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Flashcards in Food from the Land & Business of Farming Deck (33):
0

What was a problem in Ethiopia in 1984?

Famine

1

Who helped out with famine in Ethiopia 1984 & how?

Bob Geldof, Live Aid concerts, Do They Know it's Christmas Time

2

Name the extreme form of hunger in which the body consumes its own tissue.

Starvation

3

What do you call damage by an unbalanced diet?

Malnutrition

4

Term for the increased use of technology in farming, mining, or factory work.

Industrialization

5

Name the 1900 device that separated grain from stalks and husks.

Threshing machine

6

What are patterns in weather called?

Climate

7

Name the outcome of the Green Revolution.

HYV

8

Term for the "elevation of land".

Topography

9

Farming to feed your family is called..

Subsistence farming

10

Farming to sell your crops or animals to the open market is called..

Cash cropping

11

Farming with lots of land, labour and capital on a smaller plot of land is known as..

Intensive farming

12

Farming on large vast amounts of land with little capital costs or labour or specialized equipment is called..

Extensive agriculture

13

Another name for transgenic organisms

GMO

14

The GMO called "Golden Rice" was altered to be higher in what two things?

Vitamin A and Iron

15

In the 1950's, Canadians spent 25% of their income on food. Today we spend...

11% income.

16

The Ogallalla Aquifer is currently being used up .......... times more quickly than it can replenish itself naturally.

25 times

17

Keeping the best of our animals and crops for reproduction is known as what?

Selective breeding

18

Another term for transgenic organisms is?

GMO

19

What is the term for farms being run like businesses by investors looking for returns on their investments?

Agribusiness

20

The 1880's saw about 80% of Canadian's farming, what percent are farmers today?

3%

21

Another name for conservation tillage, tilling the soil as little as possible, leaving stubble on the field over winter?

Zero tillage or no till cropping

22

Ploughing at 90 degree angles to the slope of the land to avoid water erosion is called what?

Contour ploughing

23

Harmful chemical compounds from smokestacks which don't break down easily into soil are..

Heavy metals. (Like Mercury)

24

Name the practice of leaving farmland without a crop for a growing season to help build up the nutrients in the soil.

Summer fallowing

25

A chemical compound designed to feed plants and increase plant growth is?

Fertilizer

26

A chemical compound designed to kill off weeds, which compete with crops for sunlight and nutrients is called..

Herbicide

27

A chemical compound designed to kill off harmful insects, which may impede a plants growth.

Insecticide

28

Agricultural production that can be maintained without damage to the ground or environment is known as?

Sustainable agriculture

29

How much more land does a "Drylander" need as compared to an irrigating farmer, to earn as similar income?

4 times

30

Name 2 or 3 types of irrigation.

Drip, flood, central pivot

31

How many products are available in the average North American supermarket?

47,000

32

Eating this on the food chain could result in a surplus of food stores.

Lower