Flashcards in Fractures & Imaging Deck (18)
Things to consider when assessing a fracture (7)
- Open vs. closed
- Degree (complete vs. incomplete)
- Articular extension
- Intrinsic bone quality
- Displacement, angulation, rotation
Extends completely thru bone (2 cortices)
Does not extend completely thru entire bone thickness (1 cortex)
What to look for with spiral fractures?
How are spiral fractures typically caused?
Low forced torsion injuries
Toddler w/ spiral fracture alerts you for...
2 adjacent fractures w/ isolated central segment
Fracture in bone weakened by abnl condition (cancer, osteoporosis, etc)
What could you see on xray of stress fracture?
- Initial might be neg
- Sometimes only clue is callus formation (new bone being laid down)
Bone fractured by 2 other bones (vertebral bodies)
Through growth plate (important in peds)
** 1 & 2--usually minor
** 3-5--poorer prognosis
What MSK problems can be seen on xray?
- Fractures & callous formation
- Soft tissue
- Metabolic changes (osteopenia, excess bone, etc)
Gold standard imaging for soft tissue
Contrast injected into joint to evaluate soft tissue of joints before MRI, CT, or xray
Xray, CT, and contrast media used to eval space bt bone and soft tissue
Visual real-time intra-articular structures (Contrast injected into joint to evaluate soft tissue of joints before MRI, CT, or xray)