Gluteal Region and Thigh Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Gluteal Region and Thigh Deck (41):
1

Name the superficial gluteal muscles

gluteus maximum, medius and minimus

2

What is the function of the superficial gluteal muscles

extension, abduction and medial rotation of thigh at hip

3

Innervation of gluteus maximus

inferior gluteal nerve

4

Innervation of gluteus medius and minimus

superior gluteal nerve

5

Attachments of gluteus maximus

Ilium/Sacrum/Coccyx and iliotibial tract/greater trochanter of femur

6

Attachments of gluteus medius and minimus

ilium and greater trochanter of femur

7

innervation of tensor fasciae lata

superior gluteal nerve

8

Attachments of tensor fasciae lata

ASIS and iliotibial tract

9

Function of tensor fasciae lata

abduction and medial rotation of lower limb

10

Name the deep gluteal muscles

piriformis
obturator internus
gemelli (superior and inferior)
quadratus femoris

11

Function of the deep gluteal muscles

laterally rotate lower limb

12

attachment of piriformis

sacrum and greater trochanter of femur

13

attachment of obturator internus

pubis/ischium and greater trochanter of femur

14

attachment of gemelli

ischial spine/tuberosity and greater trochanter of femur

15

attachment of quadratus femoris

ischial tuberosity and intertrochanteric crest

16

Name the anterior thigh muscles

pectineus
sartorius
iliopsoas
quadriceps femoris

17

name the 4 muscles of quadriceps femoris

rectus femoris
vastus lateralis
vastus intermedius
vastus medialis

18

name the 2 muscles of iliopsoas

psoas major and iliacus

19

innervation of anterior thigh muscles

femoral nerve (L2-4)

20

function of anterior thigh muscles

knee extensors

21

attachments of sartorius

ASIS and tibia

22

attachments of pectineus

pelvis and femur

23

attachments of iliopsoas

lumbar vertebrae/pelvis and lesser trochanter

24

attachments of rectus femoris

ilium and patella

25

which muscle forms the base of femoral triangle

pectineus

26

name the medial thigh muscles

adductor longus
adductor brevis
adductor magnus
obturator externus
gracilis

27

what is another name for the medial thigh muscles

hamstrings

28

innervation of the medial thigh muscles

obturator nerve (L2/3/4)
hamstring part of adductor magnus is supplied by tibial nerve

29

function of medial thigh muscles

adduction of the hip

30

attachments of adductor magnus

adductor part - pubis/ischium and femur
hamstring part - ischial tuberosity and femur

31

attachments of adductor longus

pubis and femur

32

attachments of adductor brevis

pubis and femur

33

attachments of obturator externus

obturator foramen and greater trochanter of femur

34

attachments of gracilis

inferior pubic ramus and tibia

35

which muscle forms the medial border of the femoral triangle

adductor longus

36

Name the posterior thigh muscles

biceps femoris
semitendinosus
semimembranosus

37

innervation of posterior thigh muscles

sciatic nerve (L4-S3)
- tibial part - long head of biceps femoris, semitendinosus and semimembranosus
- common fibular part - short head of biceps femoris

38

function of the posterior thigh muscles

extend and hip and flex at knee

39

attachment of biceps femoris

ischial tuberosity/femur and head of fibula

40

attachment of semitendinosus

ischial tuberosity and tibia

41

attachment of semimembranosus

ischial tuberosity and medial tibial condyle