global exam jan 7 Flashcards
how did Rome grow in size?
through conquering other areas and trade on the Mediterranean sea
identify one way the geography of Rome was different than Greece
the land was flatter and the soil was more fertile
what geographic features made it possible for the romans to unite the Italian peninsula
the flat land and the Mediterranean sea
describe the location of the Mediterranean Sea complex
it borders Europe, North Africa, and Western Asia
which body of water helped merchants trade their goods
what geographic features impacted the rise of the classical civilizations in India? how did those features impact the civilizations
the two Indian rivers, the Ganges and the Indus.
they allowed for trade, transportation, and agriculture
what were the Indus River valley civilizations 2 largest settlements and what made them more sophisticated than other settlements at the time
the Harappa and the Mohenjo-Daro, which were more sophisticated because of their street grid pattern and drainage systems
describe the location of ancient greece
north of the Mediterranean Sea and west of the Aegean Sea
what effect did the punic wars have on Rome’s dominance over other regions?
it increased their dominance and power
who fought in the punic wars?
Rome, led by Hannibal
Carthrage, led by scipio
how did the punic wars begin?
rome and Carthage both wanted control of Sicily
who was Alexander the great and how did he gain power?
he was an important leader and great military general. he gained power quickly by conquering surrounding areas
was Athens a true democracy
no because only, land-owning, male citizens could vote and decide for the people. this was only 12% of the population.
who was shi huangdi? what was china like before he ruled and what was it like once he started
a Chinese leader who unified china and practiced legalism. before his rule, china was decided into warring states. after, china was unified
how did legalism help shi huangdi gain and maintain power
his strict laws and punishments ensured no one would disobey him.
ex: he killed scholars that spoke out against him
ex: he burned books that weren’t about agriculture, medicine, or divination