GU/Renal/ Electrolytes CCRN Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in GU/Renal/ Electrolytes CCRN Deck (17):
1

Loop diuretics are diuretics that act at the _________- ______ ____ ______ in the kidney and ______is not a loop diuretics

ascending tubule of the loop of Henle; Diuril.

2

The structure of the kidney that performs all the work (functional unit ) is the

Nephron

3

Torsades de pointes is associated with which electrolyte abnormality

low magnesium

4

Drugs that causes prolonged QT

Sotalol and Haldol

5

Remember when K+ is high, priority is to administer

Calcium gluconate

6

Low ionized calcium level is related to what

Phosphate retention

7

1 g of Calcium ______Provides 3X more calcium than calcium _______

chloride; gluconate

8

Short acting ACEI medication

CAPTOPRIL

9

In the _______ the kidney are putting out large amounts of fluid; but not filtering; Fluid intake is required to prevent ________

non-oliguric phase; hypovolemia.

10

For kidney failure patient to get hemodialysis they need to be

Hemodynamically stable.

11

When is the EXCEPTION as to when it is appropriate to use diuretics in AKI?

In the presence of Fluid overload

12

Twitching of the facial nerve when the area of the face is tapped is associated with which electrolyte abnormality?________ and that is known as the ______Sign

Hypocalcemia.; Chvostek

13

Dopamine infusion of more than _____mcg/kg/ min cause vasoconstriction of renal blood flow

15

14

Bradycardia, tremors, and twitching associated with electrolyte imbalance

HYPERkalemia

15

Which initiate the coagulation process at the site of blood vessel injury?

platelets

16

Quantitative platelet disorders, such as thrombocytopenia, are associated with bleeding when the platelets drop to less than

50,000

17

RIFLE criteria to classify ARF stand for

Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, End stage