General Words and grammar Flashcards Preview

Italian > General Words and grammar > Flashcards

Flashcards in General Words and grammar Deck (121):
1

I

Io

2

You (fam sing)

Tu

3

He

Lui

4

She

lei

5

You (formal sing)

Lei

6

We

Noi

7

You (fam pl)

Voi

8

They

Loro

9

You (formal pl)

Loro

10

I am

Io sono

11

You are - familiar, singular

Tu sei

12

He is

Lui è

13

She is

Lei è

14

You are - formal singular

Lei è

15

We are

Noi siamo

16

You are - familiar plural

Voi siete

17

They are

Ioro sono

18

You are - formal plural

Loro sono

19

How do you make a verb negative?

Adding a non before the verb E.g. Fillipo non è in classe Fillipo is not in class

20

How can questions be structured?

Verb at the beginning or end E.g. È studentessa gabriella? Gabriella è studentessa? = is gabriella a student?

21

Io

I

22

Tu

You (fam sing)

23

Lui

He

24

lei

She

25

Lei

You (formal sing)

26

Noi

We

27

Voi

You (fam pl)

28

Loro

They

29

Loro

You (formal pl)

30

Io sono

I am

31

Tu sei

You are - familiar, singular

32

Lui è

He is

33

Lei è

She is

34

Lei è

You are - formal singular

35

Noi siamo

We are

36

Voi siete

You are - familiar plural

37

Ioro sono

They are

38

Loro sono

You are - formal plural

39

Sono a casa Loro stasera?

Are you at home tonight? (formal)

40

Maria e a casa, lei non sta bene

Maria is at home, she does not feel well

41

Io sono di pisa, e tu?

i am from Pisa, and you?

42

Siete a scuola voi oggi?

are you in school today?

43

Luigi e italiano

Luigi is italian

44

Marco e io siamo studenti

Marco and I are students

45

Tu e Piero siete buoni amici

you and Piero are good friends (familiar)

46

non siamo a teatro

we are not at the theatre 

47

Filippo non e in classe

Filippo is not in class

48

C'e

There is

49

Ci Sono

There are 

50

Non c'e

there is not

51

Non ci sono

There are not

52

Ecco

Point out something in sight

 

Look

Here is

There is

There are

53

Ecco l'autobus

There is the bus

54

Are nouns ending in O masculine or feminine?

masculine

55

Are nouns ending in A masculine or feminine?

Feminine

56

Are nouns ending in E masculine or feminine?

Can be both!

57

Are nouns ending in ORE masculine or feminine?

masculine

58

Are nouns ending in a CONSONANT masculine or feminine?

masculine

59

Are nouns ending in IONE masculine or feminine?

feminine

60

Plural: O changes to...

I

61

Plural: A changes to...

e

62

Plural: E changes to...

I

63

Plural: what kind of nouns are invariable (i.e. the plural doesnt change)?

Nouns ending in: accented vowels, consonant

Nouns that are abbreviated (e.g. cinema, foto)

 

64

Plural: CA changes to...

CHE

65

Plural: GA changes to...

GHE

66

Plural: IO changes to...

I

67

Indefinite articles

masculine or feminine forms depending on word

68

If a word begins with a consonant, what INDEFINITE article do you use?

masculine: UN

feminine: UNA

69

If a word begins with a vowel, what INDEFINITE article do you use?

Masculine: un

Feminine: un'

70

If a word begins with a Z, what INDEFINITE article do you use?

masculine: uno

feminine: una

71

If a word begins with a S+CONSONANT, what INDEFINITE article do you use?

masculine: uno

feminine: una

72

When is an INDEFINITE article omitted?

when a noun indicates a profession (e.g. dottore, proffessore)

73

What is a DEFINITIVE article?

agrees with the noun in gender and number (sing vs. pl)

74

If a word begins with a consonant, what DEFINITE article do you use?

MASCULINE: sing: il, pl: i

FEMININE: sing: la, pl: le

75

If a word begins with a vowel, what DEFINITE article do you use?

MASCULINE: sing: l'  , pl: gli

FEMININE: sing: l'  , pl: le

76

If a word begins with a Z, what DEFINITE article do you use?

MASCULINE: sing: lo, pl: gli

77

If a word begins with a S+CONSONANT, what DEFINITE article do you use?

MASCULINE: sing: lo, pl: gli

78

What article do you use when addressing someone?

No article,

yet drop the final E when following with their name

e.g. dottore Lisi = dottor Lisi, proffessore Lisi = proffessor Lisi

79

What article do you use when talking ABOUT someone?

Use the appropriate article dep on masc or fem.

80

Chi

Who/Whom

81

Che cosa

What

82

What

Che cosa

Cosa

Che

83

Cosa

What

84

Che

What

85

Come

How / Like what

86

Dove

Where

87

Quando

When

88

What happens when Cosa, Come and Dove are placed before e?

 

e.g. cose e un pronoun?

Becomes: Cos'e, com'e, dov'e

 

e.g. cos'e un pronoun? what is a pronoun?

89

Chi e Marcello?

Who is marcello?

90

Quando sei a casa?

When are you home?

91

Are you at home tonight? (formal)

Sono a casa Loro stasera?

92

Maria is at home, she does not feel well

Maria e a casa, lei non sta bene

93

i am from Pisa, and you?

Io sono di pisa, e tu?

94

are you in school today?

Siete a scuola voi oggi?

95

Luigi is italian

Luigi e italiano

96

Marco and I are students

Marco e io siamo studenti

97

you and Piero are good friends (familiar)

Tu e Piero siete buoni amici

98

we are not at the theatre 

non siamo a teatro

99

Filippo is not in class

Filippo non e in classe

100

There is

C'e

101

There are 

Ci Sono

102

there is not

Non c'e

103

There are not

Non ci sono

104

Point out something in sight

 

Look

Here is

There is

There are

Ecco

105

There is the bus

Ecco l'autobus

106

Who/Whom

Chi

107

How / Like what

Come

108

Where

Dove

109

When

Quando

110


Do prepositions proceed the word it modifies?

 

to town, in summer, from here, outside of the home, over the table, behind the barrier, underneath the car


yes!

E.g. What are you thinking of/about? = A che cosa pensi?

111

a

in, at, to

112

anche

also, too, as well

113

con

with

114

di, d'

of, from

115

e, ed

and (often before a vowel)

116

per

for

117

perché

why?; because

118

stasera

tonight

119


Da


by/from

120

su


on

121

con


with