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Flashcards in Formation Checkride GK Deck (38)
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1

Primary purpose of flying formation

Mutual support

2

Duties of flight lead

a. Clearing
b. Planning
c. Monitoring number 2

3

Duties of wingman

a. Maintain flight path deconfliction
b. Maintain proper position

4

Visual signals

Do stuff with your hands and stuff

5

Admin Lead vs Nav Lead

Admin: Runs all aspects of profile
Nav: Navigate and clear (Battle Damage)

6

When to breakout?

(HITS)
Hazard
In front of #1
Told to breakout
Situation awareness lost

7

When to terminate?

(BOOT)
Bingo fuel is reached
Objectives are met (DLOs)
Out of position with no expectation of an expeditious return to position
Terminate is called by either player

8

When to knock it off?

BBUMSWORLD
Bingo
Boundaries
Unbriefed aircraft enters area
Minimums (AS, ALT, range, wx, clouds)
Someone calls KIO
Wing rock
Over-G, overspeed
Radio failure
Loss of SA
Dangerous situation

9

Post knock it off actions

a. Clear the flight path
b. Cease maneuvering and climb or descend to a safe altitude
c. Maintain visual
d. Acknowledge with a call sign

10

HEFOE Signals

Hydraulic
Electric
Fuel
Oxygen
Engine

11

Fingertip references / priorities to fix them

Stack
Fore / Aft
In

12

When to offer lead during emergency

a. When the emergency occurs
b. On recovery below WX and able to navigate VFR to the field
c. On final with field in sight

13

Lead change parameters

a. Min altitude: 500 ft AGL
b. Do not initiate with >30 degrees of bank or wingman behind normal fingertip or route position
c. Do not initiate unless new lead aircraft is in a position to safely change and visual maintained

14

Wing takeoff parameters

a. 500ft ceiling, 1.5 vs, circling, or PWC mins (whichever is higher)
b. 15 kt xwind
c. No standing water, ice, snow
d. 20 ft wingtip spacing
e. 150 ft wide rwy

15

Interval takeoff parameters

a. 1500 ft ceiling, 3 vis
b. 75 ft wide rwyw

16

Form approach /landing parameters

a. 500 ft ceiling, 1.5 vis, or approach mins
b. 15 kts
c. 150 ft wide runway
d. Free standing water, ice, snow

17

Minimum altitude for a planned formation low approach

100 ft AGL

18

Wing takeoff power setting

85-95

19

Interval takeoff delay

6 seconds

20

Interval takeoff speed

160

21

KIO vs Terminate

Safety of flight vs non safety of flight

22

Scenario / procedures for lost wingman

a. Straight and level
b. Inside / Outside Turn
c. On approach
i. Turn away, climb to FAF / glideslope intercept
altitude, proceed to MAP
d. Missed approach
i. Turn away, proceed to MAP +500 ft

23

Fingertip formation limits

a. 120 kts min
b. Approx 90* bank
c. 2-3 G's

24

Route max bank

Approx 60*

25

Echelon max bank

Approx 60*

26

ET minimums

a. 100 kts min
b. Turns, loops, barrel rolls, modified lazy 8s, modified Cuban 8s, cloverleafs
c. No abrupt turn reversals
d. 2 ship only

27

Solo students will NOT fly

a. Actual or simulated inst approaches as landing or wing
b. Close trail as wingman
c. Fingertip position during in flight checks or radio channel changes
d. PLW on the wing
e. ET level 3 as wing
f. Form landings (wing or lead)
g. Form takeoff from the wing position

28

Chase cone

a. 30-60, as close as necessary to 1000 ft
b. Do not stack lower than lead below 1000 AGL
c. Chase will low-approach no lower than 300 AGL

29

FW cone

30-45, 500-1000 ft

30

Difference between 'push' and 'go'

a. Push: No response required
b. Go: "2" required from wingman

31

When does lead check #2 in on Eastside during taxi to EOR

Prior to OSG check

32

Where do you place #2 on takeoff

a. Upwind side when >5 kts xwind
b. Outside first turn in IMC
c. Inside first turn in VMC

33

Instrument Trail Departure

a. Delay: 20 seconds
b. Squawk: 0100

34

Rejoin airspeed (in MOA)

a. 180 kts
b. 30* bank

35

Pitchout delay

a. 2-3 seconds: 500-1000 ft
b. 5-7 seconds: 1500-2000 ft

36

Define Heading Crossing Angle (HCA)

The angular difference between the longitudinal axes of two aircraft (AKA "angle off")

37

Define Aspect Angle (AA)

Degrees off the tail of the reference aircraft

38

Define Line of Sight (LOS)

A straight line from the pilot's eye to another aircraft (e.g. forward line of sight is other AC moving forward in canopy towards nose)