Functional Group Identification and Common Names Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Functional Group Identification and Common Names Deck (24):
1

Identify the common name:

2

Identify

Decalin

2


Draw a Carboxylic Amide (amide)

Carboxylic amide: a derivative of carboxylic acid in which the -OH is replaced by an amine.

Suffix: -amide

3

Identify

Acetaldehyde

(Acet-aldehyde)

3

Identify

Acetone

(acet-one)

 

this is a ketone

4


Identify the common name:

4

Identify the common name:

5

Identify

Acetone

(acet-one)

this is a ketone

5

Draw a Carboxylic Ester (Ester)

Carboxylic ester (ester): A derivative of a carboxylic acid in which H of the carboxyl group is replaced by a carbon

Suffix: -oate

6


Draw a Carboxylic Acid

Carboxylic acid: A compound containing a carboxyl group -COOH

Suffix: -oic acid

7

Identify the common name:

9

Draw an aldehyde

Aldehyde: a compound containing a -CH=O group

Suffix: -al

10


Draw an alcohol

Alcohol: A compound containing an -OH (hydroxyl) group bonded to a tetrahedral carbon atom

Suffix: -ol

12

Identify

Acetic acid

14

Draw a secondary amine

Amine: a compound containing a nitrogen atom bonded to one, two, or three carbon atoms by single bonds.

Secondary amine: An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to two carbons and one hydrogens

Suffix: -amine

15

Identify

Norbornane

16

Draw a primary amine

Amine: a compound containing a nitrogen atom bonded to one, two, or three carbon atoms by single bonds.

Primary amine: An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to one carbon and two hydrogens

Suffix: -amine

17


A reference note about functional groups

  • HX is a hydrogen halide (F, Cl, Br, I) and RX is an alkyl halide.
  • HOH is water. Replace one H to get ROH, the alcohols, replace both H’s to get ROR’ the ethers (the R’s may or may not be the same).
  • NH3 is ammonia. Replace one H; RNH2 is a primary amine. Replace two H’s; RNHR’ is a secondary amine. Replace all three H’s; RN(R’)R” is a tertiary amine. Note R’s can be the same or different.

 

18

Draw a ketone

Ketone: A compound containing a carbonyl group (C=O) bonded to two carbons

Suffix: -one

19

Draw a tertiary amine

Amine: a compound containing a nitrogen atom bonded to one, two, or three carbon atoms by single bonds.

Tertiary amine: An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to three carbons and no hydrogens

Suffix: -amine

20

Identify the common name:

22

Identify

Acetaldehyde

(Acet-aldehyde)

23

Identify the common name:

24

Identify

Acetic acid