Genes and Behavior Flashcards Preview

Neurobiology > Genes and Behavior > Flashcards

Flashcards in Genes and Behavior Deck (12):
1

Genotype

What genes say

2

Phenotype

What is manifested physically

3

Circadian rhythms in fruit flies

per & tim

4

Obesity in mice

leptin

5

Clumping vs solitary in C elegans

NPY

6

Imprinting

Genes expression is determined by the parent that contributed them

7

Epigenetics

Tags you get in the womb that turn on or off genes. Methyl groups

8

Prader-Willi

Child receives abnormal chromosome from father
Associated with obesity and psychiatric symptoms

9

Angelman Syndrome

Child receives abnormal chromosome from mother
Associated with mental retardation, epilepsy, absence of speech, hyperactivity, and inappropriate laughter

10

PKU

Child has two abnormal copies of a gene that codes for the enzyme. Children who dont eat proteins won't have problems.

11

Common variant

Common mutations with small individual risk interact together to cause a disorder

12

Rare monogenic model

Many genes can cause a disorder. One mutation alone can cause a disorder, but they are extremely rare