Food Animal Drug Regulations Flashcards Preview

RUSVM LAM II > Food Animal Drug Regulations > Flashcards

Flashcards in Food Animal Drug Regulations Deck (24):
1

how does the government classify a lactating cow 

female dairy animal that is >/= 20 months of age, whether she ever makes milk or not

2

how does the government classify a non-lactating dairy cow 

female dairy animal <20 months of age

could have gotten pregnant and calved by 15 months of age but still considered non-lacting becuase of age 

3

how does the government classify a dry cow

a lactating cow that is pulled off milk string

>20 months of age, not producing/being milked 

~1.5-2 months prior to calving 

4

FDA approves ______ and ______

presciption and OTC

5

EPA approves chemical used as _______

pesticides 

6

ELDU of _________ approved products is permitted based on _______ guidelines

ELDU of FDA approved products is permitted based on AMDUCA guidelines

7

what parameters must be met for ELDU

veterinarians only

valid veterinary-client-patient relationship (VCPR)

ingredient needed not in a drug labeled for the production class in question 

8

ELDU is not allowed: 

EPA approved products

fpr production reasons

fluoroquinolones

sulfonamides (mainly adult dairy cattle) 

cephalosporins (few exceptions) 

cost or convenience 

products not FDA approved 

non-medical use of sedatives not labeled for food animals (Ace) 

9

risk =

consumption x risk/ unit of consumption 

10

what are the target tissues for residue testing

liver, kidney, muscle, pelvic fat

11

what does zero tolerance mean

any detectable leven of a drug is a violation 

Aminoglycosides!

drugs used extra-label

aprroved drug used in different production class than labeled

12

a carcass with violative residue is ______

condemmed by FSIS

13

that constitutes 1st tier testing

evaluate approximately 800 samples PER chemical compound class 

14

scond teir testing 

samples at establishment level

undergo KIS testing (kidney inhibition swab) 

positive samples submitted for multi-analytic screening 

15

third tier

target herds and flocks of origin

if one animal test positive, others from herd/flock of origin could be postive 

16

cephalosporin restrictions 

cannot use human labeled cephalosporins

no ELDU outside of labeled production class 

17

can cephalosporins be used extra-label in sheep and goats 

yes

minor use - minor species 

18

can cephapirin be use extra-label

yes 

19

what is FARAD

food animal residue avoidance databank

USDA sponsored - minimize residues

withdrawel recommendations for legal ELDU 

milk and meat residues 

20

what is the veterinary feed directive (VFD)

precription for anti-infectives added to feed 

must follow label for mixing and feeding 

21

T/F ionophores are incuded in VFD

false

22

T/F VFD includes oxytetracycline products 

 

true

includes CTC, OTC and tylosin 

23

who enforces VFD

FDA

24

what are the terms of use of VFDs

must document need (Dx)

must have a VCPR

drug must be approved for species and production class

dose, duration, route and indication 

ELDU and MUMS not allowed