Gov. Ch. 9 Test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Gov. Ch. 9 Test Deck (29):
1

European pattern from which Pilgrims fled; government dictates church of people

State church

2

False speech

Slander

3

False writing

Libel

4

Obscene writings or pictures designed to arouse immoral thoughts, feelings, and desires

Pornography

5

Freedom to publish anything, but not free against potential consequences

Prior Restraint

6

Restricts sale of handguns by requiring waiting period to purchase one

Brady Law

7

written statement issued by a judge which gives a law officer the legal right to search for a specific thing in a specific place

warrant

8

crime so serious it is punishable by death

Capital crime

9

serious crime

felony

10

special military courts in which members of the US Armed Forces are tried for crimes

Court-martial

11

highest military court in which one can appeal court-martial decisions

US Court of Military Appeals

12

right of civil government to take persons land or private property for public use following payment for that property

eminent domain

13

sum of money that a person accused of a crime deposits with a court in order to be temporarily released from jail

bail

14

gives states reserved power of anything not otherwise stated in constitution

10th amendment

15

declared slaves free

Emancipation Proclamation

16

right to vote

suffrage

17

tax imposed on voters to keep certain people (esp. poor blacks) from voting

Poll tax

18

moved the date on which the presidents take office to eliminate "lame duck" sessions of congress

lame duck amendment, amendment 20

19

placed restriction on power of congress to up its salary

Amendment 27

20

Date of Constitution and BofR

C: 1788
B: 1791

21

Which amendment applies the Bill of Rights to government

14 (due process)

22

3 reasons for Freedom of Religion

1. Prevent national religion or state church
2. right of individual to choose own religion
3. allow states to deal with religious institutions without federal government interference

23

Said that the government could not give legal preference to any church or denomination

Establishment Clause

24

Established 3 part test to determine establishment cases

Lemon v. Kurtzman, 1971

25

3 parts of Lemon Test

1. Law must have secular purpose
2. Law's primary effect must be religion neutral
3. Law must not foster excessive entanglement of government with religion

26

Gives the right to, within certain limits exercise religion freely

Free exercise clause

27

Supreme court rules that Mormon polygamy was not constitutionally protected bc it violates common standard of decency

Reynolds v. US, 1879

28

Court cases dealing with free spech

Chaplinsky vs. New Hampshire
Dennis v. US (communist leaders convicted under Smith Act)

29

Cases dealing with freedom of press

Miller v. California (established Miller test, redefined obscenity as lacking literary, artistic, political value)