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Flashcards in Fortified Deck (40):
1

What is vin de liqueur?

a french wine that is fortified with brandy to fermenting grape must to arrest the fermentation

2

What is Mistelle method?

Style of fortified wine where a neutral spirit is added to an unfermented grape must

3

What is a fortified wine?

A wine with the addition NGS to arrest fermentation leaving behind RS

4

Where is Ratafia found?
Where is Pineau De Charenets?
Where is Floc de Gascgone found?

Champagne
Cognac
Armagnac

5

What is the "Lei de Tergo?"

A decree restricting a houses sale of total inventory to 1/3 of their total production

6

What is the IVDP and what does it stand for

Instituto dos vinhos do Duero e Porto
A government run law that requires houses to maintain the lei de tergo law and control the integrity of the productions.

7

What is the beneficio authorization?

The maximum amount of wine that may be fortified in a given year.

8

What are the main red grapes of portugal?

Touriga Nacional, Tinta roriz

9

What are some of the main white grapes of porto?

Gouveio, Malvasia Fina

10

What is the "burning water" and what do they call it?

Aguardente, is a nuetral grape spirit at 77% that is used to fortify port

11

LBV port generally sees how many years in oak casks and how many vintages are in the blend?

4-6 in and is from a single vintage and because of the extended oak aging it shows some light amber characteristics of tawny port

12

What does envelhecido em Garrafa mean if printed on a port label?

An additional minimum aging of 3 years in the bottle

13

When a port reaches 30 - 40 years of ageing and becomes in an oxidative state it is called what?

Rancio

14

What is the difference between a ruby port and a ruby reserve port?

The reserve port generally denotes more complexity

15

What is the main difference between Tawny and Ruby port?

Tawny port generally spend much more time in oak with oxidative qualities and Ruby port spend little time in barrel before it begins is ageing in bottle.

16

What are the top declared port vintages between 1990 and 2015

1991, 1994, 1997, 2004, 2007, 2011, 2015

17

Who produces Quinta de Cavadinha?
Who produces Quinta de Vargellas?
Who produces Quinta do Bomfin?

Warre's
Taylor's
Dow's

18

What is the difference between a LBV and a vintage port

The amount of time seen in barrel, 4-6 for LBV and 1-2 for Vintage

19

Why is it said that LBV port is sometimes the closest style to Tawny port

LBV port spends much more time in oak and generally will not improve with bottle age.

20

What are the differences between Colheita and Tawny Reserve port?

Colheita is vintage dated whereas Reserve is a Blend.
They both see min. 7 yrs.

21

What does a Tawny port with indication of age mean?

Nothing to do with age but instead how old it tastes determined by IVDP.

22

What are the poios?

Steep terraces made from Basalt stones found on the island

23

What is the IVBAM?

Embroidery and handicraft institut of madeira

The governing institution that regulate harvest and productions methods

24

Who is the largest producer and exporter of Madeira?

Henriques and Henriques
SECOND: Madeira Wine Company

25

What is the climate of madeira? and its canal system?

Sub tropical using Levadas

26

What is the most widely planted grape in Madeira?

Tinta Negra

27

If the Madeira is vintage and varietal specific what will the percentage be?

100%

28

Name the four grapes from sweetest to driest?

Malmsey (malvasia), Boal ( Bual), Verdelho, Sercial

29

Which Grapes are harvested last in Madeira

Sercial and Verdelho

30

Explains the two different style of Estufagem ageing and what Canteiro is?

Estufagem is heating in tanks by coil for 2-3 months, rest90
Armazen de calor (Still estufagem)
Heated by a warm room

Canteiro- oak casks, Put in the attic to warm for 2 years, 3 years before bottles

31

What are Colheita Madeiras, and the requirements before bottling?

A single vintage Madeira
Vintage of min85%
aged 5 years before bottling

32

What is the best style of vintage maderia?

Aged Conteira method in oak cask for a minimum of 20 years
Frasqueira

33

How are madeiras wines different from other fortified wines?

Exposure to extreme temperatures

34

Would a Madeira labeled, reserve, special reserve, or extra reserve have a vintage?

no

35

How much wine can be pulled each year in the Solera system in Madeira?

10%

36

Pineau des Charentes is a VdL from where?

Champagne, France.

37

Explain the aging requirments for Pineau des Charentes.

Old is a minimum of 5 years in barrel
Very Old & Extra Old a minimum of 10 years in barrel

38

Ugni Blanc, Folle Blanche, and Colombard are the main varieties in this white French Vin de Liqeuer

Pineau des Charentes AOP in Champagne

39

When was Pineau Des Charentes established as an AOC

1945, revised in 2011

40

The minimum and maximum alcohol range for a Pineau de Charentes is?

16-22% abv