Functional Group Concepts and Naming Flashcards Preview

Organic Chemistry > Functional Group Concepts and Naming > Flashcards

Flashcards in Functional Group Concepts and Naming Deck (21):
1


Classification of carbon:
Primary carbon

Carbon bonded to only one other carbon

2

Classification of carbon:
Quaternary carbon

Carbon bonded to four other carbons

3


Classification of carbon:
Secondary carbon

Carbon bonded to two other carbons

4


Classification of carbon:
Tertiary carbon

Carbon bonded to three other carbons

4


Classification of hydrogen:
Primary hydrogen

Hydrogen bonded to a primary carbon

4


Classification of hydrogen:
Quaternary hydrogen

Does not exist b/c the carbon would have four bonds to other carbons

6


Classification of hydrogen:
Secondary hydrogen

Hydrogen bonded to a secondary carbon

7


Classification of hydrogen:
Tertiary hydrogen

Hydrogen bonded to a tertiary carbon

9

Infix for carbon-carbon bonds of parent chain:
All single bonds (alkane)

Infix for carbon-carbon bonds of parent chain:
All single bonds (alkane)

-an-

10


Infix for carbon-carbon bonds of parent chain:
One or more double bonds (alkene)

Infix for carbon-carbon bonds of parent chain:
One or more double bonds (alkene)

-en-

11


Infix for carbon-carbon bonds of parent chain:
One or more triple bonds (alkyne)

-yn-

12


Name a carbon chain…?

1. Prefix

  • indicates number of carbon atoms of parent chain (eg. 2 carbons=eth)

2. Infix:

  • indicates nature of carbon-carbon bonds (eg. C-C single bonds=an)

3. Suffix:

  • indicates class of compound to which the substance belongs (functional group driven) (eg. having –OH group =ol)

 (eth)(an)(ol)

13


Primary alcohol

The -OH hydroxyl group is attached to a carbon that is attached to only one other carbon

14

Secondary alcohol

The -OH hydroxyl group is attached to a carbon that is attached to two other carbons

15


Suffix for the class of compound:
alcohol

Suffix for the class of compound:
alcohol

-ol

16


Suffix for the class of compound:
aldehyde

Suffix for the class of compound:
aldehyde

-al

17


Suffix for the class of compound:
amine

Suffix for the class of compound:
amine

-amine

18


Suffix for the class of compound:
Carboxylic acid

Suffix for the class of compound:
Carboxylic acid

-oic acid

19


Suffix for the class of compound:
hydrocarbon

Suffix for the class of compound:
hydrocarbon:

-e

20


Suffix for the class of compound:
ketone

Suffix for the class of compound:
ketone

-one

21

Tertiary alcohol

The -OH hydroxyl group is attached to a carbon that is attached to three other carbons