Hair Removal Flashcards Preview

Esthetics > Hair Removal > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hair Removal Deck (60):
1

What are the 3 layers of the hair shaft?

Cuticle-outer layer
Medulla-middle layer
Cortex-inner layer

2

What are the 3 main structures of the hair follicle?

Root, Bulb, Papilla

3

What are the 3 phases of hair growth?

Anagen, Catagen, Telogen

4

At which phase during the hair growth cycle is hair removal most effective for long term hair reduction?

Anagen stage

5

Why is hair removal during the Anagen stage more effective?

Removal during this stage damages the vessel that feeds the hair follicle. There is delayed or absent hair growth depending on the bodies ability to repair the vessel.

6

What are the 3 methods of electrolysis?

Galvanic, Thermolysis, and Blend

7

What are two methods of Depilation?

Shaving and depilatories

8

What is the the most common method of depilation?

Shaving

9

What are 4 methods of epilation?

Tweezing, threading, sugaring, waxing

10

What is the most common method of hair removal used by estheticians?

Waxing

11

What is one reason threading is more sanitary than waxing?

The thread is discarded after use

12

What type of substance is used in depilatories?

a caustic alkali preparation

13

What is the most common area for hair removal with threading?

the face

14

What is the most comfortable method of epilation?

Sugaring

15

How long or how many times can the sugaring paste be used on a client?

until the hair left in the product interferes with the hair removal

16

What is the first thing you should do before applying wax to a client?

test the temperature on your wrist

17

Name two different types of wax

hard (or no-strip wax) and soft (or strip wax)

18

What is the main disadvantage of soft wax?

It can irritate the skin

19

Hard wax is available in what forms?

blocks, discs, pellets, beads

20

Name two types of applicators for wax?

wooden applicators and stainless steel or hard plastic 5-inch applicators

21

What applicator is best for large areas such as the legs and back?

the large hard plastic or stainless steel spatula

22

When is the only time you can double dip a waxing spatula?

If you are going to use the whole wax pot and discard it after use on 1 client only

23

What are two types of material used for wax strips?

cotton muslin and pellon

24

Why is it important to have the correct strip size when waxing?

less material is wasted and you will have more effective pulling

25

What are correct strip sizes for legs?

3" x 8"

26

What are correct strip sizes for brow/lip?

1" x 3"

27

What are correct strip sizes for face or chin?

1.5" x 3"

28

What are the correct strip sizes for the bikini/underarm?

2" x 5"

29

Why should you always wear gloves when waxing?

for your protection because spot bleeding may occur

30

Where in my book can I find all contraindications for waxing?

Page 494, Table 18-1

31

How long should the hair length be for effective waxing?

1/4" to 1/2"

32

What can be applied to sensitive skin after waxing to calm the skin and help neutralize reactions?

cold compress with baking soda mixed with water

33

When correcting eye brow shape on uneven or thin brows, should stray hairs be plucked?

No

34

What are the different types of bikini waxing and what hair is removed?

American-removes hair outside normal bikini line
French-leaves a small patch of hair at the front pubis
Brazilian-all hair is removed

35

How long do standard body waxing procedures take?

30 minutes to 1 hour

36

How long will it normally take to heat a wax pot?

30 minutes if it's full
15 minutes if it is 1/4 - 1/2 full

37

At what angle do you apply wax with a spatula?

45 degrees

38

What do you do immediately after pulling off a strip of wax?

apply pressure for 5 seconds

39

What can you do to dry flaky skin before waxing?

apply a very very small amount of lotion before waxing

40

Into what layer of the skin do hair follicles extend?

the dermis

41

Do all follicles have hair?

No

42

Can more than 1 hair grow from a follicle?

Yes

43

Does hair grow in only 1 direction?

No

44

What makes hair grow?

Cell division in the matrix

45

What are the two components of mature hair?

the hair root and the hair shaft

46

What are the appendages attached to the hair follicle?

the arrector pili muscle and the sebaceous glands

47

What does the body produce to keep the skin and hair healthy?

moderate amounts of sebaceous oil

48

In what layer of the skin does the activity of the cells result in hair growth?

basal layer

49

What are two things you can look at on a person to determine their state of health?

skin and hair

50

When is hair easier to remove....before or after it turns gray?

before

51

How do lasers work in hair removal?

the pigment of the hair absorbs the light which travels down the hair shaft and destroys the dermal papilla and vessels that feed the hair

52

What is IPL used for?

hair reduction, vascular and pigmented lesions, and skin treatments

53

What should you have stocked on your wax cart?

applicators, wax and warmer, clensers, pre- and post-epilation products, tweezers, scissors, cotton supplies, and gloves

54

In what direction do you apply soft wax?

In the direction of the hair growth

55

Where should you place your pull tab when using hard wax?

where there is no hair

56

In what direction do you apply hard wax?

against the hair growth initially, and then smooth it down in the direction of the hair growth

57

In what direction do you remove wax (hard or soft)

against the direction of the hair growth

58

What is it important to remember to do when removing wax to prevent tearing or bruising of the skin

hold the skin very taught and pull parallel to the skin

59

What paperwork must be done by a client before performing a wax procedure?

an intake form with history which should include a release form

60

a hive like rash with redness may appear on some clients immediately after waxing? T/F

True