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Flashcards in Grammer Deck (23):
1

What are the present tense ending for ER verbs?

je +e
tu +es
il/elle +e
nous +ons
vous +ez
ils/elles +ent

2

What are the present tense ending for RE verbs?

je +s
tu +s
il/elle +
nous +ons
vous +ez
ils/elles +ent

3

What are the present tense ending for IR verbs?

je +is
tu +is
il/elle +it
nous +issons
vous +issez
ils/elles +issent

4

What are the endings for the imperfect tense?

je +ais
tu +ais
il/elle +ait
nous +ions
vous +iez
ils/elles +aient

5

What are the endings for the future tense and how do you form it?

Add ending to the inifinitve

je +ai
tu +as
il/elle +a
nous +ons
vous +ez
ils/elles +ont

6

How do you form the conditional tense?

infinitive + imperfect endings

7

Future/conditional stem of aller

ir + ending

8

Future/conditional stem of etre

ser + ending

9

Future/conditional stem of avoir

aur + ending

10

Future/conditional stem of faire

fer + ending

11

Future/conditional stem of pouvoir (to be able to)

pourr + ending

12

Future/conditional stem of devoir (to have to)

devr + ending

13

Future/conditional stem of savoir (to know)

saur + ending

14

Future/conditional stem of venir (to come)

viendr + ending

15

Future/conditional stem of voir

verr + ending

16

Future/conditional stem of vouloir

voudr + ending

17

How would you form the pluperfect?
Translate "You had already left when I arrived."

The imperfect tense of avoir and être and add the past participle.

E.g. "tu étais partie quand je suis arrivé"

18

What do masculine nouns generally end in?

-age
-ment
-il, -ail, -eil, -ueil
-é (but not -té)
-eau and -ou
-ème, -ège
-i, -at, -et and -ot
-er
-oir
-isme
-ing
-ard

19

What do feminine nous generally end in?

-tion, -sion and -son
-ure
-ude, -ade
-ée
-té
-ière
Consonant followed by -ie
-euse
-ance, -ence
Most other endings consisting of Vowel + Consonant + e: -ine, -ise, -alle, -elle, -esse, -ette etc

20

How do you form the future tense and when would you use it?

avoir or etre in the future tense + past participle

use to say that something will have taken place
e.g. I will have left by the time he arrives
Je serai partie quand il arrivera

21

What are the direct object pronouns and when would you use them?

me - me
you - te
him/it - le
her/it - la
us - nous
you - vous
them - les

e.g.
Ils nous aiment - they like us
Je te regarde - I'm watching you

22

When are emphatic pronouns used and what are they?

me - moi
you - toi
him/it - lui
her/it - elle
us - nous
you - vous
them - eux

used after a preposition
e.g.
avec moi - with me
pour eux - for them

23

When are indirect pronouns used and what are they?

to me - me
to you - te
to him/it - lui
to her/it - lui
to us - nous
to you - vous
to them - leur

used with certain verbs to say 'to' someone
e.g.
Je leur téléphone tous les jours - I phone them everyday

other verbs: envoyer, parler, appeller, écrire
Any verb usually followed by 'to' in english