Growth and Development Flashcards Preview

Peds Exam II > Growth and Development > Flashcards

Flashcards in Growth and Development Deck (68):
1

by 6 months, birth weight should ____

double

2

by 1 year, birth weight should ____

triple

3

sensitive/critical/vulnerable/optimal periods

ideal time to learn

4

one child playing and the other observing

onlooker play

5

child playing alone

solitary play

6

children playing side by side with little interaction

parallel play

7

there is interaction but with little rules/organization

associative play

8

more formal, more rules, working together

cooperative play

9

T or F: some syndromes have their own growth chart

T. Down's is an example because these children develop differently

10

at what age does an infant develop head control

about 3 months

11

examples of immature systems in an infant

neuro, musculoskeletal, renal, digestive, cardio, thermoregulation

12

at what age does an infant develop a purposeful grasp

5 months

13

at what age does the pincer grasp develop

8-10 months

14

at what age can an infant push their head and chest up

4 months

15

at what age can an infant roll from belly to back

5 months

16

at what age can an infant roll from back to belly

6 months

17

at what age can an infant sit in the tripod position

4-6 months

18

at what age can an infant sit unsupported

6-8 months

19

at what age does an infant begin to crawl

9 months

20

at what age does an infant begin to walk

can be as early as 9 months but usually between 12-15 months

21

at what age can an infant walk with support

1 year

22

if an infant can't control their head by this age then it indicates a problem

6 months

23

Erikson's stage of development for infants

trust vs mistrust

24

an infants sense that they are not separate from the world

narcissism

25

Piaget's stage of development for infants

sensorimotor

26

age for separation anxiety

4-8 months

27

age for stranger anxiety

6-8 months

28

how to calculate how many teeth a baby should have

child's age minus 6 (8 months: 2 teeth)

29

when can you introduce solid foods

4-6 months (bland foods)

30

vision for toddlers

naturally far sighted

31

at what age should a toddler be able to throw a ball

2 years

32

at what age should a toddler be able to draw a cirlce

3 years

33

at what age should a toddler should be able to go on stairs or jump

2 years

34

Erikson's stage of development for toddler

autonomy vs shame and doubt

35

Piaget's stage of development for toddler

sensorimotor (until about 2 years) then preoperational

36

age range for preoperational stage

2-7 years

37

stage of development: pre-logic, don't understand connections

preoperational stage

38

at what age should a child be able to speak a 2-3 word sentence

2 years

39

at what age should a child be able to speak simple sentence/begin to learn language rules

3 years

40

around what age should a child begin potty training

24 months

41

a toddler's inability to control their emotions

tantrum

42

lifelong eating habits are set by what age

3 years

43

whole cow's milk should not be introduced earlier than what age?

1 year

44

infant age range

0-12 months

45

toddler age range

1-3 years

46

preschool age range

3-5 years

47

gross motor skills for preschooler

riding tricycle
walking on tiptoes
balancing on one leg
skip
jump

48

fine motor skills for preschooler

improved hand-eye coordination, self-care, dressing

49

Erikson's stage of development for preschooler

initiative vs guilt

50

Piaget's stage of development for preschooler

preoperational

51

in what age group do children begin to understand right from wrong, love rules, and have feelings of guilt

preschool

52

at what age do children begin to develop a concept of conservation

school age

53

T or F: if a child is not talking by preschool age it is a red flag

TRUE. needs further eval

54

routines are helpful for ____ in preschoolers

stress

55

nightmare

child wakes up

56

night terror

child appears to be awake but is not, inconsolable

57

children in this age group are proficient with biking, hiking, swimming, and climbing

school age

58

in what age group do muscles fully develop decreasing the risk of injury

adolescent

59

Erikson's stage of development for school age

industry vs inferiority

60

Piaget's stage of development for school age

concrete operations

61

when does menses usually occur

2 years after breast buds appear

62

Tanner stages

process that takes many years, different levels of development for boys and girls going through puberty

63

at what Tanner stage do voice changes appear in boys

3 or 4

64

Erikson's stage of development for adolescent

identity vs role confusion

65

Piaget's stage of development for adolescent

formal operations

66

in formal operations stage the adolescent is capable of this

abstract thinking and scientific reasoning

67

in what age group does the child begin to feel empathy

adolescent

68

immunizations in the adolescent age group

Hep B, HPV, flu