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Flashcards in Grammar Deck (15):
0

من الممكن ان (+ verb)

ليس من الممكن ان (+ verb)


min al mumkin an ....
It is possible to (+ verb).... or you could say, "we can"..go shopping etc

laysa min al mumkin an .....
It is not possible to (+ verb) or perhaps "we can't ...."

1

يجب أب

يجب ان لا (يجب الا)

You must (+ verb) Yajib an (+ verb)

You must not (the 'not' can also be expressed by combining the ان 'an' and the لا 'laa' to form a new word "alla" or الا).
Yajib alla

2

taa' marbooTa ة
Sounds like 'a' only at the end of a word and indicates the feminine

Alef Maqsura ى
Also sounds like an 'a' but does not indicate the feminine.

taa' marbooTa can be seen in the following forms:
المشاة
المدفعية
Alef Maqsura can be demonstrated thus:
الموسيقى

3

In Arabic, a fatHa tanween suffixes to the noun or adjective somebody or something 'is not', when it does not end in:

ين - ان - ى - ة

است ضابطاً I am not an officer

They are not civilians ليسوا مدنيين

Required for "not an officer" not required for "not a civilian"

4

Difference between اب and الى
الى

is always attached to motion and precedes a noun eg I was going to Paris or I went to the shop
ان
is always used before a verb eg I decided to write or I want to sleep

The "infinitive" is the simplest form of any verb
eg sleep, sit, shop, write.

It is NOT sleeps, sitting, wrote or shopping.

5

To want

I want اُرِيد .....
Do you want هل تريد ان
Mohammed wants يريد محمد ان

The verb after ان anywhere in the sentence will loose its ن and be replaced by a ا

6

To express 'has to or must' we use yajib an

If "kaan" is placed in front of 'yajib an', it becomes 'should have' and so 'should not have' is consequently expressed 'kaan yajib an laa'

To express "had to" use the wording, 'it was necessary/ essential'

كان من الضروري ان

7

If X wants Y to do something, use the word 'min'
eg ureed minak = I want you to....

lam = didn't

Also can be used for weren't, wasn't, won't

eg lam yakun musallaH = he wasn't armed.

8

ليس عنك
You don't have

اليس عندك؟

Don't you have?

9

To make the present tense negative, put لا in front of a verb.

لا يسكن في معسكر

10

يجب ان
يجب ان لا

must / have to
must not

yajib an (+ verb)
yajib an laa (+ verb)

11

The Imperative
Applicable to "you" verbs eg: you (m), you (f) and you (pl)

Remove ن if it is present at the end of word and replace with ا
Remove initial letter and replace with ا, if ... any of the first two letters contain vowel sounds. (eg: see below.)

Examples:
To assemble: assemble! ( M&S) write! (m) sit! (m)
تتجمع تجمع! (m)
تتجمين تجموا! (f)
تكتب اُكتُب! (m)
جلِس اجْلس! (m)

12

أنا I ana
انت You anta
انت You anti
هو He huwa
هي She hiya
نحن We naHnu
أنتم You antum
هم They hum

لست I am not
لست You are not
لست You are not
ليس He is not
ليست She is not
لسنا We are not
لستم You are not
ليسوا They are not

13

"one of" - اِحد (m) or اِحدى (f). Always followed by a plural noun, defined by "al" or a pronoun suffix eg "yu" or "tu"

Can also be "Anyone" or "No-one".

وجدنا أسلحة في "احدى" الشاحنات
We found weapons in "one of" the lorries
لم يحضر احد من

14

SMP - endings will always be ين or ون. GENERALLY USE ون.

In a VSO sentence, if the SMP is the 'doer' (and comes straight after the verb) use ون. (The first plural word after the verb).

Otherwise use ين.

يفتش المهندسون الجسر
The engineers are checking the bridge - engineer 'doers' - use ون

يفتش الوكيل المجندين
The WO is inspecting the recruits - recruits are the object - use ين