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Flashcards in Gender and Disciplinary Deck (27)
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1

What is patriarchy and who said about it

Sylvia Walby (1990: 20) ‘Patriarchy is a system of social structures & practices in which men dominate, oppress and exploit women’.

2

Historical assumption about women?

seen inferior to men due to sex – vagina originally seen as a tucked in penis and so legitimated their biological subordination

3

What did Parsons (1954) say?

‘instrumental’/ ‘expressive’ , gender scripts

4

What did Beauvoir say?

“One is not born, but rather becomes, a woman”

5

What did Butler say?

Performance of gender, proposes that we view gender as discursively and materially constructed through repetitive "performances" of "words, acts, gestures and desire."

6

What did Sawiki say?

Disciplinary technologies are means of establishing bodily norms and techniques for observing, monitoring, and controlling

7

What is Disciplinary Technologies based on

based on duel system of gratification & punishment

8

What is the aim of Disciplinary Technologies

Disciplinary technology has as its aim the regulation and normalisation of subjects

9

What does Disciplinary technologies operate through

Disciplinary technology operates through hierarchical observation and normalising judgement.

10

What is an integral part of the production of Disciplinary technology .

Surveillance

11

What does Rose (1996) say

know yourself, master yourself, and care for yourself.

12

What is a docile body

that may be subjected, used, transformed and improved

13

What does modern technology require?

"minimum expenditure for the maximum return,"

14

What are the two examples of disciplinary technologies?

Welfare policies
Discipline of the body

15

What do welfare policies do?

make women do more part time by exerting gendered power

16

Statistic about women in the workforce

Across the workforce, WOMEN are earning 19% LESS per hour than men on average.

17

What do women feel guilty out?

Maternal guilt

18

What does Terry say?

‘natal panopticonism’

19

What does Bored say?

women's bodies and psyches are molded by a patriarchal culture,

20

What does Bartky say?

woman-as-Panopticon’ – women discipline the gender of other women as well as men

21

Characteristics of body discipline

socially "imposed" and "voluntary" (or self-disciplining) characteristics.

22

What ideals do females internalise?

o E.g Dieting, mannerisms, cosmetics, fashon = femininity
Wilson – make up should be worn like a uniform

23

What does King say?

gender, specifically femininity, is a discipline that produces bodies and identities and operates as an effective form of social control.

24

3 arguments against?

1. Not always covert exercise of power
2. Agency
3. Feminism and resistance:

25

Criticism of Foucault

Foucault says power come from everywhere – but an exercise of power over another sex is primarily in the interest and production of men

26

Whats kings critique of Foucault?

Gender-neutral, blind to the extent that gender determines the techniques and degrees of discipline exerted on the body

27

What does Giddens say?

1.)Power dispersed in intimate spheres and this reflects in the changes in the ‘outside’ world