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Flashcards in Guns In America Deck (57):
1

2017 shot dead

13 158 people

1 death every 30 minutes

As many victims as deaths on road

2

Weapons

Almost as many as inhabitants

3

Gun dealerships

65,000

More than supermarket, macdo and Starbucks put together

4

American constitution

1791
Grants the right for American citizen to own weapons

5

California's legislation

Strict
Quota for weapons and ammunitions
Checking of client's criminal record

6

Texas' legislation

Lax
Citizens can own weapons of war

7

Nevada

Permissive
They can own assault rifle

8

Lobby group

NRA
National rifle association

9

Adherents NRA

4,5M

10

Political interference

Reward political nominees with funds : trump

Or punish them with bashing campaigns : Clinton

11

Reform attempt

Initiative de réforme

Gun control act 1968: regulate guns trade

2011-2016: 100 laws suggestif to the Congress, none voted

12

Recent significant events

Orlando 2016:50 victims

Mandala Bay, Las Vegas

Sutherland springs church

High school in parkland

13

The AR-15

5M in America

Presented as the perfect weapon to protect ones house

100 shots in less than 1 minutes

14

Lobbying

Practice of influencing legislators into voting a favour of or against a bill

Pressure group = special-interest group

15

The first amendment to the constitution

Gives lobbyists some kind of legal status and make their progression an accepted political activity

16

USA

thousands of lobbying groups : acting at a local a state level , federal level

Various categories represented

17

As they are

Far better paid and have almost unlimited funding, their influence on the writing of bills is huge

18

The number of lobbyists

Exceed that of members of congress

19

Many state or fedora laws regulate such activities

The 1946 regulations of lobbying act

20

Opponent

Often complain that congressmen appear to be acting in the interests of those who fund them

--> giving the rise to talk of political corruption

21

The cost of political campaigns

Is such that politicians sometimes find themselves in compromising positions because of their need to solicit financial contributions

22

Soles states and cities

Have started to use "Clean election" = programs for public financing of campaigns

Give any candidate a fixed amount of money and banning them from accepting any outside donation

23

Clean election procedure in place in

Arizona
Maine since 2000

Connecticut in 2005 states

24

Several foreign countries

Make sur of some of the most prominent lobbying firms in order to improve their relationship with Washington

25

Example of hug investments in lobbying

Congo is reported to have spent 1,5M$ in the fist half of 2009

26

Main danger of all this lobbying

The development of a serious imbalance between the possibilities of repressive or dictatorial states which can spend huge amounts of money to make the right connections

27

Surveiller
Suivre de près

To monitor

28

Satisfaire qqchose

Cater to something

29

Déposer un dossier

To file

30

Esquiver contourner

To skirt

31

Divulgation
Revelation

Disclosure

32

Sain

Wholesome

33

FAIRE campagne pour la

To push for sthg

34

Obligatoire

Mandatory

35

Prétendue corruption

Alleged corruption

36

Un ensemble de loi

An array of laws

37

Défenseur engagé

A committed advocate

38

Élaborer

Draft

39

Être mêlé à

To be embroiled in

40

Mettre en valeur

Enhance

41

Qqun de neutres

Fence sitter

42

Corruption

Graft
Bribery

43

Marge de manœuvre

Leeway

44

EN attente

Pending

45

Rester au courant de qqchose

To keep abreast of

46

gun control means

- attemps to limit the 2nd Amendment : such as putting gun-owners on a register, imposing a mini age to bear arms + background checks for people's health records

47

the 2nd Amendment

was written for a specific time and context
there was no national army or police force at the time

48

lanceur d'alerte

whistleblower

49

whistleblower

Michael Moore's film "Bowling for Columbine" demonstrates just how easy it is to obtain a firearm in the US

50

Moore puts the problem down to

successive governments creating a climate of fear which makes people nervous and irrational

51

Amercia has always

had a common enemy, a bogeyman figure, be it the SU, Iran in the 80s or Al Quaeeda at the turno of the century

52

since 2014 more laws

have been passed in individual states facilitating access to fireamrs rather than restrcting it

53

NRA slogan

"Guns don't kill people, people do" is far more influent than its anti-gun opponent the Brady Campaign

54

the NRA's logic is that

the more madmen kill people using guns, the more necessary it becomes for people to buy guns in roder to protect themsleves

55

in 2013

2 year old Caroline Sparks was filled by her five year-old-brother and his Christmas present: "my first rifle"

56

"my first rifel"

a gun with real bullets aimed at five to ten year olds

57

in 2016 Chicago

saw its biggest spike in homicides in 60 year