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Hononrs American Lit. > Grammar Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Grammar Review Deck (30):
0

Noun:

a person, place, thing, or idea

1

Pronoun:

Takes the place of a noun (he she it they we I)

2

Verb:

Expresses action or state of being

3

Verb Phrase:

consists of the main verb + the helping verb (was crowned)

4

Adjective

a word that modifies a noun or pronoun

5

Adverb:

a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another verb (uses -ly)

6

Preposition:

relates the noun or pronoun following it to another word in the sentence (along)

7

Conjunction:

connects words or groups of words (but-because-and)

8

Interjection:

Expresses feeling or emotion "Ouch!"

9

Sentence:

must contain a subject and a verb and must express a complete thought.

10

Subject:

Part about which something is being said
The doer of the sentence

11

Comma:

signals a brief pause

12

Direct Object:

receives the action of a verb or shows the result of the action

13

Indirect Object:

Precedes the direct object and answers the question to whom, to what, for whom, for what after the verb.

14

Predicate Nominative:

Refers back to the subject
"That car is a blue CHEVY"

15

Predicate Adjective:

An adjective that follows a linking verb and modifies the subject
"Martin is FAMOUS for his cooking"

16

How many types of sentences are there?

Four

17

Declarative Sentence:

States an idea and ends with a period.

18

Interrogative Sentence:

asks a question and ends with a question mark

19

Imperative Sentence:

Gives an order or a direction and ends with either a period or an exclamation mark

20

Exclamatory Sentence:

Conveys strong emotion and ends with an exclamation mark.

21

Prepositional Phrase:

a phrase starting with a preposition and is used to modify other words.
"To the edge" "of the road"

22

Appositive Phrase:

a noun or a pronoun with modifiers that stands next to a noun or pronoun and adds extra details in identifying, renaming, or explaining that preceding word.
Mr Clark, AN EXPERIENCED SCOUTMASTER, knows.....

23

Participial Phrase:

a phrase starting with a present or past participial.
"we watched the men CONSTRUCTING THE DAMN"

24

Infinitive Phrase:

A phrase introducing by an infinitive. It is made up of the infinitive and its modifiers and complement.
"TO GRADUATE A YEAR EARLY is my goal"

25

Gerund Phrase:

A phrase starting with a gerund (most of the time). It includes the gerund and its modifiers and complement.

Gerund- ends in ing

26

Independent Clause:

can stand alone as a simple sentence

TIME PASSES RAPIDLY when one is buy.

27

Subordinate Clause:

Depends on the rest of the sentence for its meaning

He will go IF HE FEELS LIKE IT

28

A verb has four Principle Parts:

Present Part: Walk
Present Participle: Walking
Past Part: Walked
Past Participle: Walked

29

Six Basic Tenses:

Present: I Begin
Past: I began
Future: I shall begin
Present Perfect: I have begun
Past Perfect: I had begun
Future Perfect: I shall have begun