Glucose Oxidation Flashcards Preview

Physiology > Glucose Oxidation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Glucose Oxidation Deck (16):
1

What is the reaction that mostly all cells rely on to provide energy?

Glucose oxidation

2

Why do cells carry out cellular respiration?

To produce ATP

3

Do all cells utilize cellular respiration?

Yes

4

The energy needed to produce ATP comes from? Where are these provided from?

Substrates(glucose, lipid, and amino acid). Ingestion of food.

5

Equation for cellular respiration.

C6H12O6 + 6O2 ---> 6CO2 + 6H2O + 36 ATP

6

Chemical composition of glucose

C6H12O6.

7

How many moles of oxygen must be used in order to oxidize one molecule of glucose?

6.

8

ATP is synthesized from what?

ADP and a phosphate.

9

What is oxidized in cellular respiration? What is reduced?

Glucose, Oxygen

10

What occurs to hydrogen atoms in glucose during cellular respiration?

Passed to oxygen to form water.

11

Formation of ATP is what types of reaction?

Condensation and phosphorylation

12

ATP synthesis occurs in two processes...

Substrate-level phosphorylation and oxidative phosphorylation

13

What is substrate level phosphorylation? Give an example.

A phosphate group is transferred from metabolic intermediate to ADP to form ATP. When creatine phosphate donates its phosphate group to ADP to form ATP.

14

What is oxidation phosphorylation? Give an example

This is when ADP binds to a free inorganic phosphate.

15

Oxidative phosphorylation requires what?

electron transport system and oxygen.

16

Where do cells obtain energy to perform work?

Hydrolyzing previously synthesized ATP.