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Flashcards in Foot Deck (35)
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1

List the extrinsic muscles of the toe

Extensor hallucis longus
Flexor hallucis longus
Fibularis longus

2

List the intrinsic muscles of the toe

Extensor hallucis brevis
Flexor hallucis brevis
Adductor hallucis
Abductor hallucis

3

What is the origin + insertion of extensor hallucis brevis?

Calcaneus
Proximal phalanx of big toe

4

What is the nerve + arterial supply to extensor hallucis brevis?

Deep fibular nerve
Dorsalis pedis artery

5

Which movements does extensor hallucis brevis enable?

Toe: extension

6

What is the origin + insertion of flexor hallucis brevis?

Cuboid/lateral cuneiform
Proximal phalanx of big toe

7

What is the nerve supply to flexor hallucis brevis?

Medial plantar nerve

8

Which movements does flexor hallucis brevis enable?

Toe: flexion

9

What is the origin + insertion of adductor hallucis?

Metatarsals 2-4
Proximal phalanx of big toe

10

What is the nerve supply to adductor hallucis?

Lateral plantar nerve

11

Which movements does adductor hallucis enable?

Toe: adduction

12

What is the origin + insertion of abductor hallucis?

Calcaneal tuberosity
Proximal phalanx of big toe

13

What is the nerve supply to abductor hallucis?

Medial plantar nerve

14

Which movements does abductor hallucis enable?

Toe: abduction

15

Of the 4 intrinsic toe muscles, which are on the plantar and dorsal surfaces?

Dorsum = extensor hallucis brevis
Plantar = flexor hallucis brevis, abductor hallucis, adductor hallucis

16

List the extrinsic muscles of the digits of the foot

Flexor digitorum longus
Extensor digitorum longus
Tibialis anterior
Tibialis posterior
Fibularis brevis
Fibularis tertius

17

List the intrinsic muscles of the digits of the foot

Extensor digitorum brevis
Flexor digitorum brevis
Abductor digiti minimi
Flexor digiti minimi
Quadratus plantae
Lumbricals
Interossei

18

What is the origin + insertion of extensor digitorum brevis?

Calcaneus
Middle phalanges of digits 2-4

19

What is the nerve + arterial supply to extensor digitorum brevis?

Deep fibular nerve
Dorsalis pedis artery

20

Which movements does extensor digitorum brevis enable?

Digits: extension

21

What is the origin + insertion of flexor digitorum brevis?

Calcaneus
Phalanges 2-5

22

What is the nerve + arterial supply to flexor digitorum brevis?

Medial plantar nerve
Medial + lateral plantar arteries

23

Which movements does flexor digitorum brevis enable?

Digits: flexion

24

What is the origin + insertion of abductor digiti minimi?

Plantar aponeurosis
Phalange of digit 5

25

What is the nerve supply to abductor digiti minimi?

Lateral plantar nerve

26

Which movements does abductor digiti minimi enable?

Little toe: flexion, abduction

27

What is the origin + insertion of flexor digiti minimi?

Metatarsal 5
Phalange of digit 5

28

What is the nerve supply to flexor digiti minimi?

Lateral plantar nerve

29

Which movements does flexor digit minimi enable?

Little toe: flexion, abduction

30

What is the origin + insertion of quadratus plantae?

Calcaneus
Tendon of flexor digitorum longus