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Flashcards in General Questions Deck (168):
1

What is the most important Premier Cru of Vougeot?

Le Clos Blanc

2

What is the Grand Cru of Vougeot?

Clos de Vougeot

3

What is the most important Premier Cru in Pernand Vergelesses?

Vergelesses

4

What are the Grand Cru of Puligny Montrachet?

Chevalier-Montrachet
Montrachet (also in Chassagne-Montrachet)
Bienvenues-Batard-Montrachet
Batard-Montrachet (also in Chassagne-Montrachet)

5

What are the Grand Cru of Chassagne-Montrachet?

Montrachet
Batard Montrachet (both also in Puligny-Montrachet)

6

What is the largest Grand Cru in Chablis?

Les Clos

7

Where in the Cote d'Or do most of the longest lasting red wines come from?

The northern end, in and around Gevrey-Chambertin

8

Who is the most famous grower of Corton?

Louis Latour

9

What are in Cote de Beaune's northern half is known for producing massive, often superlative Chardonnay?

Charlemagne

10

What is Pommard's most prestigious vineyard?

Les Rugiens (Les Rugiens Bas)

11

Which tends to be lighter in color, Pommard or Volnay?

Volnay

12

Which village in Cote de Beaune is known for producing the most powerful red wine?

Pommard

13

Les Santenots in Meursault sells red wine under what name?

Volnay Santenots

14

What's an example of an appellation is considered to make wines slighty less elegant than Volnay, but more powerful than Auxey-Duresses?

Monthelie

15

What is unusual about Saint Romain, comapred to the rest of Cote d'Or?

It is higher altitude

16

Which appellation is northwest of Meursault?

Auxey-Duresses

17

What is the vineyard designation for white wine in Blagny? Red wine?

White - Puligny Montrachet
Red - Blagny premier cru

18

Which two grand cru vineyards are entirely in Puligny-Montrachet?

Chevalier-Montrachet
Bienvenues-Batard-Montrachet

19

How many hectares are approved for wine in Chassagne-Montrachet?

300 hectares

20

What is Chassagne-Montrachet's only grand cru vineyard not shared with Puligny?

Criots-Batard-Montrachet

21

Which end of Chassagne-Montrachet produces more red wine?

south end (near Santenay)

22

Which two grand cru vineyards are located in both Chassagne-Montrachet and Puligny-Montrachet?

Le Montrachet
Batard Montrachet

23

Lower-end Chablis is usually oaked. True or False?

False

24

How would Chablis soil be described?

"Argilo-calcaire" - Limestone/clay mix, containing fossilized oyster shells.

25

What was largely responsible for 1960s era encouragement in production in Chablis?

effective frost production

26

What is the lone grand cru of Vougeot?

Clos de Vougeot

27

Describe the soil of Chambolle-Musigny

More chalk than clay, covered by a fine silt.

28

What are the two grand cru vineyards of Chambolle-Musigny?

Le Musigny
Bonnes Mares

29

What type of climate does Chablis have?

semi-continental

30

What 3 factors caused the sharp decline in Chablis at the end of the 19th century?

powdery mildew
phylloxera
opening of Paris-Lyons-Marseilles railway

31

How many grand cru Chablis are there?

7

32

About how far away is Chablis from the rest of Burgundy?

100km/62 miles

33

What cru of Beaujolais is the largest by area?
What is the smallest?

Brouilly
Chenas

34

Which 3 appellations west to east are north of Vosne Romanee?

Flagey-Echezeaux
Chambolle-Musigny (also north of Flagey Echezeaux)
Vougeot

35

Which area is larger: Cote de Nuits or Cote de Beaune?

Cote de Beaune

36

Marl dominated soil is best for what in Burgundy?

reds

37

Which of the two Cote d'Or sub-regions is home to all the white grand cru?

Cote de Beaune, except Musigny Blanc is in Cote de Nuits

38

Which of the two sub regions of Cote d'Or is home to all the red Grand Crus?

Cote de Nuits, except Corton is in Beaune

39

How many Chablis Premier Cru vineyards are there?

40

40

Regarding sun, what do Grand Cru Chablis sites all have?

southwest exposure

41

What weather issue is Chablis susceptible to?

late frosts

42

What is the soil of Chablis?

Kimmeridginan Clay/Limestone

43

What are the percentage levels of production in Burgundy for the 4 levels?
-Regional Apellations
-Village
-Premier Cru
-Grand Cru

56%
30%
12%
2%

44

What is the Burgundy AOP system based on?

terroir

45

What soil is typical of southern Burgundy?

granite

46

What soil is typical of northern Burgundy?

Chalk and clay/marl

47

What climate does Burgundy have?

continental

48

What does Cote de Beaune produce more of, red or white?

red

49

What minor grape sees production in Les Perrieres?

Pinot Blanc

50

Which appellation lies between Chassagne-Montrachet and Meursault?

Puligny-Montrachet

51

Which appellation is located due northwest of Chassagne-Montrachet?

St Aubin

52

What is the most noteworthy vineyard on the western end of Santenay?

Clos Rousseau

53

Which smaller appellation is incorporated into Nuits St Georges?

Premeaux-Prissey

54

Which appellation is south of Vosne Romanee?

Nuits St Georges

55

Name the two monopoles of Domaine de la Romanee Conti

Romanee-Conti
La Tache

56

Which of Romanee St Vivant/Romanee Conti has poorer soil? Which is lower in elevation?

La Romanee Conti

Romanee St Vivant

57

What are three more reputable premier crus in Santenay?

La Comme
Cros de Tavannes
Les Gravieres

58

Are Santenay's wines known as rustic or elegant?

rustic

59

Santenay's soils are more rich in what than most of Cote d'Or?

marl

60

What does "lieu dit" mean?

specific vineyard name

61

How many premier crus are in Cote d'Or?

561

62

Where is Santenay?

southern end of Cote de Beaune

63

Which is more hilly and rough, Cote de Nuits or Cote de Beaune?

Cote de Nuits

64

What kind of soil is prevalent in Burgundy?

marlstone (lime, clay soil)

65

What is the average acreage holding in Burgundy?

15 acres of 6 hectares

66

How could the soil of Beaujolais be described?

Sandy clay over granite

67

What is the French word for "plot of vines"?

climat

68

The Grand Cru appellation of Corton Charlemagne is located in which two appellations?

Pernand-Vergelesses
Aloxe-Corton

69

What is considered the most important village in Cote Chalonnaise?

Mercurey

70

What non-traditional Burgundian wine comes out of Rully?

Cremant de Bourgogne

71

Which commune is the only one to have a single-village Aligote?

Bouzeron

72

What is the red/white % in Montagny?

100% white

73

Which produces more white than red, Rully or Mercurey?

Rully

74

What are the 5 different villages of Pouilly-Fuisse?

Vergisson
Solutre-Pouilly
Fuisse
Chaintre
Pouilly

75

What two villages in Maconnais were given their own single appellation together in 1998?

Vire-Clesse

76

Which appellation is north of Savigny-les-Beaune?

Pernand-Vergelesses

77

What appellation borders Savigny les Beaune to the east?

Chorey-Les-Beaune

78

What village in Burgundy is divided by the river Rhoin?

Savigny-les-Beaune

79

noted Premier Cru vineyards Les Greves, Les Bressandes, Les Teurons are located where?

Beaune

80

What % of Beaune vineyards are Premier Cru designation?

almost 75%

81

Clos de Tart is a monopole in Morey Saint Denis founded by whom? When?

Cistercian sisters of Notre Dame de Genlis, in 1250

82

What are the 4 Grand Cru vineyards wholly in Morey Saint Denis?

Clos de la Roche
Clos St Denis
Clos des Lambrays
Clos de Tart

83

What is the main soil difference in Beaune compared to the rest of Cote de Beaune? What does this cause?

More sand. Only medium-bodied wines, best drunk between 5-10 years.

84

In which appellation do negociants like Louis Jadot, Joseph Drouhin, Louis Latour, Bouchard Pere et Fils make their home?

Beaune

85

How would soil in the southern part of St Veran be described?

red, acidic and sandy

86

What are the two small communes east of Pouilly-Fuisse?

Pouilly-Vinzelles
Pouilly-Loche

87

What are the four villages of the St Veran appellation?

Chasselas
Leynes
St Verand
Chanes

88

How much of Burgundy's white wine does the Maconnais produce?

75%

89

Are wines from Morey St Denis usually lighter or heavier than wines from Gevrey Chambertin?

lighter

90

What is the village between Gevrey-Chambertin and Fixin? Under what name are their wines bottled?

Brochon

Cote de Nuits Villages

91

How many Grand Cru are in Morey St Denis?

5

92

What is the annual production of Burgundy (without Beaujolais)?

1.5 million hectolitres

93

How much of French AOP production is in Burgundy?

6.5%

94

What is the elevation of Chablis?

93-217m

95

What is the primary soil of Petit Chablis?

Portlandian limestone

96

What are the permitted training methods in Chablis?

Guyot (simple or double), Cordon de Royat, Taille Chablis

97

Burgundian vineyards were entrusted to Christian monasteries as early as when?

6th Century AD

98

When was the Napoleonic Code established?

1804

99

When did negociants first appear?

Early 18th Century

100

What city is at the northern end of Cote de Nuits?

Dijon

101

What is selection massale?

Propagating vines from multiple budwoods throughout a vineyard, as opposed to one, which would be cloning.

102

What is a synonym for Pinot Gris in Burgundy?

Pinot Beurot

103

What are the 4 lieu-dits approved for Bourgogne AOP?

La Chappelle Notre Dame
Le Chapitre
Cote St Jacques
Montrecul

104

What was Coteaux Bourguignons formerly known as?

Bourgogne Grand Ordinaire

105

What is the unofficial 8th grand cru of Chablis? Where is it?

La Moutonne

Les Preuses and Valdesir

106

What is a "piece?

A 228 liter oak barrel.

107

Which villages in Cote de Nuits do not have their own AOP?

Flagey-Echezeaux
Premeaux

108

What are wines from Chambolle-Musigny typically describes as?

Silky charm, emphasizing elegance over power.

109

What is the smallest AOP in France?

La Romanee

110

What was the last grand cru to be promoted?

La Grande Rue in Vosne-Romanee, 1992

111

What is the very rarely used Grand Cru in Cote de Beaune?

Charlemagne

112

What is the smallest white wine grand cru in Burgundy?

Criots-Batard-Montrachet

113

How much of Cote Chalonnaise's output is Mercurey responsible for?

About 2/3s

114

What is largely produced in Rully?

Cremant de Bourgogne

115

Maconnais white wines are typically what?

Lean, high in acidity, and vinified in stainless steel.

116

What kind of soil is in Southern Beaujolais?

clay

117

During carbonic maceration, what is the alcohol level where the grape will die?

2%

118

Where is Coteaux du Lyonnais?

About an hour south of Beaujolais

119

What are the 5 largest Grand Cru of Cote de Nuits?

1. Clos de Vougeot (50.59ha, red, Vougeot)
2. Echezeaux (37.69ha, red, Flagey-Echezeaux)
3. Charmes-Chambertin (30.83ha, red, Gevrey-Chambertin)
4. Clos de la Roche (16.9ha, red, Morey Saint Denis)
5. Chambertin Clos de Beze (15.4ha, red, Gevrey-Chambertin)

120

What are the 2 largest Grand Cru of Cote de Beaune?

1. Corton (97.6ha, mostly red but 3.7ha white, Aloxe-Corton/Ladoix-Serrigny/Pernand-Vergelesses)
2. Corton-Charlemagne (71.88ha, white, Aloxe-Corton/Ladoix-Serrigny/Pernand Vergelesses)

121

What are the Grand Cru of Cote de Nuits smaller than 2 hectares?

La Romanee - 0.85ha
La Grande Rue - 1.65ha
Romanee-Conti - 1.81ha

122

How many growers are in Richebourg?

10

123

How many growers are in La Romanee? Who?

1, Chateau du Vosne Romanee

124

Who has a monopole of La Grande Rue?

Domaine Francois Lamarche.

125

What river flows through Maconnais?

Saone

126

What joins the Yonne and Saone rivers?

The Canal of Burgundy

127

The northern tip of Cote de Nuits is just south of what?

The city of Dijon

128

What bodies of water meet the southern end of Cote de Beaune?

Canal du Centre Burgnudy and just north of that, the Dheune river.

129

What city is just east of Givry?

Chalon-sur-Saone

130

What is metayage?

Sharecropping

131

How many Bourgogne AOP Geographical desginations are there? What are they?

14

Chitry
Cote d'Auxerre
Cote Chalonnaise
Cote du Couchois
Cote Saint Jacques
Coulanges-le-Vineuse
Epineuil
Hautes Cote de Beaune
Hautes Cote de Nuits
La Chapelle Notre-Dame
Le Chapitre
Montrecul
Tonnere
Vezelay

132

Where are DRCs holdings?

Romanee Conti - Monopole - 1.81 hectares
La Tache - Monopole - 6.06 hectares
Richebourg - 3.51 hectares
Romanee St Vivant - 5.28 hectares
Grands Echezeaux - 3.52 hectares
Echezeaux - 4.67 hectares
Montrachet - 0.67 hectares

133

What renowned vineyard site in Puligny Montrachet is mostly Grand Cru but partially Premier Cru? And what are the GC and PC classifications?

Les Demoiselles.

Chevalier-Montrachet
Cailleret

134

La Romanee is a monopole for who?

Comte Liger-Belair

135

What is widely considered to be the top Premier Cru of Chablis?

Montee de Tonnerre

136

What are the three lieu-dits in Montee de Tonnerre?

Chapelot
Cote de Brechain
Pied d'Aloup

137

What are the four lieu-dits in Fourchaume?

Cote de Fontenay
L'Homme Mort
Vaulorent
Vaupulent

138

What is often considered to be the top vineyard site in Auxey?

Clos du Val

139

What are the names for the northern and southern sector of Musigny?

Northern = Grand Musigny
Southern = Les Petits Musigny

140

What is the largest premier cru of Chassagne-Montrachet?

Morgeot

141

What is typically the coolest site in Grand Cry Gevrey Chambertin?

Latricieres-Chambertin

142

What is the steepest Grand Cru in Gevrey Chambertin?

Ruchottes-Chambertin

143

Where is Vigne de l'Enfant Jesus?

In Les Greves in Beaune.

144

What are reasons for higher prices in Burgundy?

Price of land
Small ops
Smaller yields

145

The Burgundians were originally what?

Scandinavian

146

What was the first group of monks to acquire vineyards on a large scale?

The Benedictines of Cluny

147

What was the second monastic group to get involved in vine ownership?

Cistercians

148

What were the Cistercians known for much more than Cluny?

austerity and no indulgance

149

Where did Cistercians produce the first wine of a region?

Chablis

150

What was the Cistercians big walled vineyard? When did they "acquire" it?

Clos de Vougeot, 1336.

151

Why was white wine preferred in the 12th and 13th centuries?

For clarity, because of drinking water.

152

What was Burgundy known as until the 15th Century?

Beaune

153

What and when were the first negociant houses?

Champy, 1720
Bouchard Pere & Fils, 1731

154

When were vineyards sold off from the church?

After the French Revolution, 1791

155

When did powdery mildew affect Burgundy?

1850s

156

When did phylloxera affect Burgundy

1870s

157

How does Burgundy's climate compare to Bordeaux?

Continental, colder in winter, similar in spring, slightly cooler in summer

158

What solution helped small vineyard/businesses during the great depression?

co-operatives

159

Who pioneered domaine bottling and when?

1930s: Marquis d'Angerville, Henri Gouges, Armand Rousseau

160

Domaine bottles accounted for what percentage in 1962. How about the 1990s?

15%

Almost half

161

What wine merchants were largely responsible for introducing domaine bottlings to America, and when?

Frank Schoonmaker
Alexis Lichine

162

Who might be considered the 5 most important Burgundian negociants?

Louis Latour
Louis Jadot
Joseph Drouhin
Bouchard Pere & Fils
Boisset

163

What does "mis en bouteille au domaine" mean?

The wine is made from fruit grown on their own estate

164

When was the Chablis AOP created?

1938

165

Who ordered Gamay grapes to be ripped up in favor of Pinot Noir?

Philip the Bold

166

Appx how many growers are there of Clos Vougeot?

more than 80

167

Who is the largest landowner in the Cote d'Or?

Bouchard Pere et Fils

168

What is Pinot Gris often known as in Burgundy?

Beurot