Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance *Important Points* Flashcards Preview

AP2 > Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance *Important Points* > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance *Important Points* Deck (11)
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1

Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)

stimulates water conservation in the kidneys
Stimulates thirst

2

Aldosterone

causes sodium absorption and potassium loss, also causes water to be retained

3

Atrial Natriuretic Peptide (ANP)

Blocks release of ADH and Aldosterone
reduces thirst
lowers body fluid and BP

4

pH falling below 7.35

acidemia, acidosis

5

pH rising above 7.45

alkalemia, alkalosis

6

results when abnormal respiratory functions cause an extreme rise or fall in C02 levels in ECF

Respiratory Acid-Base Disorders

7

results when acids are increased or depletion of bicarbonate levels in ECF

Metabolic Acid Base Disorders

8

caused by build up of C02, which causes plasma pH reduction below 7.35, cured by increased respiration

Respiratory Acidosis

9

uncommon, reduction of C02, which causes plasma pH to increase over 7.45

Respiratory Alkalosis also known as hyperventilation

10

increased lactic acid,
inability to secrete H+ at kidneys
severe loss of HCO3 by diarrehea
results in pH dropping below 7.35

metabolic acidosis

11

when HC03 becomes elevated causing plasma pH to increase above 7.45

metabolic alkalosis