Haematology (Path guide) Flashcards Preview

Year 5 - Pathology lectures > Haematology (Path guide) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Haematology (Path guide) Deck (43):
1

Peripheral Blood Films:

 

Outline the appearance, description of and underlying conditions of: 

  • Acanthocytes
  • Basophilic RBC stippling
  • Burr Cells
  • Heinz Bodies
  • Howel-Jolly Bodies

2

Peripheral Blood Films:

 

Outline the appearance, description of and underlying conditions of: 

  • Right Shift
  • Rouleaux formation
  • Schistocytes

3

Peripheral Blood Films:

 

Outline the appearance, description of and underlying conditions of: 

  • Leucoerythroblastic Anaemia 
  • Pelger Huet Cells
  • Polychromasia
  • Reticulocytosis

4

Anaemia: 

 

What is the definition of, causes of, symptoms and signs and types of anaemia? 

 

 

5

Iron Deficiency Anaemia: 

 

Outline the Definition of, signs, blood film findings, causes and treatment of Iron Deficiency Anaemia

6

Anaemia of Chronic Disease: 

 

Outline the aetiology, causes of and findings in Anaemia of Chronic Disease

7

Sideroblastic Anaemia: 

 

Outline the aetiology, causes of and findings in Sideroblastic Anaemia

8

Interpretation of Plasma Iron Studies: 

 

Outline the interpretation of Plasma Iron studies (Iron, TIBC and Ferritin) for: 

  1. Iron Deficiency
  2. Anaemia of Chroic Disease
  3. Chronic Haemolysis
  4. Haemochromatosis
  5. Pregnancy
  6. Sideroblastic Anaemia

9

Mactocytic Anaemia: 


What are the differnt types of Macrocytic Anaemia and blood film findings in Megaloblastic Anaemia?

 

10

Vitamin B12 Deficiency: 

 

What is the aeitology, symptoms, investigations and management of Vitamin B12 deficiency? 

 

 

11

Folate Deficiency: 

 

What is the aeitology, symptoms, investigations and management of Folate Deficiency? 

12

Haemolytic Anaemias

 

What is the definition of, features of and subclasses of Haemolytic Anaemia?

13

Membrane, Inherited, Haemolytic Anaemias

 

Outline the inheritance of, aeitiology of, diagnosis and treatment of the main Inherited Haemolytic Anaemias affecting membranes

14

Enzyme, Inherited, Haemolytic Anaemias

 

Outline the inheritance of, aeitiology of, diagnosis and treatment of the main Inherited Haemolytic Anaemias affecting Enzymes

15

Haemoglobinopathies, Inherited, Haemolytic Anaemias

 

Outline the inheritance of, aeitiology of, diagnosis and treatment of Sickle Cell Anaemia

16

Haemoglobinopathies, Inherited, Haemolytic Anaemias

 

Outline the inheritance, aeitiology, sympotoms, investigations and treatment of Thalassaemia (A & B)

17

Acquired Haemolytic Anaemias

 

Outline the main types of Immune Acquired Haemolytic Anaemias

(include features, causes and management) 

18

Acquired Haemolytic Anaemias

 

 

Outline the main types of Non-Immune Acquired Haemolytic Anaemias

19

Haemostasis

 

Outline the main processes in forming a stable Haemostatic plug

20

Haemostasis

 

Outline the main steps of the Coagulation cascade

21

Haemostasis

 

  1. Outline the main phases of the coagulation cascade
  2. Name the main inhibitors of the coagulation cascade
  3. The tests for the Intrinsic, Extrinsic and Common Pathways, what they are for and what factor the pathways start with.

22

Bleeding Disorders

 

What are the main types of bleeding disorders?

What features are associated with them?

23

Vascualr Defects, Bleeding Disorders

 

 

What are the main types of vascular defects that cause bleeding disorders?

 

24

Platelet Defects, Bleeding Disorders

 

 

What are the main types of platelet defects that cause bleeding disorders?

25

Platelet Defects, Bleeding Disorders

 

 

What are the main features of Acute Immune Thrombocytopenia and Chronic Immune Thrombocytopenia?

Include: 

  1. Peak age
  2. M:F Ratio
  3. Preceding infection
  4. Onset of sypmtoms
  5. Platlet count at presentation
  6. Duration
  7. Spontaneous remession

26

Coagulation Disorders

 

What are the main types of inherited Coagulation Disorders?

27

Coagulation Disorders

 

What are the main types of Acquired Coagulation Disorders?

28

Blood tests for Coagulation disorders:

 

Outline the results for INR, APTT, Thrombin time, Platelet count and Bleeding time for: 

 

  1. Heparin
  2. DIC
  3. Liver Disease
  4. Platelet defect
  5. Vit K Deficiency
  6. Haemophilia
  7. vWF Disease

 

29

Venous Thrombosis

 

Outline the main risk factors for and causes of Venous Thromboembolism (VTE)

30

Treatment of VTE

 

Outline the treatment of VTE (both prophylaxis and primary)

31

Venous Thrombosis

 

What are the mechanisms of action of Heparin and Warfarin?

32

Target INR and protocol for raised INR

 

What are the main target INRs?

What is the protocol for raised INR of different levels?

33

Acute Leukaemia

 

Outline the clinical features of, Aetiology and Diagnosis of Acute Leukaemia

34

Acute Leukaemia

 

Outline the epidemiology, clinical features of, investigations and treatment of ALL and AML

35

Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia

 

Outline the epidemiology, clinical features of, investigations and treatment of CML

Outline the features of its different phases

36

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia

 

Outline the epidemiology, clinical features of, investigations, prognostic factors, staging and treatment of CLL

37

Lymphoma

 

Outline the definition of Lymphoma and the areas that it can manifest

 

38

Hodgkin's Lymphoma

 

 

Outline the treatment of Hodgkin's Lymphoma and the main features of Stem Cell Transplants in treating malignancy

39

Hodgkin's Lymphoma

 

Outline the epidemiology, clinical presentation, investigations and staging of Hodgkin's Lymphoma

40

Non Hodgkins Lymphoma 

 

Outline the classification of and main similarities of Non Hodgkins Lymphomas

Outline the Main features of T Cell Lymphomas

41

Non Hodgkins Lymphoma 

 

Outline the features, histopathology and trreatment of B Cell Lymphomas, including: 

  1. Burkitt's Lymphoma
  2. Diffues Large B Cell Lymphoma
  3. Mantle Cell Lymphoma
  4. Follicular 
  5. Mucoas Associated lymphoid tissue (MALT)

42

Multiple Myeloma

 

Outline the definition of, clincal features, investigations and treatment of Multiple Myeloma

43

Multiple Myeloma

 

Outline the M Spike, Bone Marrow, CRAB, Organ damage, and significance of: 

  1. MGUS
  2. Smouldering MM
  3. Multiple Myeloma