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Flashcards in Government Chapter 15 Deck (36):
1

Abandoned property can be searched without a warrant.. T/F

True

2

Libel is any oral communication that is written.. T/F

False

3

Censorship is no longer practiced by the motion picture industry.. T/F

True

4

The advertising practices of the tobacco company are very highly regulated.. T/F

True

5

The 5th amendment protects Americans from self incrimination.. T/F

True

6

In certain kinds of cases, Americans are guaranteed a Jury trial.. T/F

True

7

The first amendment was intended to protect the religious adversity of the states of the power of.. T/F

True

8

T/F

True

9

This Supreme Court case established the "clear and present danger test" limitation on free speech..

Schenk v. United States

10

What rule was designed to prevent police from making illegal searches and seizures?

Exclusionary rule

11

Which Supreme Court case ruled that evidence gathered illegally is inadmissible in court?

Mapp v. Ohio

12

This Supreme Court forbade teacher-led prayers in public schools

Engel v. Vitale

13

What term means speech that endangers national security?

Sedition

14

Which Supreme Court cases determined that defendants must be advised of their constitutional rights upon arrest?

Miranda v. Arizona

15

Which Supreme Court case ruled segregation in schools was unconstitutional?

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

16

This Supreme Court case established the threefold test for scrutinizing church-state relations

Lemon v. Kurtzman

17

In the fifth amendment. what term means the conducting pf a fair and proper trial?

Due Process

18

This Supreme Court case forbade the practice of polygamy?

Reynolds v. United States

19

On what grounds did the Nixon administration attempt to prevent the publication of the Pentagon Papers?

National Security

20

This Supreme Court case ruled that flag burning is protected as symbolic speech

Texas v. Johnson

21

What term means attempts to undermine the authority and existence of the government?

Subversion

22

This Supreme Court case ruled the attacks on public officials are protected speech unless they are made with "reckless disregard" for the truth

New York Times v. Sullivan

23

What term means laws that criminalize activities that were not crimes when they were committed?

Ex post facto laws

24

This Supreme Court case upheld the Smith Act, which made it illegal to advocate the violent overthrow of the government

Dennis v. United States

25

This Supreme Court case ruled that the states are subject to the Second Amendment

McDonald v. Chicago

26

This Supreme Court case upheld the right of individuals to possess firearms for self-defense in their homes

District of Columbia v. Heller

27

This Supreme Court case ruled that the government does not necessarily have the right of prior restraint

New York Times Company v. United States

28

Describe the rights and responsibilities included in the Miranda rights statement

-Right to remain silent
-Right to have attorney
-Right to end police questioning whenever he chooses

29

Identify and explain the steps of the criminal justice process from arrest to sentencing

1. Arrest
2. Booking
3. Initial Appearance
4. Preliminary hearing
5. Grand jury
6. Arraignment
7. Trial
8. Sentencing (IF guilty)

30

This Supreme Court case ruled that attacks on public officials are protected speech unless they are made with "reckless disregard" for truth

New York Times v. Sullivan

31

What term means laws that criminalize activities that were not crimes when they were committed?

Ex post facto laws

32

This Supreme Court case upheld the Smith Act, which made it illegal to advocate the violent overthrow of the government

Dennis v. United States

33

This Supreme Court case ruled that states are subject to the Second Amendment

McDonald v. Chicago

34

This Supreme Court case upheld the right of individuals to possess firearms for self-defense in their homes

District of Columbia v. Heller

35

This Supreme Court case ruled that the government does not necessarily have the right of prior restraint

New York Times Company v. United States

36

Describe the rights and responsibilities included in the Miranda rights statement.

-Right to remain silent
-Right to have attorney
-Right to end police questioning whenever he chooses