Flashcards in Hair Removal Deck (60):
What are the 3 layers of the hair shaft?
What are the 3 main structures of the hair follicle?
Root, Bulb, Papilla
What are the 3 phases of hair growth?
Anagen, Catagen, Telogen
At which phase during the hair growth cycle is hair removal most effective for long term hair reduction?
Why is hair removal during the Anagen stage more effective?
Removal during this stage damages the vessel that feeds the hair follicle. There is delayed or absent hair growth depending on the bodies ability to repair the vessel.
What are the 3 methods of electrolysis?
Galvanic, Thermolysis, and Blend
What are two methods of Depilation?
Shaving and depilatories
What is the the most common method of depilation?
What are 4 methods of epilation?
Tweezing, threading, sugaring, waxing
What is the most common method of hair removal used by estheticians?
What is one reason threading is more sanitary than waxing?
The thread is discarded after use
What type of substance is used in depilatories?
a caustic alkali preparation
What is the most common area for hair removal with threading?
What is the most comfortable method of epilation?
How long or how many times can the sugaring paste be used on a client?
until the hair left in the product interferes with the hair removal
What is the first thing you should do before applying wax to a client?
test the temperature on your wrist
Name two different types of wax
hard (or no-strip wax) and soft (or strip wax)
What is the main disadvantage of soft wax?
It can irritate the skin
Hard wax is available in what forms?
blocks, discs, pellets, beads
Name two types of applicators for wax?
wooden applicators and stainless steel or hard plastic 5-inch applicators
What applicator is best for large areas such as the legs and back?
the large hard plastic or stainless steel spatula
When is the only time you can double dip a waxing spatula?
If you are going to use the whole wax pot and discard it after use on 1 client only
What are two types of material used for wax strips?
cotton muslin and pellon
Why is it important to have the correct strip size when waxing?
less material is wasted and you will have more effective pulling
What are correct strip sizes for legs?
3" x 8"
What are correct strip sizes for brow/lip?
1" x 3"
What are correct strip sizes for face or chin?
1.5" x 3"
What are the correct strip sizes for the bikini/underarm?
2" x 5"
Why should you always wear gloves when waxing?
for your protection because spot bleeding may occur
Where in my book can I find all contraindications for waxing?
Page 494, Table 18-1
How long should the hair length be for effective waxing?
1/4" to 1/2"
What can be applied to sensitive skin after waxing to calm the skin and help neutralize reactions?
cold compress with baking soda mixed with water
When correcting eye brow shape on uneven or thin brows, should stray hairs be plucked?
What are the different types of bikini waxing and what hair is removed?
American-removes hair outside normal bikini line
French-leaves a small patch of hair at the front pubis
Brazilian-all hair is removed
How long do standard body waxing procedures take?
30 minutes to 1 hour
How long will it normally take to heat a wax pot?
30 minutes if it's full
15 minutes if it is 1/4 - 1/2 full
At what angle do you apply wax with a spatula?
What do you do immediately after pulling off a strip of wax?
apply pressure for 5 seconds
What can you do to dry flaky skin before waxing?
apply a very very small amount of lotion before waxing
Into what layer of the skin do hair follicles extend?
Do all follicles have hair?
Can more than 1 hair grow from a follicle?
Does hair grow in only 1 direction?
What makes hair grow?
Cell division in the matrix
What are the two components of mature hair?
the hair root and the hair shaft
What are the appendages attached to the hair follicle?
the arrector pili muscle and the sebaceous glands
What does the body produce to keep the skin and hair healthy?
moderate amounts of sebaceous oil
In what layer of the skin does the activity of the cells result in hair growth?
What are two things you can look at on a person to determine their state of health?
skin and hair
When is hair easier to remove....before or after it turns gray?
How do lasers work in hair removal?
the pigment of the hair absorbs the light which travels down the hair shaft and destroys the dermal papilla and vessels that feed the hair
What is IPL used for?
hair reduction, vascular and pigmented lesions, and skin treatments
What should you have stocked on your wax cart?
applicators, wax and warmer, clensers, pre- and post-epilation products, tweezers, scissors, cotton supplies, and gloves
In what direction do you apply soft wax?
In the direction of the hair growth
Where should you place your pull tab when using hard wax?
where there is no hair
In what direction do you apply hard wax?
against the hair growth initially, and then smooth it down in the direction of the hair growth
In what direction do you remove wax (hard or soft)
against the direction of the hair growth
What is it important to remember to do when removing wax to prevent tearing or bruising of the skin
hold the skin very taught and pull parallel to the skin
What paperwork must be done by a client before performing a wax procedure?
an intake form with history which should include a release form