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HESI Grammar > Grammar > Flashcards

Flashcards in Grammar Deck (37)
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1

Adjective

modifies a noun

1position
2size
3shape
4condition
5age
6color
7pattern
8origin
9material
10puropse

NOUN

grandma got rid of her ugly old flowery sofa

2

Adverb

describes a noun
When where how how often/much
how tall?
VERY tall
KIND OF tall

3

Independent Clause

A short sentence that can stand alone.
no, : ;

4

Dependent clause

A dependent clause, like all clauses, has a subject and a verb.
requires,:; to make it function

5

Cliche'

unoriginal and to be avoided at all costs.

6

Compound sentence

two simple sentences joined together by a comma and a conjunction.
and
so
yet
neither...nor
either...or

7

conjunction

contradicts or shows something unexpected
and, but, nor, so, or,

8

correlative conjunction

neither...nor
either...or

9

direct object

answers the questions what or whom
the student watched THE PROFESSOR distribute papers

10

euphemism

a nice way to say something harsh
passed away- he's dead

11

indirect object

something happening to someone else indirectly

Josh built EMMA a fence

12

Interjection

Oh! what a lovely supprise
WOW! thats great

13

Misplaced Modifier

words or groups of words that a re not located properly in relation to the words they modify

14

common noun

general person place thing or idea
city, man, smart phone, internet

15

Proper noun

the name of a person, place or thing

16

abstract noun

names an idea that can not be felt by the senses
love, bravery, beauty, excitement

17

collective noun

name of a group of persons or things
team, heard, bunch

18

participal phrase

additional discription, it adds flavor and character to the sentence.
The SOBBING child held his injured knee

19

participle

a word formed from a verb which can be used as an adjective. The two types of participles are the present participle (ending ing) and the past participle (usually ending -ed,-d,-t,-en, or -n).

20

phrase

two or more words that act a a single part of speach

21

predicate

what the subject is, has, or does; or what is done to the subject.

22

predicate adjective

helps to explain the subject
my professors are AMAZING

23

Predicate nominative

a noun or pronoun that follows a linking verb and helps to explain or rename the subject
professors are TEACHERS

24

preposition

shows a relationship between a noun and a verb
with, at, but, like

25

pronoun

a word that takes the place of a noun, another pronoun, or a group of words acting as a noun.

The STUDENTS want THEIR test papers graded for THEM in a timely manner.

26

personal pronoun

a specific person, place,thing, or idea.
first person : indicates the person speeking
second person: the person or people spoken to
third person: any other person, place, thing, or idea being talked about

it also represents singular or pleural:
first person plural: WE are going to ask
Second person singular: YOU to give
third person plural: THEM a ride to the office.

27

possessive pronoun

a form of personal pronoun that shows possession or ownership
that is MY book
that book is MINE
that is HIS book
that book is HIS

28

run-on sentence

two pr more complete sentences are written as though they were one sentence

29

declarative sentence

makes a statement

I went to the store

30

Interrogative sentence

asks a question

Did you go to the store?

31

imparative sentence

makes a command or reqiest
Go to the store.

32

Exclamatory sentence

makes an exclamation
You went to the store!

33

sentence fragment

Incomplete sentences
While the students were taking the test

34

Sexest language

does not accurately reflect the contribution of women to society

35

subject

a word, phrase, or clause that names whom or what the sentence is about

36

textspeak

used in electronic communication and is composed of abbrieviations, slang, emogicons, and acronyms. Not to be used in formal writting

37

verb

expresses action or state of being
the SCOWLING professor
the WORRIED student
the BROKEN pencle