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Flashcards in G R A M M A R Deck (25):
1

How to make 'tu' imperative?

3rd person present
take away the 'S'

2

What are the 'tu' imprative irregulars? (8)

decir - di salir - sal
tener - ten venir - ven
ir - ve hacer - haz
poner - pon ser - sé

3

what happens with pronouns and tu affirmative imperatives

pronouns are added onto to the imperative

4

when to add accent with tu affirmative imperative?

when the imperative verb has two syllables and one pronoun
when the imperative has one syllable and two pronouns

5

what happens with tu affirmative imperative and reflexive pronouns

added on to end of verb

6

how to make tu negative imperative

2nd person subjunctive

7

how to make vosotros affirmative imperative

replace 'r' with 'd'

8

what happens with vosotros affirmative imperative and reflexive pronouns?

'd' is replaced by 'os'
sentad - sentaos

9

what are the exceptions in reflexive vosotros affirmative imperative? (2)

1) IRSE! --> keeps 'D' = vestídos
2) reflexive verbs ending in IR require an accent

10

how to make vosotros negative imperative

vosotros present subjunctive

11

how to make usted imperative

3rd person present subjunctive

12

how to make ustedes imperative

3rd person plural present subjunctive

13

how to make usted/es negative imperative

just add NO in front of verb

14

What are the present subjunctive irregulars (5)

- Dar
- Estar
- haber
- Saber
- Ir

15

how to make present perfect subjunctive

subjunctive of haber and past participle

16

when to use the present perfect subjunctive

to refer to actions which happened in the past and continue to repeat into the present.

17

how to make the imperfect subjunctive

3rd person plural of the preterite
plus ending:
ra
ras
ra
ramos
rais
ran

18

What is the preset subjunctive of haber

haya
hayas
haya
hayamos
hayáis
hayan

19

what is the second option for the imperfect subjunctive

se
ses
se
semos
séis
se

20

what are the uses of the imperfect subjunctive (4)

1 - if independent clause is in past
2- if independent clause refers to a previous occurrence, to express current emotions about the past
3 - to indicate unlikely events
4 - if clauses - if sentence stated with 'SI', use imperfect subjunctive and then the conditional.

21

how to make the pluscumperfecto

imperfect subjunctive of haber and past participle

22

what is the imperfect subjunctive of haber

hubiera
hubieras
hubiera
hubiéramos
hubierais
hubieran

23

what is pluscumperfecto used for

talking about events in the past which happened before something else

24

what should 'como si' be followed by

past subjunctive

25

wat should ojalá be followed by

present subjunctive