Foundling: Historicism and Revivalism Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Foundling: Historicism and Revivalism Deck (2)
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1

Historicism

  • Styles recreated or closely inspired by historic styles

  • had some positive virtues in that the architect was challenged to find new aspects, adaptations and aesthetics albeit still within the reptoire of elite Western styles

  •  C18 and C19 original styles such as Gothic, Romanesque, Roman, Greek, etc. were surveyed, measured, studied comparatively and published

  • This wealth of exactitude enable expansion of architectural repetoire and the illusion of novelty craved by the educated elite and architects themselves

  • enhanced in tandem with literature of the age (e,g, Sir Walter Scott and later Kipling) and history of art

  • Historicism became especially strong from the 1850s in Ruskin’s advocacy of Gothic Revival as possessing ethical character appropriate to English society

2

Acquisition

  • Related to historicism in that it reflects C19 preoccupation with novelty but also in conflict with Ruskinian revivalism

  • More concerned with scientific and Imperial expansion, museology and the classification of knowledge that underlined later Enlightenment

  • Acquisition is accumulating information, facts, sometimes driven by Romantic desire for possession, and prosaic desire for Knowledge, ownership and wealth in sense of ownership of peoples, societies, land, etc – so highly political

  • Encapsulated in Napoleon’s collecting tour of Egypt and Elgin’s in Athens

  • Supplied enormous riches for their national museums, impact on further style changes, luxury, appealingly exotic or rational and educational all at the same time - anathema to Ruskin’s appeal for purifying aesthetic rooted in moral worth.