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Flashcards in grammar terms Deck (55):
1

nominative case

"lifted up, to initiate" - often the subj of a sentence that initiates, or begins, the sentence.

2

marfuu3

nominative (Damma)

3

Damma goes with . . .

marfuu3 (nominative)

4

accusative case

"to set up" - often the object of the verb. think of a tent being set up.

5

manSuub

accusative (fatHa)

6

fatHa goes with . . .

manSuub (accusative)

7

genitive case

"to pull, to draw, as in a wagon" - used to show possession and also used after prepositions. think of something belonging to something else being pulled along.

8

majruur

genitive (kasra)

9

kasra goes with . . .

majruur (genitive)

10

genitive/possessive construct

'iDaafi

11

diptote

mamnuu3 min iSSarf

12

grammar

qawaa3id

13

definite

mu3arraf

14

indefinite

gayr mu3arraf

15

feminine

mu'annath

16

masculine

muTHakkar

17

dual

muthanna

18

plural

jami3

19

singular

mufrad

20

definite article

al itta3riif

21

case

Haali

22

always this way, built

mabni

23

apposition (word used for clarity)

badal

24

adjective

Sifa

25

noun/s

ism / asmaa

26

form/s (e.g. verbs)

wazin / 'awzaan

27

nunation

tanwiin

28

2 dammas

Dammatayn

29

2 fathas

fatHatayn

30

2 kasras

kasratayn

31

nominal sentence

jumli ismiyyi

32

subject of a sentence

mubtada'

33

subject of a verb, the doer

faa3il

34

predicate of a nominal sentence

xabar jumli ismiyyi

35

subject of a passive verb

naa'ib faa3il

36

vocative (e.g. "ya _______")

munaada

37

object of a verb

maf3uul bihi

38

verb in past tense

fi3il maaDi mabni

39

condition

Haal

40

all words after the first word in a genitive construct

muDaaf 'ilayhi

41

genitive after a preposition

majruur ba3d Harf jarr

42

a preposition

Harf jarr

43

What happens to a diptote if a ta' marbuuTa is added to make it feminine?

It ceases to be a diptote.

44

Do diptotes take nunation?

No

45

What is the genitive ending of a diptote instead of kasra?

fatHa

46

What is the genitive ending of a diptote instead of kasratayn?

fatHa

47

first word of a genitive construct

muDaaf

48

verbal sentence

jumli fi3liiya

49

jumli fi3liiya

verbal sentence

50

the sound masculine plural

jam3 ilmuTHakkar issaalim

51

jam3 ilmuTHakkar issaalim

the sound masculine plural

52

the sound feminine plural

jam3 ilmu'annath issaalim

53

jam3 ilmu'annath issaalim

the sound feminine plural

54

jumli ismiyyi

nominal sentence

55

maf3uul bihi

object of a verb