Flashcards in FOM - ACA Deck (39)
NORMAL - uneventful, no emergency prep necessary. Routine landing
ABNORMAL - high alert level, silent reviews by cabin crew
EMERGENCY - serious situation, prep cabin and pax, prepared emergency landing card, brief pax on brace positions
Low Fuel Situation - Minimum Fuel Advisory
"MINUMUM FUEL" - PIC has committed to land at a specific airport and any change to existing clnc may result in landing with less than planned reserve fuel. Normal priority, but they will keep you informed of delays.
Low Fuel Situation - Fuel Emergency
"MAYDAY, MAYDAY, MAYDAY, [mins] FUEL REMAINING" - flight will land with less than final reserve fuel.
Smoke/Fire from Lithium Battery
Battery fire in the flight deck.
Masks - ON 100%
If possible unplug device
Coord with backend
"BACKUP TO THE FLIGHT DECK, BACKUP TO THE FLIGHT DECK"
Remove device, place on floor
Halon 1211 (with masks on)
Remove from flight deck (immerse in water if able)
QRH SMOKE/FIRE FROM LITHIUM BATTERY
-may have to consider Removal of Smoke/Fumes
-may have to initiate an Immediate Diversion
Advising ATC of emergency situation
"PAN-PAN, PAN-PAN, PAN-PAN" - URGENCY: safety threatened but does not require immediate assistance.
"MAYDAY, MAYDAY, MAYDAY" - DISTRESS: safety is being threatened by grave and imminent danger and requires immediate assistance.
No intelligent response to two comms
No response to single verbal challenge and/or significant flight deviation
Take control (use take over pb 40sec to lock out if necessary), get help
Seat back, pedals forward,
Lock inertial reel or Remove if possible
Emergency Landing Briefing
C - Classification of landing
T - Type of energency
T - Touchdown surface
T- Time available
B - Brace signals, emergency calls
A - Advising pax, who? when?
D - Displace pax?
E - Exits, conditions affecting use, post landing attitudes
Q - Any questions? comments? F/O?
- wx front with a 6 deg temp change or moving >/= 30kts could indicate shear
- if pirep >15kt loss - "should" delay t/o, divert or hold
- for a320 use TOGA for T/O
- if IAS > VREF by > 20kts "GA FLAPS"
- do not add speed to an increasing performance shear
- indications of marginal flight path: +/- 15 kts, +/- 500fpm, +/- 1 dot g/s, unusual thrust for significant time
-CAUTION Operating into heavy showers (with vert clouds in area) on short final (don't be that guy - conditions can rapidly become dangerous)
Avoid as much as possible - do not take-off if severe at or near the ground is know or suspected.
During cruise severe should be overflown or flown around if possible
See FOM 220.127.116.11 for detailed advice. For MOD Chop and worse, PA should be directive; e.g. "Flight Attendants and passengers be seated immediately with your seatbelts fastened."
Need an entry in logbook if severe encountered
- "in the slot"
- configured for landing
- for CAT II/III and vert sel NPA plan 500' req at FAF
- thrust stabilized, usually above idle
- final landing checks complete
- V/S <= 1000fpm
- A/S +10/-5 kts of target
Unique App Procedures (LGA 31)
- special briefing
- on rwy centerline by 300'
Final Approach Flight Parameters
LOC/VOR...1 dot...1/2 scale
CAT I...1 dot...1 dot
CAT II/III...1/4 dot...1 dot
RNAV...as close as poss....1/2 scale (RNP req)
NDB...5 deg...1/2 scale (if avail)
VIS...as close as poss...approx 3deg
...to CL or IB trk
Normal Transponder Codes - "SQUACK"
1200 - VFR at or below 12,500'
1400 - VFR above 12,500'
1000 - IFR low level airspace (unless another assigned)
2000 - IFR high level airspace (unless another assigned)
Transponder Code - Unlawful Interference
7500 - Unlawful interference.
- followup up with 7700 or "TRANSPONDER SEVEN SEVEN ZERO ZERO"
- indicates that the aircraft is threatened by grave and imminent danger and requires immediate assistance
Transponder Code - Communication Failure
7600 - Communication failure
Transponder Code - Emergency
7700 - In the event of emergency and if unable to establish comms with ATC.
PA - Prepared Emergency Landings
"EMERGENCY STATIONS, EMERGENCY STATIONS"
Approx 2 mins prior to touchdown (~2000')
"BRACE FOR LANDING, BRACE FOR LANDING"
Approx 30 secs prior to touchdown (~500')
PA - To flight attendants for emergency
"IN-CHARGE FLIGHT ATTENDANT CALL (or REPORT TO) THE FLIGHT DECK"
This should alert all F/As that something is wrong and to start preparing cabin.
PA - rapid deplanement
"DEPLANE IMMEDIATELY AND LEAVE YOUR PERSONAL BELONGINGS"
PA - reject on runway
"REMAIN SEATED, REMAIN SEATED"
PA - initiate evacuation
Call for checklist pax evacuation .....
Take FLASHLIGHT, CHECKLIST, HAT
PA - Depressuration
pre - "ATTENTION FLIGHT ATTENDANTS, SECURE THE CABIN, PASSENGERS TAKE YOU SEATS"
if cabin exceeds 14,000' - "ATTENTION, PUT ON YOUR OXYGEN MASKS IMMEDIATELY"
post - "IN-CHARGE FLIGHT ATTENDANT CALL (or REPORT TO) THE FLIGHT DECK [with or without O2]"
Uplift and Type
TOC, and every 90 mins
Shall be recorded on OFP
A320 AOM: every 30in check FOB (ECAM) and fuel pred (FMGC) and compare to OFP or in-cruise quick-check
Also check burn+FOB = dep fuel
Within 2 hrs then not greater than 2 hr intervals.
FOB and Burn
Microburst or Downburst detected or reported
Take-offs and Landings prohibited ... extreme hazzard.
IROPS on GND
* see FOM for protracted delays.
* update pax every ~15 mins
* for dep/arr delays > 90 mins file FCR
* if stopped give S/D 10 min wrng to secure cabin
*Use Cat D minima to assess charted circling MDA
*Never lower than 1000’ HAA or where circling minima is higher than 700 HAA use charted circling minima + 300
*Prior to maneuvering - Flap 2, F Speed
*Gear and Flaps 3—base leg (normally). Turn base approx. 3sec/100’ +/-1sec/kt from abeam.
*Activate SEC F-PLAN when downwind (pre-program ldg rwy)
*MA—Climb, turn towards center of field, establish as closely as possible to MA of just completed inst app procedure.
*Check 10-10 pages for night circling at a mountainous airport.
T/O and Landing restrictions
No T/O: GR (hail), +IP, FZRA, +FZRA, FZDZ, +FZDZ
No Landing: FZRA, +FZRA, FZDZ, +FZDZ
No op: into an area of know severe icing (see FOM).