Genetic Disorders Flashcards Preview

Reproduction > Genetic Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Genetic Disorders Deck (7)
Loading flashcards...
1

Types of mutations

Addition/insertion

Subtraction/deletion

Substitution

2

How can mutations occur?

Meiosis 1- homologous pairs fail to separate

Meiosis 2- sister chromatids fail to separate

3

Karyotype

Picture of chromosomes risked during mitosis

4

Down syndrome

Trisomy 21

When the 21 chromosome pair had 3 chromosomes

5

Turner syndrome

The individual is healthy but they only have 1 sex chromosome.

Always girls

6

Klinefelter syndrome

Trisomy 23

Males who have an extra X chromosome (XXY) it is the absence of ovation function which leads to unusual physical traits

7

Thonspodition

When order is switched