate that you are fully aware of what’s going on .

perceive

45

trivial

(adj) of very little importance or valueStop asking trivial questions and ask me something that matters!Synonyms: insignificant, commonplace Antonyms: valuable, worthwhile

45

ajar

(adj) partly openIf you leave the door ajar in the summertime, mosquitoes will end up in your kitchen.Other forms: Ajar can also be used as an adverb: The door was standing ajar.

47

brawl fight

synonym

49

(adj) earlier, formerAntonyms: after, later

prior

49

I knew what I was getting for my birthday because my mom left the door slightly _____ when she was wrapping my presents.

ajar

50

(verb) to surprise or amaze people into a state of shock Nina was ___to learn that her bus driver was actually 104 years old. Synonyms: astound Antonyms: bore

flabbergast

51

toxic

(adj) poisonous; causing harmDon’t drink laundry detergent: It’s toxic!Antonyms: harmlessOther forms: Toxic is sometimes used as a noun: Many cleaning supplies, like laundry detergent,are toxics .

52

magnetic

(adj) 1. having the power to attract 2. being able to attract iron1. Ronda has a magnetic personality, which is probably why she’s so popular. 2. Some metals aremore magnetic than others.Synonyms: alluringAntonyms: uninteresting, repellentOther forms: My fridge is covered in magnets (noun).

54

docile wild

antonym

55

Eileen’s first attempt to get concert tickets was _____ , but she may be able to buy them from someone on Craigslist.

fruitless

57

saga

(noun) a story of heroic exploits; a long, detailed accountI can tell you the saga of Harriet Tubman’s life, but it might take a while.Synonyms: tale, history, epic

59

flabbergast

(verb) to surprise or amaze people into a state of shockNina was flabbergasted to learn that her bus driver was actually 104 years old.Synonyms: astound Antonyms: bore

60

(verb) to make or become less in amount or intensity We waited for the storm to ______ before we went outside. Synonyms: lessen, decrease Antonyms: increase, amplify

abate

61

wary

(adj) cautious and watchful; careful of dangerIn certain cities, you need to be wary of thieves who might try to pick your pocket.Synonyms: alert, suspiciousAntonyms: careless

62

retort

(noun) a quick or clever replyI was silent when Wayne made fun of me, but later that night I thought of lots of clever retorts.Other forms: Retort can also be a verb, as in: “At least I’m not a fool,” my sister retorted.

63

sullen

(adj) silent or gloomy because of anger or resentmentAfter finding out that they weren’t going to stop and get ice cream, the toddler became sullen andfrowned quietly.Synonyms: glum, frowningAntonyms: cheerful

64

(verb) to let someone know; to informWhen we lost our dog, we went from house to house and ____all the neighbors. Other forms: I was sad when my family received official notification (noun) that we would have to leave our home.

notify

66

Jake completely forgot to study for the math test, and now he’s filled with _____ about his grade.

uncertainty

67

infamous

(adj) having a very bad reputation; famous for something evilOne of the most infamous killers in New York City history was “Son of Sam.”Synonyms: notoriousAntonyms: well-liked, belovedOther forms: Al Capone got a lot of infamy (noun) from running a powerful gang in Chicago.

69

incredulous

(adj) not willing to believe somethingI tried to tell Becky about my 8-foot-tall boyfriend, but she was incredulous and didn’t think I wastelling the truth .Synonyms: cynical, skeptical Antonyms: credulous, gullible

70

gaudy

(adj) too flashy and showyThat shirt covered with all those different colored jewels is gaudy.Synonyms: garishAntonyms: understated, subtle

71

conjure

(verb) to make something happen or come into being as though by magicThe basketball captain announced that the team would have to conjure up $200 this year to pay foruniforms.Synonyms: summonOther forms: A conjurer (noun) is a magician who makes things appear.

71

gravity

(noun) 1. the force that makes objects fall toward the center of the Earth (or any other largemass) 2. seriousness1. There is less gravity on the moon, so astronauts have been able to hop along the surface likekangaroos. 2. Chloe didn’t realize the gravity of her dad’s illness until he was rushed to the hospital.Synonyms: 2. importance, severityAntonyms: 2. unimportance, sillinessOther forms: With so much gravitation (noun), Jupiter sucked the space ship into its gravitational (adj)field. As a verb, gravitate can mean “to be naturally drawn toward/attracted to”:I don’t tend to gravitate(verb) toward science, though; I prefer history.

73

Sit down and I will tell you the _____ of Thorak, the ancient hero who saved the world from the mighty dragon.

saga

75

docile

(adj) well behaved; easy to handleDolphins are some of the most docile creatures on Earth.Antonyms: headstrong, stubborn, uncooperative

76

lavish  extravagant

synonym

77

The perfume had a strong _____ smell that reminded me of lemons and oranges.

citrus

78

annihilate

(verb) to destroy completely; to leave in utter ruinThe nuclear bomb annihilated the city.Synonyms: massacre, obliterateAntonyms: help, preserveOther forms: Anyone who challenges me to a dance competition faces total annihilation (noun).

79

grim

(adj) gloomy, harsh, and frighteningWar is a grim business. Synonyms: dreadful, savage, frightful Antonyms: mild, delightful

80

(verb) to destroy completely; to leave in utter ruinSynonyms: massacre, obliterateAntonyms: help, preserve 

annihilate

81

The ballerina was _____ and confident as she waited for the orchestra to begin the first number.

poised

82

acrid

(adj) sharp, irritating, or bitter to the sense of taste or smellI thought the crab apples would be delicious, but they tasted extremely acrid instead.Synonyms: pungent, sharp

83

(adj) gloomy, harsh, and frighteningWar is a ____business. Synonyms: dreadful, savage, frightful Antonyms: mild, delightful

grim

84

urgent

(adj) needing fast action or attentionRory ran out of homeroom with an urgent note for his friend Camille.Synonyms: critical, pressingOther forms: An intense person, Kiki brought an urgency (noun) to everything she did.

85

Today our class got a special visit from Officer Janowski and his dog Bilbo from the police department’s _____ unit.

canine

87

vicious savage

synonym

89

firebrand

(noun) a troublemaker; someone who encourages others to rebelTony tried to get Lisa kicked off the school paper staff because he thought she was a firebrand.Synonyms: rebel, agitator

90

peevish

(adj) showing annoyance or irritation; being in a bad moodBecause my dad didn’t get enough sleep last night, he was peevish all day.Synonyms: irritable, grumpyAntonyms: friendly, pleasant

91

(adj) having a very bad reputation; famous for something evil Synonyms: notoriousAntonyms: well-liked, beloved 

infamous

92

chorus

(noun) 1. a group of people trained to sing together 2. the part of a song that’s repeated aftereach verse1. The chorus was invited to sing at the White House. 2. The chorus to that song is so catchy!Synonyms: 1. choir 2. hookOther forms: Some choral (adj) concerts are pretty amazing.

94

(noun) fruit of the family that includes oranges, lemons, grapefruits, and limes 

citrus

95

abrubt

(adj) sudden or unexpectedWe made an abrupt change of plans when we realized we had no money.

96

vicious kind

antonym

97

abate

(verb) to make or become less in amount or intensityWe waited for the storm to abate before we went outside.Synonyms: lessen, decreaseAntonyms: increase, amplify

98

throb

(verb) to pound or beat rapidly or violently; to pulsate or vibrateI had a terrible headache and my head started to throb.Other forms: At the dance club, I was overwhelmed by the smoke and the bright,throbbing (adj) lights.

99

abnormal

(adj) not normalKane is a nice guy, but he has some really abnormal habits.Synonyms: unusual, unique

101

(adj) 1. balanced or ready for action 2. calm and controlled Synonyms: self-confident, self-assured 

poised

102

flaw

(noun) a slight fault; a defectBecause of a flaw in the stitching, my shirt started falling apart very quickly.Other forms: Something with a flaw is flawed (adj).

104

acclaim disapproval

antonym

105

braggart humble person

antonym

106

(adj) of, or relating to, dogs 

canine

107

retort comeback

synonym

108

gaudy subtle

antonym

110

(adj) not normalKane is a nice guy, but he has some really ________ habits. Synonyms: unusual, unique

abnormal

111

braggart

(noun) someone who brags a lotKylie was so into herself; she was such a braggart.Other forms: Braggart can also be used as an adjective: The braggart general could talk all night about himself.

112

A good politician should be able to talk about her accomplishments without sounding like a(braggart OR retort).

braggart

113

vista view

synonym

115

(noun) doubt; the state of being unsureSynonyms: indecision, ambiguityAntonyms: certainty, sureness

uncertainty

116

(adj) sudden or unexpectedWe made an ____ change of plans when we realized we had no money.

abrubt

117

(verb) 1. to turn away 2. to preventSynonyms: avoid, deter

avert

118

incident

(noun) something that happens in real life or in a story; an event, sometimes one that is a slight problemBecause of the incident with my exploding can of Pepsi, Lauren never invites me to her parties anymore.Synonyms: occurrence

119

mirth

(noun) joy, fun, and laughterThere was so much mirth around the Thanksgiving table; everyone seemed to be smiling and enjoyingthemselves.Synonyms: glee, hilarityAntonyms: sadness, distress

120

It was hard to _____ my eyes from the man sitting at the table next to us; he must have been at least seven feet tall!

avert

121

figment

(noun) something that is made up in the mind but has no connection to realityYou think she likes you? Ha! That’s just a figment of your imagination.Synonyms: dream, fantasyAntonyms: reality

122

The banker became _____ around the world after he stole billions of dollars from his clients.

infamous

123

(noun) the cause of serious pain and suffering, or a state of such sufferingSome people consider blindness an _______, but to others it is just a challenge. Other forms: Melanie was afflicted (verb) with a rare bone disease.

affliction

124

(noun) something that is made up in the mind but has no connection to realitySynonyms: dream, fantasyAntonyms: reality

figment

125

docile tame

synonym

126

(noun) a story of heroic exploits; a long, detailed accountSynonyms: tale, history, epic

saga