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Flashcards in Functionalism Deck (12):
1

Modernity

Science replacing religion

1- industrial revolution
Family ties were weakened and geographical mobility increased

2- the enlightenment

2

Organic analogy

Durkheim and Parsons
See society working in a similar way to the human body

Equilibrium- balance

3

Prerequisites

Basic needs for existence

4

Emile Durkheim

Society are constrained by 'social facts'
(Ways of acting and thinking)

5

Social facts

Cause people to behave in certain ways

E.g.- religion, location all impact

6

Collection conscience

Consensus
Common beliefs

Without social solidarity would be impossible

7

Threats to social stability

Egoism and anomie

Example- 2011 riots

8

Anomie

Norm-lessness
No expected behaviour

9

How is social equilibrium maintained?

Socialisation
Social control

10

Fictional prerequisites


Pattern maintenance
Adaptation
Goal attainment
Interpretation

11

Strengths

Useful in pointing out how society shapes individuals

Explains how most of the time social life is extremely ordered and predictable

12

Weaknesses

Social action- would say that functionalism as a structural theory paints a passive picture of individuals

Deterministic theory- sees people as a creation of the system

Social action- norms and values can be rejected