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Flashcards in General Deck (28)
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1

Theories are an organized set of claims and judgements about how the world works, both implicit and explicit.
Happens when common starting points can no longer be taken for granted

Collini 2012

2

Cannot avoid theory, need to constantly employ theoretical tools.
Notion of dominant paradigms does not neglect the less dominant features of the time

Hubbard et al. 2002

3

Theories can be known as dominant paradigms

Kuhn 1970

4

Ways of knowing drive research but also the creative potential as a discipline.
At broadest = set of statements and psopositions used to explain or interpret

Barnett 2009

5

Different claims forms a set to perform a theory in the singular

Gregory et al. 2009

6

Ways of being

Ontology

7

Ontology and discourse
E.g. power and domination - W devel strategy is seen as the ontological basis. Discourse may produce what is ontologically created.
Using term discourse also implies an ontology as presume that there are discourses - sometimes in discinction from something else e.g. discourse and practice, or discourse and the material world

Bhabha 1983

8

Epistemology - ways of knowing. Theories, philosophies, constantly: refined, challenges, transformed

Aitken and Valentine 2006

9

All theories/knowledges are situated - not neutral or objective. Constructed partial, situated, positioned knowledge: fiction and theory situated
Limitation of feminism - it is theoretically based, so thus relies on a particular way of knowing the world produced from theoretical understanding

Haraway 1990

10

Thus is a multitude of theories - theoretical frameworks never fixed
E.g. diff theoretical understandings of how the finan crisis began

Casatree et al. 2005

11

Theories akin to a map - practical means for understanding, engaging with world once understand theory itself. Provides us with routes and way of understanding what's around

David Harvey 1960

12

Concepts provide direction for thinking - moving beyond what we know

Colebrook 2002

13

Concept of state of emergency - normal space transforms. what are the consequences of this?
E.g. pol authority - who can enter/exist space in event of emergence
ANT can help us understand this trnasformation through relations and networks

Anderson

14

Concept of uneven devel - why areas in relation to UBS decline and then suddenly ^ in value

Smith 1979

15

As a theoretical framework, fem grounded in ontology & epistemology dedicated to:
Producing knowledge that promotes social change

Blunt and Wills 2000

16

Multiple competing models and theories of doing things, all with aim of being consequential. Consensus among geogs at any one time that there is one best way of doing things has seldom been stable

Hubbard et al. 2002

17

Deconstructing binaries of human geog.

Cloke and Johnstone 2004

18

To survive in world, we simplify it - using categs for self-identif - social constructions.
Catego therefore aren't just 'normal' within society, but necessary for it.
Without simplifications, societies couldn't exist e.g. who qualifies for subsidized uni ed?
Categ freq using in creating collective & personal identitie s- binaries - us and them

Jenkins 2000

19

Binary creating difference - much geopol thinking involves promoting 'positive images of 'us' and negatives ones of 'them' - 'nothing can be one thing and its opposite at the same time'

Olsson 1980

20

We need to escape tyranny of dualisms

Pile 1994

21

Third terms

Bhabha 1990

22

Third space combines the material and the symbolic to elude the politics of polarized binaries. Enables emergence of radical new alligiances - old structures of auth challenged. New emancipatory practices - recogs incorporation of excluded others

Doel 1999

23

Critique of fem: theoretical understaning of world informed by comb of local experiences and broad generalisations. Conflict with emancip goals of fem theory to free silenced voices

Raghuram and Marge 2008

24

In order to radically restructure the 'right to theorize', fem theory advocates use of action-oriented, dialogic methodologies to provide resistance X the existing, dominating paradigms.
Dislodge the hierarchic knowlege presented by researchers

Nagar 2012

25

Constructions of societal identities relates to theory of performativity

Butler 1990

26

Social norms legitimized through repetition - constructed phenomena. The identities have no ontological foundations

Huey and Berndt 208

27

Discourses are entangled in networks of power

Gregson and Rose 1999

28

Superiority and inferiority: knowledge legitimizes reps and becomes the organizing system of power

Hall 1992