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Flashcards in Gases Deck (15):
0

The volume of a gas is inversely proportional to the pressure applied to it if the temperature remains constant.

Boyle's law

1

The absolute temperature of a gas is directly proportional to the pressure if the volume remains constant.

Gay-Lussac's law

2

The total pressure of a mixture of gases is equal to the sum of the partial pressures of each component gas.

Dalton's law of partial pressures

3

Under conditions of constant temperature and pressure, equal volumes of gases contain equal amount of molecules.

Avogadro's principle

4

The volume of a gas is directly proportional to its absolute (Kelvin) temperature if the pressure remains constant.

Charles' law

5

Under conditions of constant temperature and pressure, the ratios of the volumes of gases that react are small whole numbers.

Gay-Lussac's law of combining volumes

6

The pressure, volume, and temperature of a gas are all related if the quantity of gas remains constant.

Combined gas law

7

The relationship between volume and pressure of a gas is a/an ____________ one.

Inverse

8

The relationship between pressure and temperature of a gas is a/an _________ one.

Direct

9

The relationship between volume and temperature of a gas is a/an _________ one.

Direct

10

The ___________ temperature scale represents absolute temperature.

Kelvin

11

Standard pressure is ____ torr; standard temperature is _____ K.

760; 273

12

A table of __________ makes it possible for the chemist to compensate for the added pressure of water that evaporates during the water displacement process and mixes with the collected gas.

Partial pressures

13

All gases contain the same number of _________ if they have the same volume, pressure, and temperature.

Molecule

14

The ____________ of a gas is the volume of one mole of a gas at STP, or approximately ___________.

Molar volume; 22.4 g/mol