Flashcards in Grammar Deck (28):
What makes a word feminine in Arabic?
Although there are exceptions, the Arabic letter ة usually indicated a word's femininity either grammatically or in actuality.
How do you identify definiteness in Arabic? Indefiniteness?
Definite words in Arabic are either proper names or preceded by ال. Indefinite words are everything else!
Construction - what does definite+definite =?
adj. + n.
Construction - what does indefinite+indefinite =?
adj. + n.
Construction - what does definite+indefinite =?
subject + predicate
Construction - what does indefinite+definite =?
possessor + possessed (Ida'afa)
How do you form an adjective (النسبة) from place noun?
1) Remove ال ,ة and final ا or يا if any from place noun.
2) Add ي for masculine and ي+ة for women to the end.
plural non-human =?
Do verbs ever end in ة?
No, verbs never end in ة
If a sentence in English has no article...
...in Arabic you will use ال
possession - pronounce ة...
... as ت
How do you decide if you use أ?
Put a و in front of the word in question and see if the word still makes sense. If it does, then you don't use أ and if it doesn't, then you do use أ.
Do nouns and adjectives have to agree in gender and number?
In a nominal sentence (subject+predicate) how can you separate your subject and predicate?
Verbs in sentence are usually predicate. Otherwise, in the English translation, verb 'to be' separates the subject from the predicate.
ات is a feminine ending so...
...if there is a ة you get rid of it.
3-10 =? 11-infinity =? (in terms of age)
3-10=plural and 11-infinity=singular
Sound feminine plural refers to human/non-human and ends in?
Sound feminine plurals end in ة/ات ending.
Sound masculine plural refers to human traits/professions/nationalities and ends in?
Sound masculine plurals end in ونَ/ينَ ending.
Besides sound masculine and sound feminine plurals, there is one more group in الجمع السالم. What is it?
What does a broken plural never start with? What does a broken plural always start with?
A broken plural never starts with إ, it always starts with أ.
How can you test to see if a ة is present at the end of a word?
Add a ه at the end. Does it made sense? If it does, then there is a ة at the end of the word. If it doesn't make sense, then there isn't a ة at the end of the word.
What is the only form in فعل ماضي that starts with a أ?
Voweling for ة at the end?
Preceding tashkeel is a َ (fatha)
Voweling for a long ي at the end?
Preceding tashkeel is usually a ِ (kasra) and sometimes aَ (fatha)
Is it true that the last word in a complex Ida'afa is the only one that takes the ال or possessive suffix?
Yes, that is true.
Many compound words in English are expressed as what in Arabic?
Many compound words in English are expressed in Arabic using Ida'afa.
Which ة in Ida'afa are pronounced as ت?
In Ida'afa, all the ة are pronounced as ت except for the final ة in the statement.