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Flashcards in General survey, VS Deck (43):
1

General survey

Study of whole person: -covers general health stats & obvious physical characteristics -objective parameters used to form general survey (apply to whole person, not just 1 body system) -launch gen. survey @ moment you first encounter pt

2

General Survey-Inspection of Physical appearance

3

General Survey- Inspection of body structure

4

General Survey: Position

5

General Survey- Behavior

6

General Survey Dress

7

General Survey Mobility

8

Older Adult Developmental Considerations

9

Vital Signs

10

TPR BP

T – Temperature (in Farenheit or Celcius)

P – Pulse (beats per minute)

R – Respirations (breaths per minute)

BP – Blood Pressure (systolic/diastolic, mm of Hg)

11

When to assess Vital Signs

12

Maintenance of Body T

13

Heat Production & Conservation

14

Heat Loss

15

Temperature Variations in Parts of Body

16

Temperature Routes

17

Normal Temperatures for Healhty Adults

18

Other factors affecting Body Temperature

19

NANDA Diagnosis

20

Example of NANDA Diagnosis

21

Sites for Assessing Pulse

22

Pulse -Assessing Pulse

Tachy

Brady 

Sinus Arrythmia

23

Respirations

Pulmonary ventilation

Normal RR

24

Why do we breathe/what affects rate? 

25

Factors Affecting Respirations

26

Assessing Respirations

27

Physiology of Blood Pressure

28

What is Systolic

What is Diastolic

What is Pulse Pressure

29

Mean Arterial Pressure

(MAP)

30

Factors Controlling BP

-Cardiac Output(incr/decr)

-Vascular resistance (incr/decr)

-Vol (incr/decr)

-Viscocity (incr)

Elasticity of arterial walls(incr rigidity)

Notes: Arthrosclerosis is the build up of plaque, narrows the vessel walls (vasoconstricts)

 

Arterial sclerosis: hardening of artery walls with aging(elasticity is lost)

31

Factors affecting BP

32

Equipment for Assessing BP

33

Arterial Pulses Used for BP

34

Korotkoff sounds

35

Assessing BP Procedure

36

Adult Blood Pressure Classifications:

Normal

Prehypertension

Stage I Hypertension

Stage 2 Hypertension

37

Thigh Blood Pressure

-Coarctation of Aorta

38

Use of Doppler

39

When to take

Orthostatic (Postural Vital Signs)

40

+ Orthostatic Hypotension

41

Normal Ranges of Vital Signs for Healthy Adults

Oral T

PR(Pulse Rate)

R(Respirations)

BP

Example

 

42

Older Adult Vital Signs

T

P

R

BP

43

Stroke Volume

the volume of blood ejected with each heartbeat

 

Systolic-Diastolic=Stroke Volume

120-80=40mmHg