Flashcards in Glucose Oxidation Deck (16):
What is the reaction that mostly all cells rely on to provide energy?
Why do cells carry out cellular respiration?
To produce ATP
Do all cells utilize cellular respiration?
The energy needed to produce ATP comes from? Where are these provided from?
Substrates(glucose, lipid, and amino acid). Ingestion of food.
Equation for cellular respiration.
C6H12O6 + 6O2 ---> 6CO2 + 6H2O + 36 ATP
Chemical composition of glucose
How many moles of oxygen must be used in order to oxidize one molecule of glucose?
ATP is synthesized from what?
ADP and a phosphate.
What is oxidized in cellular respiration? What is reduced?
What occurs to hydrogen atoms in glucose during cellular respiration?
Passed to oxygen to form water.
Formation of ATP is what types of reaction?
Condensation and phosphorylation
ATP synthesis occurs in two processes...
Substrate-level phosphorylation and oxidative phosphorylation
What is substrate level phosphorylation? Give an example.
A phosphate group is transferred from metabolic intermediate to ADP to form ATP. When creatine phosphate donates its phosphate group to ADP to form ATP.
What is oxidation phosphorylation? Give an example
This is when ADP binds to a free inorganic phosphate.
Oxidative phosphorylation requires what?
electron transport system and oxygen.