General Flashcards Preview

Greece Wine > General > Flashcards

Flashcards in General Deck (55):
1

Vidiano and Kotsifali are grape varieties thought to be indigenous to what island?

Q image thumb

Crete

2

What is Monemvassia-Malvasia?

PDO for sweet wines produced in the southern Pelopennese

A image thumb
4

Retsina is generally produced as a white wine from what grape?

Q image thumb

Saavatiano

5

T/F: Retsina cannot be labeled with a vintage.

Q image thumb

True

 

6

Greece has how many indigenous varietals?

Q image thumb

over 300

7

Name two large producers who dominate the Greek wine industry.

Q image thumb

Boutari 

Tsantali

A image thumb
8

When did Greece first implement wine laws?

Q image thumb

1969 and 1970 

  • most of the country's appellations were established in 1971
  • laws refined in the 1980s
  • overseen by the Greek Wine Institute
  • conform to EU standards and resemble the French model

9

Most of Greece's appellations were established in what year?

Q image thumb

1971

10

What are the 2 levels of PDO (Protected Designation of Origin) quality wine?

Q image thumb

  • Controlled Appellation of Origin
    •  status reserved for traditional sweet wine
  • Appellation of Superior Quality

* While these 2 separate categories remain, "PDO Wines of Greece" will appear on current and future bottles of wines featuring a designation of origin, especially those destined for export.

 

11

What does "Reserve" indicate on a label for white wines?; for red wines?

Q image thumb

white - min. 1 year, 6 months in barrel, 3 months in bottle

red - min. 2 years, 1 year in barrel, 6 months in bottle

12

What does "Grand Reserve" indicate on a label for white wines?; for reds?

Q image thumb

white - 2 years, 1 year in barrel, 6 months in bottle

red - 4 years, 18 months in barrel, 18 months in bottle

13

What is Verdea?

Q image thumb

oxidative white wine produced on the island of Zakynthos of the Ionian Sea

A image thumb
14

What are the 3 other categories of wine quality below PDO (Protected Designation of Origin) level?

Q image thumb

  • PGI (Protected Geographical Indication) 
  • Varietal - still awaiting its official unveiling in 2011 due to bureaucratic delays, comprises table wines that carry a vintage and variety on the label, whereas ordinary "Table" wines cannot
  • Table 

16

PGI (Protected Geographical Indication) zones are divided into what three levels?

  • regional - equivalent to the major regions of Greece, such as Pelopnnese and Crete
  • district 
  • area - so small they may include a single estate

17

Name the regions of the Greek mainland.

  • Thrace
  • Macedonia
  • Epirus
  • Thessalia
  • Peloponnese
  • Cental Greece (Sterea Ellada)

A image thumb
18

What region is known as Sterea Ellada?

Central Greece (Sterea Ellada)

A image thumb
19

What region is home to some of Greece's best red wines?

Macedonia

A image thumb
20

T/F: Thrace cannot claim any PDO appellations.

True

A image thumb
21

Macedonia's PDO regions of Naoussa and Amynteo produce red wines soley from what grape?

Q image thumb

Xinomavro ("acid-black")

  • firmly tannic 
  • vs. Macedonia's Goumenissa PDO, which produces lighter Xinomavro wines with min. 20% Negoska

A image thumb
22

What is the style of Goumenissa PDO?

Q image thumb

lighter Xinomavro wines with the addition of at least 20% Negoska

A image thumb
23

What is the min. % of Negoska added to Xinomavro in Goumenissa PDO wines?

Q image thumb

20% Negoska

A image thumb
24

What does "Cava" indicate?

Q image thumb

aging indication for PGI wines

white and rosé - min. 1 year, 6 months in oak prior to bottling

reds - min. 3 years, 1 year in oak prior to bottling

25

What term may be added to the label of Cava, Reserve, or Grand Reserve wines to indicate oak aging beyond the required minimums?

Q image thumb

"Palaiomenos se vareli"

26

What is Greece's coolest region?

Q image thumb

Amynteo PDO

  • within Macedonia
  • only PDO to allow the production of rosé wines; these may be dry to semisweet, and still or sparkling

 

A image thumb
27

What is the only PDO to allow the production of rosé wines?

Amynteo

  • In Macedonia
  • Rosés may be dry to semisweet, and still or sparkling

A image thumb
28

What is the PDO in Macedonia that is a single appellation for Domaine Carras?

Slopes of Meliton (Plagies Meltiona)

Domaine Carras - a trailblazing, ambitius Greek estate

A image thumb
30

Red PDO wines from Domaine Carras are a blend of what grapes?

Q image thumb

Cabernet Sauvignon

Cabernet Franc

and native Liminio

A image thumb
32

Who nurtured the native white Malagousia grape from the brink of extinction and now produces varietal wines of high aromatic intensity from the grape at his own domaine in the PGI district fo Thassaloniki in northern Macedonia?

Evangelos Gerovassiliou

  • winemaker who launched Domaine Carras to international acclaim

A image thumb
33

What appellation is the southernmost output of the Xinomavro grape?

Q image thumb

Rapsani PDO

  • within Thessalia
  • wherein Xinomavro's tannins and acid structure are softened by the warmer climate and mandatory blending with the lighter Krasato and Stavroto grapes

A image thumb
34

In Thessalia, Rapsani PDO requires Xinomavro to be blended with what other two varietals?

Q image thumb

the lighter Krasato and Stavroto grapes

A image thumb
35

What PDO in Thessalia only allows white wines?; blended from what grapes?

Anchialos PDO

- blended from Roditis and Savvatiano grapes from higher-altitude vineyards

A image thumb
37

In Epirus, the dry, semisweet, and sparkling wines of Zitsa PDO are produced from what grape?

Debina 

A image thumb
38

What region is the bastion of Retsina?

Q image thumb

Central Greece, or Sterea Ellada

  • Attiki, the region surrounding Athens, is the center of production

A image thumb
43

In what year was Naoussa established as an appellation?

Q image thumb

1971

44

What PDO is the home of Boutari, one of Greece's two largest producers and a major force in the modern rejuvenation of Greek winemaking?

Q image thumb

Naoussa PDO 

  • in region of Macedonia, est. 1971

A image thumb
48

Who is the winemaker that launched Doamine Carras to international acclaim?

Evangelos Gerovassiliou

  • under the guidance of Émile Peynaud

50

White PDO wines from Domaine Carras are a blend of what grapes?

Q image thumb

  • Assyrtiko
  • Athiri
  • Rhoditis

A image thumb
55

Name the 1 PDO from the region of Epirus.

Zitsa

  • dry, semisweet, and sparkling wines are produced from the Debina grape

A image thumb
56

What is the most planted white grape of Crete?; what grape is challenging it in popularity with high-quality producers?

Vilana

Vidiano (higher acidity, more character)

A image thumb
57

What are the wine-producing islands in the Ionian archipelago?

  • Cephalonia
  • Kerkyra (Corfu)
  • Lefkada
  • Zakynthos

A image thumb
58

What Ionian island contains all the PDO's in the group?

Cephalonia

A image thumb
59

What are the styles and varietals of Robola of Cephalonia?

Dry White 

100% Robola

A image thumb
60

What are the styles and varietals of Muscat of Cephalonia?

  • Sweet White (sun dried), White VDN, White VDL, VDN Grand Cru
  • 100% Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains (Moschato Aspro)

A image thumb
61

What does Grand Cru indicate for Muscat PDO's in Greece?

Muscat PDO's Grand Cru

  • Wines produced from estate vineyards with "low yields per ha"

62

What are the must weight levels for the Muscat appellations?

  • Sweet Wine: 300 g/l (after drying)
  • VDN: 238 g/l
  • VDN Grand Cru: 252 g/l
  • VDL: 221 g/l

63

What are the PDO zones of the Ionian Islands?

  • Robola of Cephalonia
  • Mavrodaphne of Cephalonia
  • Muscat of Cephalonia

A image thumb
64

What 3 PDO zones debuted in 2012?

  • Candia
  • Malvasia Candia
  • Malvasia Sitia

A image thumb
65

What is the most widespread red varietal in the Aegean?

Q image thumb

Mandilaria

A image thumb
66

What are the styles and varietals of Sitia?

Q image thumb

  • Dry White, Dry Red
  • Red VDL, Red VDN, Vin Liastos 
  • White: min 70% Vilana, plus Thrapsathiri
  • Red: min 80% Liatiko, plus Mandilaria
  • Vin Liastos is 100% Liatiko

A image thumb
67

What are the styles and varietals of Peza?

Q image thumb

Peza

  • Dry Red and White
  • White: 100% Vilana
  • Red: Kotsifali and Mandilaria

A image thumb
68

What are the styles and varietals of Dafnes?

Q image thumb

Dafnes

  • Red only
  • Dry, VDL, VDN/Grand Cru, Vin Liastos
  • 100% Liatiko

A image thumb
69

What are the styles and varietals of Archanes?

Q image thumb

Dry Red Kotsifali and Mandilaria

A image thumb
70

What are the styles and varietals of Candia?

Candia

  • Dry red and white
  • White: min 85% Vilana, Vidiano, Assyrtiko, Thrapsathiri, Athiri, Liatiko (vinified white), plus Muscat Spinas and Malvasia di Candia
  • Red: Kotsifali and Mandilaria

A image thumb
71

What are the styles, varietals, and aging requirements of Malvasia Candia?

Q image thumb

Malvaisa Candia

  • Vin Liastos, VDN
  • Assyrtiko, Athiri, Vidiano, Thrapsani, Liatiko, plus max 15% Malvasia di Candia Aromatico and/or Muscat Blanc a Petits Grain
  • 2 years aging in oak

72

What is the minimum must weight and RS for Malvasia Candia, Sitia, and Paros Vin Liastos?

320 g/l

80 g/l