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Flashcards in Gallstones Deck (39):
1

What are gallstones?

Crystal-like deposits that form in the gallbladder.

2

What are crystal-like deposits that form in the gall bladder called?

gallstones

3

What is the gallbladder?

A small organ under the liver that stores the digestive fluid, bile.

4

What is the small organ under the liver that stores the digestive fluid, bile called?

Gallbladder.

5

When gallstones cause pain, how does this pain occur?

By irritating the gallbladder wall or blocking gallbladder ducts.

6

When gallstones irritate the gallbladder wall or blocking gallbladder ducts, what does this cause?

Infection, inflammation and upper abdominal pain.

7

Where is it possible gallbladder infection can spread to?

The liver or pancreas

8

What can treatment for gallstones range from?

Pain relief to surgery.

9

What system in the body is the gallbladder part of?

The digestive system.

10

Describe the gallbladder

A pear-shaped, sac-like structure approximately 8 cm long and 2.5 cm wide

11

What is the gallbladder attached to?

The lower surface of the liver.

12

What is the function of the gallbladder?

To concentrate, store, and excrete bile.

13

What does bile help in?

The digestion of fat.

14

What are the components making up bile?

Cholesterol, bile salts, and bile pigments (eg: bilirubin).

15

In New Zealand the proportion of people with gallstones might be as high as what?

20%

16

What affects the amount of cholesterol which can be dissolved in bile?

How much bile salt it contains

17

What can cause gallstones to form in the gallbladder?

Too much cholesterol, or too little bile salt.

18

Do most people who experience gallstones, experience any symptoms?

No

19

Where symptoms are present, what are the most common symptoms?

upper abdominal pain

20

Describe the type of pain that occurs with gallstones.

Pain usually occurs in the upper right side of the abdomen, is often severe, and may radiate to the chest, back, or the area between the shoulders.

21

Other than pain, what other symptoms are there of gallstones?

• Indigestion;
• Nausea or vomiting;
• Jaundice (the yellow appearance of skin and the whites of eyes caused by bilirubin build-up in the blood) when gallstones block the passage of bile;
• Light-coloured stools.

22

When infection of the gallbladder is present it is possible to also experience low-grade fever, sweats, and chills?

Yes

23

When symptoms occur suddenly, what may the gallstones be known as?

biliary colic

24

What often causes biliary colic?

Eating fatty foods

25

When does biliary colic typically occur?

In the middle of the night

26

How severe may the symptoms of biliary colic be?

So severe that people need to seek immediate medical attention.

27

What is the likelihood of another episode of biliary colic not occurring?

Approximately 30% of all people who experience biliary colic will not experience a further episode. Because of this, the doctor may advise a wait and see approach.

28

If attacks of biliary colic are occasional and mild how may they be managed?

With pain-relieving medications, applying heat to the affected area, resting and taking sips of water. Reducing the amount of fat in the diet and maintaining a healthy body weight may also be beneficial. If attacks are frequent or severe surgery is usually recommended.

29

What is biliary colic also known as?

Gallbladder attack or gallstone attack.

30

What does the pain from biliary colic result from?

A gallstone temporarily blocking the bile duct.

31

How long does biliary colic take to resolve?

Pain usually lasts from one to a few hours

32

If attacks of biliary colic are mild, how may they be managed, other than by taking pain-relieving medications?

By applying heat to the affected areas, resting and taking sips of water.

33

If attacks of biliary colic are mild they may be managed by taking ________________, applying heat to the affected areas, resting and taking sips of water.

taking pain-relieving medications

34

If attacks of biliary colic are mild they may be managed by taking pain relieving medication, ____________ , resting and taking sips of water.

applying heat to the affected areas

35

If attacks of biliary colic are mild they may be managed by taking pain relieving medication, applying heat to the affected areas, ________ and taking sips of water.

resting

36

If attacks of biliary colic are mild they may be managed by taking pain relieving medication, applying heat to the affected areas, resting and ________________.

taking sips of water

37

In addition to taking pain relieving medication, applying heat to the affected areas, resting and taking sips of water what else may be beneficial for biliary colic?

Reducing the amount of fat in the diet and maintaining a healthy body weight

38

In addition to taking pain relieving medication, applying heat to the affected areas, resting and taking sips of water, reducing ______________and maintaining a healthy body weight may be beneficial.

the amount of fat in the diet

39

In addition to taking pain relieving medication, applying heat to the affected areas, resting and taking sips of water, reducing the amount of fat in the diet and _______________ may be beneficial.

maintaining a healthy body weight