Flashcards in General Questions Deck (168):
What is the most important Premier Cru of Vougeot?
Le Clos Blanc
What is the Grand Cru of Vougeot?
Clos de Vougeot
What is the most important Premier Cru in Pernand Vergelesses?
What are the Grand Cru of Puligny Montrachet?
Montrachet (also in Chassagne-Montrachet)
Batard-Montrachet (also in Chassagne-Montrachet)
What are the Grand Cru of Chassagne-Montrachet?
Batard Montrachet (both also in Puligny-Montrachet)
What is the largest Grand Cru in Chablis?
Where in the Cote d'Or do most of the longest lasting red wines come from?
The northern end, in and around Gevrey-Chambertin
Who is the most famous grower of Corton?
What are in Cote de Beaune's northern half is known for producing massive, often superlative Chardonnay?
What is Pommard's most prestigious vineyard?
Les Rugiens (Les Rugiens Bas)
Which tends to be lighter in color, Pommard or Volnay?
Which village in Cote de Beaune is known for producing the most powerful red wine?
Les Santenots in Meursault sells red wine under what name?
What's an example of an appellation is considered to make wines slighty less elegant than Volnay, but more powerful than Auxey-Duresses?
What is unusual about Saint Romain, comapred to the rest of Cote d'Or?
It is higher altitude
Which appellation is northwest of Meursault?
What is the vineyard designation for white wine in Blagny? Red wine?
White - Puligny Montrachet
Red - Blagny premier cru
Which two grand cru vineyards are entirely in Puligny-Montrachet?
How many hectares are approved for wine in Chassagne-Montrachet?
What is Chassagne-Montrachet's only grand cru vineyard not shared with Puligny?
Which end of Chassagne-Montrachet produces more red wine?
south end (near Santenay)
Which two grand cru vineyards are located in both Chassagne-Montrachet and Puligny-Montrachet?
Lower-end Chablis is usually oaked. True or False?
How would Chablis soil be described?
"Argilo-calcaire" - Limestone/clay mix, containing fossilized oyster shells.
What was largely responsible for 1960s era encouragement in production in Chablis?
effective frost production
What is the lone grand cru of Vougeot?
Clos de Vougeot
Describe the soil of Chambolle-Musigny
More chalk than clay, covered by a fine silt.
What are the two grand cru vineyards of Chambolle-Musigny?
What type of climate does Chablis have?
What 3 factors caused the sharp decline in Chablis at the end of the 19th century?
opening of Paris-Lyons-Marseilles railway
How many grand cru Chablis are there?
About how far away is Chablis from the rest of Burgundy?
What cru of Beaujolais is the largest by area?
What is the smallest?
Which 3 appellations west to east are north of Vosne Romanee?
Chambolle-Musigny (also north of Flagey Echezeaux)
Which area is larger: Cote de Nuits or Cote de Beaune?
Cote de Beaune
Marl dominated soil is best for what in Burgundy?
Which of the two Cote d'Or sub-regions is home to all the white grand cru?
Cote de Beaune, except Musigny Blanc is in Cote de Nuits
Which of the two sub regions of Cote d'Or is home to all the red Grand Crus?
Cote de Nuits, except Corton is in Beaune
How many Chablis Premier Cru vineyards are there?
Regarding sun, what do Grand Cru Chablis sites all have?
What weather issue is Chablis susceptible to?
What is the soil of Chablis?
What are the percentage levels of production in Burgundy for the 4 levels?
What is the Burgundy AOP system based on?
What soil is typical of southern Burgundy?
What soil is typical of northern Burgundy?
Chalk and clay/marl
What climate does Burgundy have?
What does Cote de Beaune produce more of, red or white?
What minor grape sees production in Les Perrieres?
Which appellation lies between Chassagne-Montrachet and Meursault?
Which appellation is located due northwest of Chassagne-Montrachet?
What is the most noteworthy vineyard on the western end of Santenay?
Which smaller appellation is incorporated into Nuits St Georges?
Which appellation is south of Vosne Romanee?
Nuits St Georges
Name the two monopoles of Domaine de la Romanee Conti
Which of Romanee St Vivant/Romanee Conti has poorer soil? Which is lower in elevation?
La Romanee Conti
Romanee St Vivant
What are three more reputable premier crus in Santenay?
Cros de Tavannes
Are Santenay's wines known as rustic or elegant?
Santenay's soils are more rich in what than most of Cote d'Or?
What does "lieu dit" mean?
specific vineyard name
How many premier crus are in Cote d'Or?
Where is Santenay?
southern end of Cote de Beaune
Which is more hilly and rough, Cote de Nuits or Cote de Beaune?
Cote de Nuits
What kind of soil is prevalent in Burgundy?
marlstone (lime, clay soil)
What is the average acreage holding in Burgundy?
15 acres of 6 hectares
How could the soil of Beaujolais be described?
Sandy clay over granite
What is the French word for "plot of vines"?
The Grand Cru appellation of Corton Charlemagne is located in which two appellations?
What is considered the most important village in Cote Chalonnaise?
What non-traditional Burgundian wine comes out of Rully?
Cremant de Bourgogne
Which commune is the only one to have a single-village Aligote?
What is the red/white % in Montagny?
Which produces more white than red, Rully or Mercurey?
What are the 5 different villages of Pouilly-Fuisse?
What two villages in Maconnais were given their own single appellation together in 1998?
Which appellation is north of Savigny-les-Beaune?
What appellation borders Savigny les Beaune to the east?
What village in Burgundy is divided by the river Rhoin?
noted Premier Cru vineyards Les Greves, Les Bressandes, Les Teurons are located where?
What % of Beaune vineyards are Premier Cru designation?
Clos de Tart is a monopole in Morey Saint Denis founded by whom? When?
Cistercian sisters of Notre Dame de Genlis, in 1250
What are the 4 Grand Cru vineyards wholly in Morey Saint Denis?
Clos de la Roche
Clos St Denis
Clos des Lambrays
Clos de Tart
What is the main soil difference in Beaune compared to the rest of Cote de Beaune? What does this cause?
More sand. Only medium-bodied wines, best drunk between 5-10 years.
In which appellation do negociants like Louis Jadot, Joseph Drouhin, Louis Latour, Bouchard Pere et Fils make their home?
How would soil in the southern part of St Veran be described?
red, acidic and sandy
What are the two small communes east of Pouilly-Fuisse?
What are the four villages of the St Veran appellation?
How much of Burgundy's white wine does the Maconnais produce?
Are wines from Morey St Denis usually lighter or heavier than wines from Gevrey Chambertin?
What is the village between Gevrey-Chambertin and Fixin? Under what name are their wines bottled?
Cote de Nuits Villages
How many Grand Cru are in Morey St Denis?
What is the annual production of Burgundy (without Beaujolais)?
1.5 million hectolitres
How much of French AOP production is in Burgundy?
What is the elevation of Chablis?
What is the primary soil of Petit Chablis?
What are the permitted training methods in Chablis?
Guyot (simple or double), Cordon de Royat, Taille Chablis
Burgundian vineyards were entrusted to Christian monasteries as early as when?
6th Century AD
When was the Napoleonic Code established?
When did negociants first appear?
Early 18th Century
What city is at the northern end of Cote de Nuits?
What is selection massale?
Propagating vines from multiple budwoods throughout a vineyard, as opposed to one, which would be cloning.
What is a synonym for Pinot Gris in Burgundy?
What are the 4 lieu-dits approved for Bourgogne AOP?
La Chappelle Notre Dame
Cote St Jacques
What was Coteaux Bourguignons formerly known as?
Bourgogne Grand Ordinaire
What is the unofficial 8th grand cru of Chablis? Where is it?
Les Preuses and Valdesir
What is a "piece?
A 228 liter oak barrel.
Which villages in Cote de Nuits do not have their own AOP?
What are wines from Chambolle-Musigny typically describes as?
Silky charm, emphasizing elegance over power.
What is the smallest AOP in France?
What was the last grand cru to be promoted?
La Grande Rue in Vosne-Romanee, 1992
What is the very rarely used Grand Cru in Cote de Beaune?
What is the smallest white wine grand cru in Burgundy?
How much of Cote Chalonnaise's output is Mercurey responsible for?
What is largely produced in Rully?
Cremant de Bourgogne
Maconnais white wines are typically what?
Lean, high in acidity, and vinified in stainless steel.
What kind of soil is in Southern Beaujolais?
During carbonic maceration, what is the alcohol level where the grape will die?
Where is Coteaux du Lyonnais?
About an hour south of Beaujolais
What are the 5 largest Grand Cru of Cote de Nuits?
1. Clos de Vougeot (50.59ha, red, Vougeot)
2. Echezeaux (37.69ha, red, Flagey-Echezeaux)
3. Charmes-Chambertin (30.83ha, red, Gevrey-Chambertin)
4. Clos de la Roche (16.9ha, red, Morey Saint Denis)
5. Chambertin Clos de Beze (15.4ha, red, Gevrey-Chambertin)
What are the 2 largest Grand Cru of Cote de Beaune?
1. Corton (97.6ha, mostly red but 3.7ha white, Aloxe-Corton/Ladoix-Serrigny/Pernand-Vergelesses)
2. Corton-Charlemagne (71.88ha, white, Aloxe-Corton/Ladoix-Serrigny/Pernand Vergelesses)
What are the Grand Cru of Cote de Nuits smaller than 2 hectares?
La Romanee - 0.85ha
La Grande Rue - 1.65ha
Romanee-Conti - 1.81ha
How many growers are in Richebourg?
How many growers are in La Romanee? Who?
1, Chateau du Vosne Romanee
Who has a monopole of La Grande Rue?
Domaine Francois Lamarche.
What river flows through Maconnais?
What joins the Yonne and Saone rivers?
The Canal of Burgundy
The northern tip of Cote de Nuits is just south of what?
The city of Dijon
What bodies of water meet the southern end of Cote de Beaune?
Canal du Centre Burgnudy and just north of that, the Dheune river.
What city is just east of Givry?
What is metayage?
How many Bourgogne AOP Geographical desginations are there? What are they?
Cote du Couchois
Cote Saint Jacques
Hautes Cote de Beaune
Hautes Cote de Nuits
La Chapelle Notre-Dame
Where are DRCs holdings?
Romanee Conti - Monopole - 1.81 hectares
La Tache - Monopole - 6.06 hectares
Richebourg - 3.51 hectares
Romanee St Vivant - 5.28 hectares
Grands Echezeaux - 3.52 hectares
Echezeaux - 4.67 hectares
Montrachet - 0.67 hectares
What renowned vineyard site in Puligny Montrachet is mostly Grand Cru but partially Premier Cru? And what are the GC and PC classifications?
La Romanee is a monopole for who?
What is widely considered to be the top Premier Cru of Chablis?
Montee de Tonnerre
What are the three lieu-dits in Montee de Tonnerre?
Cote de Brechain
What are the four lieu-dits in Fourchaume?
Cote de Fontenay
What is often considered to be the top vineyard site in Auxey?
Clos du Val
What are the names for the northern and southern sector of Musigny?
Northern = Grand Musigny
Southern = Les Petits Musigny
What is the largest premier cru of Chassagne-Montrachet?
What is typically the coolest site in Grand Cry Gevrey Chambertin?
What is the steepest Grand Cru in Gevrey Chambertin?
Where is Vigne de l'Enfant Jesus?
In Les Greves in Beaune.
What are reasons for higher prices in Burgundy?
Price of land
The Burgundians were originally what?
What was the first group of monks to acquire vineyards on a large scale?
The Benedictines of Cluny
What was the second monastic group to get involved in vine ownership?
What were the Cistercians known for much more than Cluny?
austerity and no indulgance
Where did Cistercians produce the first wine of a region?
What was the Cistercians big walled vineyard? When did they "acquire" it?
Clos de Vougeot, 1336.
Why was white wine preferred in the 12th and 13th centuries?
For clarity, because of drinking water.
What was Burgundy known as until the 15th Century?
What and when were the first negociant houses?
Bouchard Pere & Fils, 1731
When were vineyards sold off from the church?
After the French Revolution, 1791
When did powdery mildew affect Burgundy?
When did phylloxera affect Burgundy
How does Burgundy's climate compare to Bordeaux?
Continental, colder in winter, similar in spring, slightly cooler in summer
What solution helped small vineyard/businesses during the great depression?
Who pioneered domaine bottling and when?
1930s: Marquis d'Angerville, Henri Gouges, Armand Rousseau
Domaine bottles accounted for what percentage in 1962. How about the 1990s?
What wine merchants were largely responsible for introducing domaine bottlings to America, and when?
Who might be considered the 5 most important Burgundian negociants?
Bouchard Pere & Fils
What does "mis en bouteille au domaine" mean?
The wine is made from fruit grown on their own estate
When was the Chablis AOP created?
Who ordered Gamay grapes to be ripped up in favor of Pinot Noir?
Philip the Bold
Appx how many growers are there of Clos Vougeot?
more than 80
Who is the largest landowner in the Cote d'Or?
Bouchard Pere et Fils